TOP STORY OF THE MONTH
Split Verdict on Criminalisation of Marital Rape| Can a Husband be labelled as a rapist? Does MRE provide impunity to offender? One says ‘Yes’, other says ‘No’
In a split verdict the Division Bench of Rajiv Shakdher and C. Hari Shankar, JJ., laid down their opinion on “Should a husband be held criminally liable for raping his wife who is not under 18 years of age?”
Allahabad High Court
Employees State Insurance Act
Whether ‘Printing Press’ is a manufacturing process under Employees State Insurance Act?
Stating that the word ‘manufacturing process’ has been expansively defined under the Factories Act even to include Printing Press activity as a manufacturing process whereas in common parlance Printing Press cannot be termed as a ‘manufacturing process’, Pankaj Bhatia, J., held that, the term ‘manufacturing process’ was added to the ESI Act after the 1989 Amendment, hence, there would be no application of the said term prior to the said amendment.
Abetment of Suicide
Biggest jolt for any married woman that her husband is being shared by some other lady or he is going to marry some other lady: Court dismisses discharge application of husband accused of abetting suicide of wife
Rahul Chaturvedi, J., noted that a lady soon after coming to know that her husband got married in clandestine way with some other lady, committed suicide.
Use of loudspeaker in mosque is not a fundamental right
The Division Bench of Vivek Kumar Birla and Vikas Budhwar, JJ., held that the law has been settled, that use of loudspeaker from mosque is not a fundamental right.
If wife sells out some property, in order to maintain her children, would that mean the wife will not have opportunity to claim maintenance under S. 125 CrPC?
Brij Raj Singh, J., while discussing the matter with regard to providing maintenance to a wife, noted that the Court below had made observations on being influenced by factual aspects which were not proved.
Duty of father to maintain child, daughter entitled to seek maintenance from father
Brij Raj Singh, J., expressed that, a father is legally bound to maintain his child according to the status and lifestyle.
Judges by experience and training not equipped to pronounce any verdict on non-justiciable issues: Sealed 22 rooms at Taj Mahal to stay locked
In a matter wherein the petitioner sought commissioning of a study so that the history of Taj Mahal could be explored, and controversy be put to rest, the Division Bench of Devendra Upadhyaya and Subhash Vidyarthi, JJ., held that the as to which subject should be studied or researched or which topic of a particular area or discipline are not issues where this Court can be said to be possessed of any judicially manageable standards to adjudicate upon.
If divorce is declared in one go and Fatwa is issued, Is muslim wife entitled to maintenance under S. 125 CrPC?
Brij Raj Singh, J., while addressing a maintenance case, observed that if a wife proves that she is unable to maintain herself, she will be entitled to maintenance.
Junior of a practicing advocate alleges to have been subjected to sexual assault: Will All HC grant him bail?
In an alleged sexual assault case, Samit Gopal, J., noted that allegations of sexual assault were against a practicing lawyer by a junior in his office.
Andhra Pradesh High Court
[Doctrine of Separability] AP HC discussed the enforceability of arbitration clause embedded in an unstamped charter party/agreement
“The doctrine of separability treats an agreement to arbitrate contained within a contract as an independent agreement that is deemed to be separable from the main contract. The doctrine preserves the validity and enforceability of the arbitration clause in a contract, even when the primary contract is found to be invalid and unenforceable, providing autonomy to the arbitration clause. The UNCITRAL Model law on International Commercial Arbitration, 1985, Article 16, integrates the doctrine of separability as an arbitration clause which forms part of a contract shall be treated as an agreement independent of the other terms of the contract.”
Bombay High Court
Article on a rift between police officers published in newspaper: Will the reporter be punished under S. 505 IPC?
In a matter wherein, a journalist sought to quash proceedings against him for publishing news items regarding the rift between the officers of the police departments, the Division Bench of Prasanna B. Varale and S.M. Modak, JJ., expressed that:
“If we will say that any news article pertaining to two Sections of any Department will fall within the purview of Section 505(2) of the Indian Penal Code, in that case, we are interpreting the provisions of Section 505(2) of the Indian Penal Code too far and it is not expected by legislatures.”
Dying declaration is by itself sufficient to convict an accused of accusation levelled against him provided dying declaration is found to be voluntary, truthful and hence, could inspire confidence of Court
While addressing a matter with regard to a husband setting ablaze his wife, the Division Bench of Sadhana S. Jadhav and Milind N. Jadhav, JJ., made an observation with respect to dying declaration that,
It is by itself sufficient to convict an accused for the accusation levelled against him provided the dying declaration is found to be voluntary, truthful and hence, could inspire the confidence of the court.
Bom HC provides succor to a girl who was declared “male” in medical test, Directs State to consider her for post in Police department
The Division Bench of Revati Mohite Dere and Madhav J. Jamdar, JJ., directs the State Government of Maharashtra, to consider a woman who was declared as “male” in her medical test for the non-constabulary post in the police department.
Section 377 Penal Code, 1860
Would kissing on lips and touching private parts of a minor be an offence under S. 377 Penal Code, 1860?
Anuja Prabhudessai, J., observed that touching private parts and kissing on the lips of a minor would not constitute to be an offence under Section 377 of Penal Code, 1860.
Can filing of divorce petition by husband be an act of ‘Cruelty’?
Vibha Kankanwadi, J., held that, if a husband files a divorce petition that cannot be taken as an act of cruelty.
Maintenance to in-laws
Can Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens’ Tribunal direct the daughter-in-law to pay maintenance to her in-laws?
The Division Bench of S.S. Shinde and Revati Mohite Dere, JJ., observed that the daughter-in-law cannot be directed by the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens’ Tribunal to pay maintenance to her in-laws.
If a passenger carries a season ticket on local train but fails to provide an identity card, would he be not covered under ‘Bonafide Passenger’?
While partly allowing the appeal wherein a passenger sustained injuries in an untoward incident, Sandeep K. Shinde, J., expressed that, Railway Claim Tribunal, shall proceed to grant compensation to the appellants in terms of Rule 3 of the Rules, 1990, after verifying the medical evidence produced by the appellant in support of his claim.
Calcutta High Court
None of the proceedings initiated by the department shown to have been taken to the logical end; spot memos cannot be enforced
The Court was unclear about the fact that why different wings of the very same department have been issuing notices and summons to the appellants without taking any of the earlier proceedings to the logical end.
In case of discrepancy between ocular and medical evidence, ocular testimony shall prevail; Conviction set aside entitling benefit of doubt
Bibek Chaudhury, J. allowed an appeal which was filed assailing the judgment and order of conviction passed by the Trial Court for committing offence under Section 324 of the Penal Code, 1860 and consequence sentence of imprisonment for a term of one year with fine.
Vital facts overlooked by the Trial Court; Conviction set aside under Essential Commodities Act, 1955
Moushumi Bhattacharya, J. allowed an appeal which was filed assailing the impugned judgment passed under section 7 (1) (a) (ii), of the Essential Commodities Act, 1955 and paragraph 12 of the West Bengal Kerosene Control Order, 1968. The appellant was convicted under the aforesaid provisions with fine and simple imprisonment.
Bail granted to NDPS accused with 100% speech and hearing impairment
The Division Bench of Kesang Doma Bhutia and Moushumi Bhattacharya, JJ. allowed a bail application of the petitioner suffering from 100% speech and hearing impairment under Section 439 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 under Section 21(C) of the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985.
Not providing an opportunity to file a reply to the show-cause notice violation of principle of natural justice; Case remanded back to the Assessing Officer for fresh assessment
Md. Nizamuddin, J. allowed a petition which was filed challenging the impugned assessment order under Section 147 read with Section 144B of the Income Tax Act, 1961 relating to assessment year 2013-2014 on the ground of violation of principle of natural justice by not providing the petitioner with an opportunity to file a reply to the show-cause-notice.
Abscondence of an accused by itself does not establish his guilt; Conviction and sentence for punishment of murder set aside
The Division Bench of Joymalya Bagchi and Ananya Bandyopadhyay, JJ. allowed an appeal which was directed against the judgment and order convicting the appellant for commission of offence punishable under Sections 302 of the Indian Penal Code and sentencing him to suffer rigorous imprisonment for life and to pay fine.
Chhattisgarh High Court
Irretrievable breakdown of Marriage
Chh HC dissolves marriage on appeal filed by husband against trial court order
Sanjay S. Agrawal, J., reversed the judgment of the trial court and granted divorce in an application filed by the husband, while granting Rs 15 lakhs permanent alimony to the wife.
Confiscation order can only be challenged when it reaches its finality and the statute does not give any space to challenge any other order except the final one
Goutam Bhaduri, J., allowed the petition and directed the vehicle to be released on certain conditions.
Art. 14 of the Constitution does not envisage negative equality; Grant of study leave to employees under probation, cannot be a ground for claiming negative parity in the teeth of R. 42 (5) of Chhattisgarh Civil Services (Leave) Rules, 2010
A Division Bench of Arup Kumar Goswami CJ. and Rajendra Chandra Singh Samant J. dismissed the appeal and remarked that quality cannot be claimed in illegality.
Whether the power exercised by the single-member Appellate Tribunal of STAT formed under MV Act would be valid under RERA and within jurisdiction?
The Division Bench of Goutam Bhaduri and Sanjay S Agarwal, JJ. directed that the State shall ensure that the Appellate Tribunal shall be made functional so that the grievance of the public at large who are affected are redressed.
Would pledge of ornaments kept for marriage of a daughter and use for self without knowledge of husband would amount to cruelty?
In a matter pertaining to mental cruelty, the Division Bench of Goutam Bhaduri and N.K. Chandravanshi, JJ., expressed that, if a spouse by her own conduct, without caring about the future of the daughter, parts with ornaments which were meant for the marriage, it will be within the ambit of mental cruelty done by the wife.
Delhi High Court
Visits of sundry family members to matrimonial home, without permanency or intention to treat premises as a shared household: Would it render family members as members of shared household?
Prateek Jalan, J., addressed the issue of whether visits of sundry family members to the matrimonial home, without permanency or the intention to treat the premises as a shared household, would render them members of the “shared household.
Irretrievable Breakdown of Marriage
Husband and wife, two pillars of family, if one gets weak or breaks, whole house crashes down
In a matter of dissolution of marriage, the Division Bench of Vipin Sanghi, ACJ and Jasmeet Singh, J., expressed that husband and wife together can deal with any situation, if one gets weak or breaks, the whole crashes down.
How an Additional Rent Controller did not exhibit a great degree of temperance in discharge of judicial functions
Hari Shankar, J., expressed that, Unwarranted and needless hypersensitivity is not expected of Judicial Officers, who are expected, at all times to maintain composure and poise, befitting the office they hold.
Negotiable Instruments Act
When no offence is attributable to Company, it is not possible to attach liability on Managing Director by deeming provisions of S. 141 of the NI Act
Asha Menon, J., held that if no offence is attributed to the company, its Directors and other persons responsible for the conduct of its business cannot be saddled with any liability.
Infringement of Starbucks trademark FRAPPUCCINO | Del HC awards Rs 2 lakh in damages and 9 lakh costs
In a matter wherein Starbucks trademark ‘frappuccino’ was being infringed, Jyoti Singh, J., while observing that, FRAPPUCCINO trademarks have acquired formidable reputation and goodwill in India, awarded Starbuck Rupees 2 lakhs damages and 9 lakh costs.
Titles of films are capable of being recognised under trademark law? Read Del HC’s decision in light of film ‘SHOLAY’
Prathiba M. Singh, J., expressed that, the word ‘SHOLAY’, is the title of an iconic film, and consequently, as a mark having been associated with the film, cannot be held to be devoid of protection
[Trademark Battle] Karim’s v. Kareem’s | Kareem’s related to or associated with Delhi’s iconic Karim’s restaurant?
Prathiba M. Singh, J., has restrained Kareem Dhanani from opening any further restaurants under the marks “KARIM/KARIM’S/KAREEM/KAREEM’S” or any other marks which are identical or deceptively similar to the Plaintiff’s marks “KARIM/KARIM’S/KAREEM” till the next date of hearing.
Section 304B Penal Code, 1860
Injuries found on person of deceased who was more than 6 months pregnant, but MM ignored postmortem report: Will onus be on husband to offer an explanation under S. 104 Evidence Act?
Asha Menon, J., while setting aside the conclusion of the Metropolitan Magistrate and upholding the intervention by Sessions Court expressed that, injuries were found on the person of the deceased who was more than 6 months pregnant during her residence with her husband, hence the onus will be on him under Section 104 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 to offer an explanation.
Explainer | Would striking down ‘Marital Rape Exception’ create a New Offence?
In the Split verdict on Criminalisation of Marital Rape Exception (MRE), the Division Bench of Delhi High Court pronounced a 393-Pages Judgment, wherein the Justices Rajiv Shakdher and C. Hari Shankar while disagreeing with each other on various issues, very significantly pointed out the issue if “NEW OFFENCE”.
When does petitioner’s concern of lack of disclosure of evidence require court’s intervention?
Chandra Dhari Singh, J., while addressing a matter, expressed that,
Under Principles of Natural Justice, it is settled law that (a) where at the stage where an authority is merely required to form an opinion as to whether an enquiry should be held into allegations or contraventions, it is not required to give to the notice details of nature of evidence and documents, and (b) where a hearing for determination of guilt is to be held de novo, without any reference to any preliminary enquiry report, then the report need not be disclosed to the party affected.
MeitY directed to provide original copy of blocking order and post-decisional hearing to owner and creator of website ‘Dowry Calculator’
The Division Bench of Manmohan and Dinesh Kumar Sharma, JJ., in a matter with regard to blocking of a website ‘Dowry Calculator’, directed the MeitY committee to give a copy of the order to the creator of the website.
Ration Delivery Scheme
Delhi HC strikes down Delhi Government’s Doorstep Ration Delivery Scheme | Lieutenant Governor expressed his difference of opinion
The Division Bench of Vipin Sanghi, ACJ and Jasmeet Singh, J., held that, the Delhi Government’s Mukhya Matri Ghar Ghar Ration Yojana cannot be implemented and rolled out by the GNCTD since the LG expressed his difference of opinion.
Can an occupant deprived of his demarcated car parking in a Society registered under Delhi Cooperative Societies Act occupied by unauthorized occupants approach the Court?
The Division Bench of Mukta Gupta and Neena Bansal Krishna, JJ., observed that Court cannot assume the duties of the Administrator or the Executive Committee to address the day-to-day grievances.
Condonation of Delay
Whether merely writing letters or making representations would give a sufficient cause or ground to a party to seek condonation of delay?
Stating that mere writing of a letter of representation cannot furnish an adequate explanation for the delay, Jyoti Singh, J., expressed that, it is a settled principle of law that in writ jurisdiction, the Court would not ordinarily assist those who are lethargic and indolent.
Once tenant starts paying rent, can he/she turn around and challenge title of landlord?
In a matter with regard to the grant of leave to defend, Subramonium Prasad, J., expressed that, the tenant cannot merely make allegations that the landlord has other premises without producing some material to substantiate the same.
Import without custom duty, lower Court issued summons order, but Delhi HC sets aside: Read 5 reasons why impugned order was bad in law
Chandra Dhari Singh, J., while setting aside the order of lower Court in a case concerning Customs Act, laid down five reasons why the impugned order was bad in law.
Whether right to claim maintenance under Domestic Violence Act and S. 125 CrPC are mutually exclusive?
Asha Menon, J., observed that, the right to claim maintenance under the Domestic Violence Act and those under Section 125 CrPC are not mutually exclusive i.e. the aggrieved person can seek interim maintenance before the Magistrate while also seeking permanent maintenance under Section 125 CrPC.
Gauhati High Court
Can a husband escape from his liability to pay maintenance to his wife by signing an agreement to the contrary?
While addressing a matter with regard to maintenance of wife, Rumi Kumari Phukan, J., expressed that, the statutory right of a wife of maintenance cannot be bartered, done away with or negatived by the husband by setting up an agreement to the contrary.
Gujarat High Court
If there is a delay in payment of gratuity, whether interest on delayed gratuity will be mandatory or discretionary?
Biren Vaishnav, J., reiterated that, interest on delayed payment of gratuity is mandatory and not discretionary
Admission of co-accused cannot be sole base to convict any person; application dismissed
B.N. Karia, J. rejected an application under Section 397 read with Section 401 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, wherein the applicant-State has requested to quash and set aside the order and stay the implementation of the said order till hearing and final disposal of the present application.
Motor Accident Claims Tribunal
Appeal dismissed on grounds of meagre amount; Order of Motor Accident Claims Tribunal upheld
Sandeep N. Bhatt, J. dismissed an appeal preferred by the Insurance Company being aggrieved and dissatisfied with the judgment and award passed by the Motor Accident Claims Tribunal by which the Tribunal has awarded Rs.65,200/- with 7.5% interest p.a. from the date of the claim petition.
Himachal Pradesh High Court
Section 125 CrPC
The findings in a proceeding under S. 125 CrPC cannot be binding on matrimonial Court while dealing with an application for divorce on the ground of res judicata
Tarlok Singh Chauhan, J. remarked, “there has been no matrimonial relationship between the parties for the last nearly two decades, which in itself establishes that the parties are not in a position to live together any longer.”
Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh High Court
Freedom of Speech and Expression
Statement that Kashmir is under occupation of armed forces and people of Kashmir reduced to slaves, will be protected under Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression?
Stating that, the intention of a person can be gathered from the words spoken or written or other expressions, Sanjay Dhar, J., expressed that,
Expression of outrage at the negligence and inhuman attitude of the security forces, police and establishment would come within the ambit of freedom of expression of an individual which includes freedom to criticize the Government of the day which is permissible under law but the same may not be the position if an individual questions the fact of a State being a part of the Country by using the expression ‘occupation of military or the people being slaves etc.
63-year-old woman aided her 65-year-old husband to commit rape on a minor girl: Can she be granted bail?
Sanjay Dhar, J., expressed that, in the cases involving offences of serious nature falling under IPC or POCSO Act, where the victim happens to be a minor child, the Court has to be alive to the need for protecting the victims and the witnesses and it is the duty of the Court to ensure that victim and witnesses, in such serious matters, are made to feel secure while deposing before the Court.
Karnataka High Court
Kar HC issues general directions in matters relating to compromise before the Lok Adalat which are challenged by way of writ petitions
Suraj Govindaraj, J., allowed the petition and quashed the compromise decree in the original suit filed before Principal Senior Civil Judge at Hubballi in the Lok-Adalat proceedings.
Whether Arbitration involving third parties leading to other proceedings would be arbitrable?
B.M. Shyam Prasad, J., held that there cannot be a complete adjudication of the petitioner’s rights unless the third parties are also heard.
Granting or non-granting interim maintenance is not punishing any litigant; Kar HC observes Proviso to S. 125 of CrPC provides discretion to court to order interim maintenance during pendency of proceedings
M Nagaprasanna, J., dismissed the petition and refused to grant prayer as the case is at a pre matured stage and is not the right time to post the matter for examination.
Juvenile Justice Act
In the absence of any declaration that the child is deserted by his biological or adoptive parents or guardians; no offence can be made out under S. 80 JJ Act
Hemant Chandangoudar, J., allowed the petition and quashed the impugned proceedings initiated against alleged offence under Section 80 of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015.
Work From Home
Work From Home under Maternity Benefit Act can be availed only if nature of work assigned to women is possible for them to work from home
Noting that the nature of work assigned to a woman cannot be carried from home, R Devdas, J., held that, as per Section 5(5) of the Maternity Benefits Act, 1961 work from home after availing the maternity benefit could be given only in a case where the nature of work assigned to the women is such that it is possible for her to work from home.
Industrial Disputes Act
Labour Court has no jurisdiction to first decide the workmen’s entitlement and then proceed to compute the benefit so adjudicated; Labour Court’s power like that of the Executing Court’s power
K.S. Mudagal, J., allowed the petition and set aside the impugned award awarding compensation as well as the silver medal allowance without considering the question of maintainability of the petition under Section 33C(2) of the I.D. Act.
Indian Nursing Council
No objection from the Indian Nursing Council is not required for the purpose of University granting recognition or approval for the GNM Course
P Krishna Bhat, J. disposed of the application with a direction to KSNC and State to consider the applications of petitioners which were filed in the year 2019 and take a final decision on the same.
Negotiable Instruments Act
A 138 NI complaint filed was barred by limitation but such issue was raised for the first time before the Appellate Court and not Trial Court
HP Sandesh J. dismissed the petition and upheld the judgment by the Appellate Court and further directed the complainant to file necessary application to condone the delay.
Teacher aged 55 years harassed a student on separate occasions, booked under POCSO, released on bail
H.P. Sandesh, J. allowed the petition and granted bail to the petitioner in connection with a crime registered in Magadi Police Station, Ramanagara District, for the offence punishable under Sections 8 and 12 of the POCSO Act.
Whether on coming into force of GST Act a Municipal Corporation can levy advertisement tax/fee?
The Court observed that in the entire transaction of GST, the petitioners are only a collecting agency who collects the GST payable on the service rendered and deposits the same with the authorities, the incidence of tax, i.e., GST being on the services rendered or goods supplied, the obligation of payment being on the person availing the service and or receiving the goods.
Kerala High Court
Person tries to commit suicide after being subjected to severe mental stress, which is a punishable offence: Is there any provision which can save her from penal provision?
Expressing that, Criminal prosecution followed by conviction and imposing substantive sentences and fines on those convicted of suicidal behaviours are believed to constitute an affront to human dignity, K. Haripal, J., pointed out that a large section of the society considers that suicidal behaviour is typically a symptom of psychiatric illness or an act of psychological distress, suggesting that the person requires assistance in his personal and psychological life, not punishment with imprisonment or fine.
Do employers have a responsibility to ensure that delivering and raising a child, shall not be detrimental to female officer’s career?
Addressing a matter wherein maternity benefits were not being allowed to female officers, Raja Vijayaraghavan V, JJ., expressed that the employer is to take all steps possible to ensure that they are sympathetic to the cause of the female officer so that she can achieve her potential in the workplace and the time spent by her to deliver and raise her child shall not be detrimental to her career or her prospects.
Persons who violate directions of Corporation, as mandated by law, against deposit of garbage into canals, shall be taken to task under fullest warrant of law
Expressing that, as much as this Court does not desire to control the management of the drains or the flood mitigating systems of the city on regular basis, it is forced to do so because of the large-scale inundation witnessed, Devan Ramachandran, J., held that it is necessary that citizens understand their duty to ensure that canals are fenced and maintained well and kept free of debris, which otherwise would challenge the lives of many other affected by the flooding.
Can low CIBIL Score of a co-borrower be a reason for denial of an education loan?
In a case wherein, due to low CIBIL Score education loan was denied, N. Nagaresh, J., directed for reconsideration of loan applications, disregarding the low Credit Score of the co-obligants.
Right of Press
Right of Press to report truthfully and faithfully | Press shall NOT indulge in sensationalism
Stating that, though the Press has a duty to inform the public, the Division Bench of Devan Ramachandran and Sophy Thomas, JJ., observed that, it is the well-accepted thumb rule that the Press shall not indulge in sensationalism; or in speculating upon the guilt or otherwise of any accused or other individual; or to create an opinion about the comportment or character of a person involved in the Trial; and not to embellish, by impelling or sponsoring an opinion they seek.
Promise to Marry
Whether promise to marry made to married women is legally enforceable?
In a bail matter,P.V. Kunhikrishnan, J., noted the position of law that, a promise to marry made to married women is not legally enforceable, the offence of rape is not attracted.
Can organisers of political rallies be responsible for provocative slogans raised by any of the participants during such rallies?
P.V. Kunhikrishnan, J., observed that, if a member of a rally raises provocative slogans, the persons who organize the rally is also responsible.
Madras High Court
Mother Nature is a living being having legal entity? Madras HC answers
Stating that the past generations have handed over the ‘Mother Earth’ to us in its pristine glory, S. Srimathy, J., expressed that it is the right time to declare/confer juristic status to the “Mother Nature”.
Right to Worship
Whether constitutional guarantee of freedom of religion enshrined in Art. 25(1) of the Constitution of India extends even to rites and ceremonies associated with a religion?
Expressing that, the right of worship guaranteed under the Constitution to be respected by all concerned and devotees cannot be denied their right to worship under any circumstances, S.M. Subramaniam, J., held that every devotee has got a right to enter into the temple and worship Lord Sri Varadaraja Perumal in the way he likes without affecting the rights of other devotees/worshippers and temple activities.
Negotiable Instruments Act
Obligation of Thumb Impression and Signature, both, for a Pro-Note under Negotiable Instruments Act: Mandatory or Not?
Teekaa Raman, J., observed that there is no mandatory provision under the Negotiable Instruments Act that both the signature and thumb impression has to be obtained for a pro-note and the lower Appellate Judge has totally misguided and misused the provision of the Negotiable Instruments Act, regarding the burden of proof and not even followed basic rudimentary of Section 20 of the Negotiable instruments Act.
Can appointments be claimed as a matter of absolute right?
S.M. Subramaniam, J., observed that, equal opportunities in public employment is the Constitutional mandate.
Madhya Pradesh High Court
Illicit deduction of amount from the retiral dues; Directions issued to refund the amount
Sushrut Arvind Dharmadhikari, J. allowed a writ petition which was filed assailing the legality, validity and propriety of the order dated 1-8-2018 whereby the excess amount of Rs.81,239/- has been sought to be recovered from the gratuity payable to him.
Section 311 CrPC
Permission to change statement before Court would be dangerous for legal system and it may be also misused of S. 311 of CrPC; application for restatement after 2 years dismissed
Anil Verma, J. dismissed a criminal revision filed against the impugned order whereby an application preferred by the applicant/prosecutrix under Section 311 of CrPC was been dismissed.
Application under S. 151 of CPC maintainable despite the fact that order allowing the application under Or. 7 R. 11 of CPC is appealable; Trial Court directed to restore civil suit
Dwarka Dhish Bansal, J. allowed a civil revision under Section 115 of CPC against the order rejecting the application filed under Section 151 of CPC holding that the same was not maintainable.
Not entitled to keep the amount of compensation paid to the State government in the event of a false rape case; Court allows bail
Vivek Agarwal, J. deciding a second bail application filed by the applicant in connection with Crime under Sections 376, 376(2)(N), 506 of IPC and Sections 3,4,5J(ii), 5L POCSO Act and Sections 3(1)(w)(II), 3(1)(w)(II), 3(II)(V) of SC/ST Act directed the Trial Court to ask the prosecutrix to refund the compensation amount paid by the State.
Major Couple entitled to police protection in event of any future threats from parents; Permission granted to approach police commissioner directly
Vivek Rusia, J. decided on a petition which was filed seeking police protection.
Termination of Pregnancy
Victim of rape allowed to terminate 13-week pregnancy; Direction issued to District Hospital for immediate action
Vivek Rusia, J. allowed an appeal which was filed seeking permission/ direction for termination of pregnancy.
Principles of Natural Justice
Order by Trial Court violative of principles of natural justice; IO to be given opportunity to be heard
Atul Sreedharan, J. allowed a petition which was filed aggrieved by the order where after deciding a criminal case, the Additional Sessions Judge passed an order asking the Superintendent of Police to take action against the petitioner, who was the Investigating Officer of the case.
Meghalaya High Court
Piling up Garbage
With serious menace of garbage piling up in one of the major towns, State administration seeks only to play the fiddle; matter receives the urgent attention at the highest quarters
The Division Bench of Sanjib Banerjee, CJ. and W. Diengdoh, J. took up a petition on a matter pertaining to the piling-up of garbage in the town of Jowai. The petition was filed on 12-04-2022 complaining of household waste and general garbage not being collected in the Jowai urban township area from 04-02-2022. The Court had served the respondents served immediately and informed that the matter will appear a week hence for a preliminary hearing and appropriate directions on 20-04-2022.
Orissa High Court
Exercise of power involving Application under Or. 1 R. 10 of CPC is completely different from Exercise of Power under Or. 21 Rules 97, 99 & 101 of CPC; Scope of latter is much wider
“…there exist two decrees passed by two different courts at the instance of third party and the other at the instance of the Plaintiff- Petitioner involved here in the Execution Proceeding.”
Section 37 IT Act
The reasonableness of the expenditure had to be adjudged from the point of view of the businessman; Applied the test of commercial expediency
A Division Bench of S. Muralidhar CJ and R. K. Pattanaik J. dismissed the appeal filed by the assessee and upheld AO’s decision to disallow part of the payment towards commission.
Any person selling article or food without a license would be punishable under S. 16 (I)(a)(ii) PFA Act as per S. 7(iii) PFA Act
Muralidhar CJ dismissed the revision petition and set aside the conviction decision of the Trial Court which was later affirmed by the Appellate Court.
Proceedings of the High Court cannot be held hostage to the whims of the investigating agency; granted bail to a CCL
V Narasingh, J. disposed of the bail application and restrained the Court to not grant any further adjournments and released the petitioner on bail.
Industrial Disputes Act
It is not mandatory for Central Government to make a reference to a dispute which is of national importance to a National Tribunal in view of S. 7-B r/w S 10 (1-A) ID Act
A Division Bench of S. Muralidhar, CJ and R.K. Pattanaik J. dismissed the petition and upheld the judgment by CGIT, Bhubaneshwar declining the prayer of the Petitioner as regards the maintainability of the dispute before it.
It is only when a purchase order is placed that a ‘contract’ would be entered into and only then arbitration clause would become part thereof
Muralidhar, CJ. dismissed the petition, declined the appointment of arbitrator and left it open to the petitioners to avail other remedies as may be available to them in accordance with law.
Patna High Court
Negotiable Instruments Act
Can an order of interim compensation under S. 143-A NI Act, be enforced as ‘public demand’ under Bihar & Orissa Public Demands Recovery Act, 1914?
The Division Bench of Sanjay Karol, CJ and S. Kumar J., held that an order of payment of interim compensation under the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 can be enforced under the Bihar & Orissa Public Demands Recovery Act, 1914 as ‘public demand’.
Punjab and Haryana High Court
Protection of Life and Liberty
State’s respect for individual independent choices has to be held high
“Courts’ responsibility to uphold the principles of constitutional morality, there exists a parallel duty to not infringe upon the personal relationship between two free willed adults.”
Abetment of Suicide
Abetment of suicide by wife and mother-in-law of deceased?
Vikas Bahl, J., granted bail to mother-in-law and wife alleged to have incited husband to commit suicide.
If a person is aged below 58 years, Can Maintenance Tribunal invoke jurisdiction under the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizen Act?
Arun Monga, J., held that the Maintenance Tribunal has no jurisdiction under the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizen Act, 2007 if a person is aged below 58 years old.
If a husband stops talking to the wife, would that cause mental cruelty?
In a matter with regard to mental cruelty, the Division Bench of Ritu Bahri and Ashok Kumar Verma, JJ., observed that, even if the husband and wife were staying together and the husband stopped talking to the wife, it would cause mental cruelty and a spouse staying away by sending vulgar and defamatory letters or notices by initiating a number of judicial proceedings could make the life of other spouse miserable.
Can an act of dissent be labeled as sedition?
Expressing that, in a democratic set-up, there always would be voices of dissent and opinions against rules and protest against actions, Vinod S. Bhardwaj, J., observed that, some protests may have aggression but still an act of dissent would not be ordinarily labeled as sedition.
Rajasthan High Court
Writ Petition not maintainable due to having an alternative and efficacious remedy under S. 17 of the SARFAESI Act
Mahendar Kumar Goyal, J. dismissed the writ petition in view of availability of alternative remedy to the petitioners under the provisions of the SARFAESI Act.
Sikkim High Court
Penetrative Sexual Assault
Trial Courts should exhibit sensitivity to the plight of a child victim but they cannot go overboard and stonewall steps that are mandatory to be complied with when analysing and interpreting evidence given by witnesses; Sentence of rape accused modified
The Division Bench of Meenakshi Madan Rai and Bhaskar Rai Pradhan, JJ. partly allowed an appeal which was filed by the appellant who aged about 40 years, was accused of having committed the offence of aggravated penetrative sexual assault, as defined under Section 5(m) of the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012, on the victim, aged about 10 years. Trial Court on consideration of the evidence on record convicted the Appellant of the offence under Section 5(m) punishable under Section 6 of the POCSO Act, 2012 by the impugned Judgment and Order on Sentence, both dated 11- 11-2020, and sentenced him to undergo rigorous imprisonment for a term of 40 years and to pay fine of Rs 30,000/- (Rupees thirty thousand) only, with a default clause of imprisonment of 5 years.
Telangana High Court
Tel HC remarks several writ petitions are filed complaining about police negligence and delays during investigation; Such issues cannot be decided by invoking jurisdiction under Art. 226 of the Constitution
“…The appropriate and efficacious remedy available to the petitioner, if she is aggrieved by the action/inaction of the Investigating Officer is to file a private complaint against the said officer before the competent Court.”
Contempt of Court
‘slap- say sorry-forget cannot be accepted’; An apology can neither be a defence nor a justification for an act which tantamount to Contempt of Court
A Division Bench of P Naveen Rao and M G Priyadarshini, JJ. dismissed the petition and held that contempt has taken place and no apology must be given.
Uttaranchal High Court
Minor contradictions or insignificant discrepancies in the statement of a prosecutrix should not be a ground for throwing out an otherwise reliable prosecution case; appeal dismissed in POCSO matter
Ramesh Chandra Khulbe, J. dismissed a criminal appeal which was filed from jail assailing the judgment and order whereby the Trial Court had convicted and sentenced the appellant on the counts of Sections 376, 377, 506 Penal Code and Section 6 of POCSO Act.
Juvenile Justice Act
Child in conflict with law cannot be allowed anticipatory bail as JJ Act does not make any provision for the same; Application dismissed
Ravindra Maithani, J. dismissed an application for anticipatory bail in regards to an ongoing trial under Sections 376, 323, 504, and 506 Penal Code, 1860. The previous anticipatory bail application of the applicant had been rejected by the Fast Track Court/Special Judge, POCSO/Additional Sessions Judge, Dehradun on the ground that since the applicant is a child in conflict with the law (“CIL”) and the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 (“the Act”) does not make any provision for anticipatory bail, the application cannot be allowed.
Adequate opportunity of filing counter-affidavit should be afforded to State; intra-Court appeal allowed
The Division Bench of S.K. Mishra, ACJ and A.K. Verma, J. allowed an intra-Court appeal wherein the State has assailed the order passed by the Single Judge whereby the Writ Petition of the writ petitioners-respondents herein was allowed supposedly on the concession made by the government pleader.