Justice Manoj Misra

Born on 02-06-1965, Justice Manoj Misra graduated with a law degree from the University of Allahabad in 1988. He was enrolled with the Bar Council on 12-12-1988 and dealt in matters related to Civil, Revenue, Criminal and Constitutional sides at High Court of Judicature at Allahabad.1


After 23 years of practice, Justice Misra was appointed as an Additional Judge of the High Court of Judicature at Allahabad on 21-11-2011. Two years later, on 06-08-2013, he was appointed as a Permanent Judge of the High Court of Judicature at Allahabad.2 Justice Manoj Misra was elevated as a Judge of the Supreme Court on 06-02-2023.3 He is due to retire on 01-06-2030.

Important Judgments by Justice Manoj Misra

Some of his prominent Supreme Court and High Court judgments are discussed below.

Supreme Court

In Sk. Noorul Hassan v. Nahakpam Indrajit Singh,4 an appeal against the High Court of Manipur’ order granting leave to the respondent to file a replication in answer to the new facts asserted in the written statement filed by the returned candidate, the appellant, a three-judge bench comprising of Dr D.Y. Chandrachud, C.J. and J.B. Pardiwala and Manoj Misra,* JJ., denied appellant’s appeal and affirmed the High Court’s decision permitting the election petitioner to submit a replication in response to the new information presented in the returning candidate’s written statement.

“The replication does not seek to incorporate any new material facts or a new cause of action to question the election. It only seeks to explain the averments made in the written statement. Thus, in our view, leave to file replication was justified and well within the discretionary jurisdiction of the High Court.”

In Union of India v. Santosh Kumar Tiwari,5 an appeal against the judgment and order of the Division Bench of Orissa High Court, wherein the Court upheld the Single Judge order, allowed the petition of the accused on the ground that the punishment of compulsory retirement was not one of the punishments specified in Section 11 (1) of the Central Reserve Police Force Act, a three-judge bench comprising of Dr. DY Chandrachud, CJI, JB Pardiwala and Manoj Misra*, JJ. has held that the punishment of compulsory retirement prescribed by Rule 27 of the CRPF Rules is intra vires the CRPF Act and is one of the imposable punishments.

“It cannot be gainsaid that compulsory retirement is a well-accepted method of removing dead wood from the cadre without affecting his entitlement for retirement benefits, if otherwise payable. It is another form of terminating the service without affecting retirement benefits. Ordinarily, compulsory retirement is not considered a punishment. But if the service rules permit it to be imposed by way of a punishment, subject to an enquiry, so be it.” Read More…

In Greater Noida Industrial Development Authority v. Prabhjit Singh Soni, 6 a three-judge bench comprising of Dr. DY Chandrachud, CJI, JB Pardiwala and Manoj Misra*, recognised Greater Noida Industrial Development Authority as a secured operational creditor, on the strength of security created by operation of Sections 13, 13-A and 14 of the U.P. Industrial Area Development Act, 19762 (UPIDA). Read More…

In Bhaskar Raju & Brothers v. Dharmaratnakara Rai Bahadur Arcot Narainswamy Mudaliar Chattram and Other Charities.,7 a 7-Judge bench comprising of Dr. DY Chandrachud, C.J., SK Kaul, Sanjiv Khanna, BR Gavai, Surya Kant, JB Pardiwala, and Manoj Misra, JJ., is set to hear the judgment relating to unstamped arbitration agreements. Read More…

In Sita Soren v. Union of India,8 a 7-Judge Bench comprising of Dr. DY Chandrachud, CJI*, AS Bopanna, MM Sundresh, Pamidighantam Sri Narasimha, JB Pardiwala, Sanjay Kumar and Manoj Misra, JJ. overturned the 5-Judge Bench 1998 verdict in P.V. Narasimha Rao v. State (CBI/SPE),9 wherein it was established that the Member of Parliaments (‘MP’) and Member of Legislative Assemblies (‘MLA’) enjoyed immunity if they cast vote in the House after taking bribe for it. Read More…

Following the decisions in N.N. Global Mercantile (P) Ltd. v. Indo Unique Flame Ltd. (N.N. Global I)10 and N.N. Global Mercantile (P) Ltd. v. Indo Unique Flame Ltd. (N.N. Global II),11 a 7-judges bench comprising of Dr D.Y. Chandrachud, C.J. and Sanjay Kishan Kaul, B.R. Gavai, Surya Kant, J.B. Pardiwala, Manoj Misra and Sanjiv Khanna, JJ., was called upon in Interplay between Arbitration Agreements under the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 and the Indian Stamp Act, 1899, In re (N.N. Global III)12 to resolve a pressing issue that arose in the context of three statutes i.e. the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 (Arbitration Act), the Stamp Act, 1899 (Stamp Act), and the Contract Act, 1872 (Contract Act). The Court held that

  1. Agreements lacking proper stamping, or with inadequate stamping, are deemed inadmissible in evidence as per Section 35 of the Stamp Act. However, such agreements are not automatically void, void ab initio, or unenforceable.

  2. Non-stamping or insufficient stamping is a rectifiable/curable flaw.

  3. Challenges related to stamping do not fall within the purview of determinations under Section 8 or Section 11 of the Arbitration Act. The referral court should only assess the prima facie existence of the arbitration agreement.

  4. Objections regarding the stamping of the agreement fall under the jurisdiction of the Arbitral Tribunal.

  5. The rulings in N.N. Global — II (Supra) and in SMS Tea Estates13 are overturned. To that extent, the content in paras 22 and 29 of Garware Wall Ropes,14 are also overruled. Read More…

In Ankita Thakur v. H.P. Staff Selection Commission,15 a bunch of appeals challenging the judgment and order passed by Himachal Pradesh High Court regarding recruitment to the post of Junior Office Assistant, a Class III (Non-gazetted) post, a Division Bench comprising of Hrishikesh Roy and Manoj Misra,* JJ., set aside the impugned judgment and order stating that the essential qualifications advertised in accordance with the applicable Rules could not be relaxed by the Government after last date of applications, while the same was not even publicized giving applicants the due opportunity. Read More…

In Urban Improvement Trust v. Gordhan Dass,16 a matter where the landowner-purchaser of suit land (which was agricultural land) not having mutated the land in their name but being in possession and having only converted a part of the land to nonagricultural use, a Division Bench comprising of Hrishikesh Roy* and Manoj Misra,* JJ., while deciding whether the landowner entitled to procedural safeguards of notice and compensation prior to dispossession (as provided under S. 52 of the 1959 Act) and such procedural safeguards whether mandatory in nature; in view of disagreement at the Bench, matter referred to larger Bench.

In RPSF v. Bhavnaben Dinshbhai Bhabhor,17 an appeal against judgment and order passed by Gujarat High Court dismissing appeal under Section 30 of Employees Compensation Act, 1923 (‘1923 Act’) against order passed by Workmen Compensation Commissioner, the Division Bench of B.V. Nagarathna and Manoj Misra,* JJ., upheld the maintainability of claim of compensation of Railway Protection Special Force (‘RPF’) Constable disputed to be part of the Armed Forces of the Union. Read More…

In Sunil v. State (NCT of Delhi),18 appeals challenging judgment and order passed by Delhi High Court affirming Trial Court’s order of conviction and sentence of the appellants under Sections 302, 307 and 34 of the IPC against 4 of the appellants, the Division Bench of Hrishikesh Roy and Manoj Misra*, JJ., partly allowed the appeal, being convinced that the appellants may not be regarded to have common intention for offence under Section 302, but upheld conviction under Section 307 read with Section 34. Read More…

In Bloomberg Television Production India (P) Ltd. v. Zee Entertainment Enterprises Ltd.,19 a special leave to appeal against the decision of the Delhi High Court upholding the interim order of the ADJ, South Saket Courts directing the Bloomberg Television Production India Private Limited (‘Bloomberg’) to take down an article dated 21-02-2024 allegedly against the Zee Entertainment Enterprises Limited (‘Zee’), the three Judge Bench comprising of Dr. DY Chandrachud, CJI, JB Pardiwala and Manoj Misra, JJ., allowed the appeal and set aside the impugned orders. Read More…

In Union of India v. Jogeshwar Swain,20 twin appeals challenging judgment and order passed by Delhi High Court in Jogeswar Swain v. Union of India, 2013 SCC OnLine Del 754, setting aside the respondent’s dismissal and directing his entitlement to full consequential benefits except salary to the extent of 50%, and another order dated 22-11-2013 dismissing review petition of the said judgment, the Division Bench of JB Pardiwala and Manoj Misra*, JJ. upheld the High Court’s decision while explaining the importance of strict adherence with Rule 142(2) of BSF Rules, 1969. Read More…

In Ravi Mandal v. State of Uttarakhand,21 a set of two criminal appeals against the Judgment and Order of High Court of Uttarakhand, wherein the conviction and sentence under Section 302 read with Section 34 of the Penal Code, 1860 (‘IPC’) awarded to the appellants/convicts was affirmed, the Division Bench of Hrishikesh Roy and Manoj Misra,* JJ., allowed the convicts appeals and set aside their conviction. Read More…

In Rajkumar Hariram Gameti v. State of Gujarat,22 a criminal appeal against Gujarat High Court’s decision, whereby the convict’s appeal against the Trial Court’s decision, holding the convict guilty of the offences punishable under Sections 8(c), 21(c) read with Section 29 of the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 (‘the NDPS Act’), was dismissed, the Division Bench comprising of JB Pardiwala and Manoj Misra, JJ., allowed the appeal and quashed the impugned orders.

The Court said that the prevailing position of law had changed, and any confessional statement made by an accused to an officer invested with the powers under Section 53 of the NDPS Act, is barred because such officers are ‘police officers’ within the meaning of Section 25 of the Evidence Act. A statement made by an accused and recorded under Section 67 of the NDPS Act cannot be used as a confessional statement in the trial of an offence under the NDPS Act. Read More…

In Cox and Kings Ltd. v. SAP India (P) Ltd.,23 a 5-Judge Bench comprising of Dr. D.Y. Chandrachud C.J., Hrishikesh Roy, Pamidighantam Sri Narasimha, J.B. Pardiwala and Manoj Misra JJ., considered the existence of Doctrine of Group of Companies in Indian jurisprudence vis-à-vis Arbitration Act. The issue in hand is that if parties who did not sign an arbitration agreement can be made parties to arbitration proceedings. Read More…

In Mohd. Arif v. Enforcement Directorate,24 the full bench of Sanjay Kishan Kaul, Manoj Misra and Aravind Kumar JJ., granted interim bail to the petitioner while noting that the petitioner had almost served 50% of the sentence, the wife had passed away because of cancer and there was a child from the marriage. Read More…

In BLS Infrastructure Ltd. v. Rajwant Singh,25 a Division Bench comprising of Sudhanshu Dhulia and Manoj Misra,* JJ., while deciding a matter related to dismissal of complaint for non-appearance of complainant, held that the Magistrate was not justified in straight away dismissing complaints and ordering acquittal of accused on mere non-appearance of complainant where complainant’s statement had been recorded. The Court further explained the principles related to applicability of the proviso of S. 256(1) of the CrPC.

In Ravi Mandal v. State of Uttarakhand,26 a 22 year old murder case, a Division bench constituting of Hrishikesh Roy and Manoj Misra*, JJ., acquitted the two persons convicted under Ss. 302, 34 and 201 of the IPC and Ss. 4 and 25 of Arms Act, on the ground that the prosecution failed to prove beyond reasonable doubt that the deceased as last seen alive in the company of the accused near the spot at the relevant time and held that “Courts below failed to properly evaluate and test the evidence”.

In Santhakumari v. State of T.N.,27 a Division bench comprising of Hrishikesh Roy and Manoj Misra*, JJ., held that a proposed accused has a right to be heard in Revisional proceedings under S. 401 of the CrPC which is filed against the dismissal of the petition under S. 156(3) of the CrPC and remitted back the matter to the High Court so that the same can be decided afresh and in accordance with law.

While upholding the Gujarat High Court’s Order directing the accused to give voice samples to the police, a Division Bench comprising of Hrishikesh Roy and Manoj Misra*, JJ., in Pravinsinh Nrupatsinh Chauhan v. State of Gujarat,28 reiterated that a Magistrate can direct for the collection of voice samples of the accused.

“…until explicit provisions are engrafted in the Code of Criminal Procedure by Parliament, a Judicial Magistrate must be conceded the power to order a person to give a sample of his voice for the purpose of investigation of a crime. Such power has to be conferred on a Magistrate by a process of judicial interpretation and in exercise of jurisdiction vested in this Court under Article 142 of the Constitution of India.”

While setting aside the conviction of the accused and acquittal of the co-accused in a 23 year old Murder case, a 3-judge bench consisting of Sanjay Kishan Kaul, Manoj Misra* and Aravind Kumar, JJ., in Santosh v. State (NCT of Delhi),29 held that the prosecution has failed to prove the chain of incriminating circumstances as to conclusively prove the guilt of the accused persons. The Court remarked that

“…it is a case where the prosecution failed to elevate its case from the realm of “may be true” to the plane of “must be true” as is indispensably required for conviction on a criminal charge.”

In State of M.P. v. Phoolchand Rathore,30 a 3-judge bench consisting of Sanjay Kishan Kaul, Manoj Misra* and Aravind Kumar, JJ., upheld the Madhya Pradesh High Court’s order of acquittal of the death row convict for the alleged murder of his wife on the grounds that the prosecution has failed to prove the circumstances beyond reasonable doubt in terms of (a) Motive; (b) Disclosure Statement and Recovery; (c) Extra Judicial Confession; and (d) Accused taking the deceased with him and soon thereafter the deceased was found in an injured state.

In Kunnel Engineers & Contractors (P) Ltd. v. New India Assurance Co. Ltd.,31 a matter related to payment of interest on compensation where there is a contractual exception for the insurer on payment of interest, the Court observed that “When parties have agreed upon the terms of the insurance contract, the Court cannot interpret the clauses in the contract, by adverting to equity principles.” The Court opined that the liability of the insurance company does not fall under the Employees Compensation Act, 1923 and the same is governed only by the terms of the contract.

While setting aside the decree of eviction in Shanti Prasad v. Thakur Dass,32 a Division Bench comprising of Manoj Misra and Aravind Kumar, JJ., held that the appellant/tenant is entitled to the benefit of S. 20(4) of the Uttar Pradesh Urban Buildings (Regulation of Letting, Rent and Eviction) Act, 1972 and cannot be denied the same only on the ground that the plea taken by him with regard to the rate of rent was found incorrect.

Allahabad High Court

In Kishan Kumar v. State of U.P.,33 a Division Bench comprising of Manoj Misra and Virendra Kumar Srivastava, JJ., held that the date of birth in Aadhaar Card is not conclusive evidence. The Court clarified that no protection shall be given, and the investigating agency shall be free to take all steps to bring the investigation to its logical conclusion if the victim is not produced by the date fixed. Read More…

In Prabhunath Tiwari v. State of U.P.,34 Manoj Misra, J. held that the Revisional power of the High Court against the order passed under S. 29 of the Domestic Violence Act is “intact and unaffected”. The Court remarked that the supervisory power of the High Court “has not been excluded expressly or impliedly” by the Act, therefore, the Sessions Court was subject to the revisionary power of the High Court.

In Ram Pratap v. State of U.P.,35 the Division bench of Manoj Misra and Sameer Jain, JJ., held that an accused cannot be held guilty merely on account of motive and abscondence even though it may give rise to strong suspicion.

“Merely on the basis of motive and abscondence, though it may give rise to strong suspicion, the accused cannot be held guilty.”

In Bhanu Pratap Singh v. State of U.P.,36 a Division Bench comprising of Manoj Misra and Rohit Ranjan Agarwal, JJ., opined that the court cannot presume the consent of wife simply because she was present at the time of adoption. The wife’s silence or lack of protest on her part also cannot give rise to an inference that she had consented to the adoption.

While expressing its dissatisfaction over the manner in which the officers of the State are progressing on serious issues pertaining to infrastructure and functioning of courts in the State of Uttar Pradesh, a full bench of Munishwar Nath Bhandari, ACJ., Naheed Ara Moonis, Manoj Misra, Sunita Agarwal, Surya Prakash Kesarwani, Manoj Kumar Gupta and Anjani Kumar Mishra, JJ., in Zila Adhivakta Sangh Allahabad, In re37 directed the District Judges to co-ordinate with the District Magistrates to identify land that can be made available for the construction of the Courts and residential buildings for the Subordinate Courts. The Court also stressed the issue of the unavailability of adequate infrastructure to the POCSO courts in the state.

“The District Magistrates being the Custodian of the records of the districts are required to identify the lands at the local level for their allotment to the Subordinate Courts both for the Court complexes and residential accommodations for the judicial officers.”

In Ram Kishore v. State of U.P.,38 a Division Bench comprising of Manoj Misra and Syed Aftab Husain Rizvi, JJ., remarked that the provisions of S. 106 of the Evidence Act cannot be invoked to place the onus of explaining how the deceased died in presence of the murder suspect because there is insufficient proof that he was there at home with the victim at the relevant time.

While dismissing a PIL challenging the ‘Sugam Darshan’ system in Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple, which provides priority ‘darshan’ on payment of certain amount of money, a Division bench comprising of Manoj Misra and Sameer Jain, JJ., in Gajendra Singh Yadav v. State of U.P.,39 observed that the decision of the Board of Trustees of providing for a Sugam Darshan system does not fall within the ambit of judicial review.

“…once the Board of Trustees are vested with the power to fix fees for the performance of any worship, service, rituals, ceremony or religious observance in the temple and in exercise of such power, they take a decision to provide a facility of ‘SUGAM DARSHAN’ for those who, on account of their disability, be it physical or otherwise, cannot wait in a queue and, while taking such decision, they do not exclude the common class from exercising their right of worship or perform Puja as per religious practices, in our view, the decision of the Board of Trustees does not fall within the ambit of judicial review.”

In Mukut Nath Verma v. State of U.P.,40 a habeas corpus writ petition seeking production an IPS officer claiming that he has been missing since November 2020, a Division bench comprising of Manoj Misra and Sameer Jain, JJ., while expressing serious concern over the fact that an IPS officer who was implicated in a case of extortion and suicide abetment has gone missing for months, directed the Investigation agency dealing with the investigation of the cases pending against Mani Lal Patidar to file an affidavit in reply to the petition.

While deciding Missing of an LLM Student at Swami Shukdevanand Law College, In re,41 an application moved by the Shahjahanpur law student, alleging bias on the part of SIT who is investigation a rape and extortion case against the former Union Minister and BJP leader, Swami Chinmayanand, a Division Bench comprising of Manoj Misra and Deepak Verma, JJ., rejected the application and opined that it would not mean that the investigation is tainted or was biased, merely because press conferences were held by the investigation team. The Court held that the investigating agency has duly investigated all aspects and after thorough investigation has submitted a police report under S. 173(2) CrPC in both the cases.

In Govind Enterprises v. State of U.P.,42 a Division Bench comprising of Manoj Misra and Suresh Kumar Gupta, JJ., upheld a First Information Report (FIR) against GST evaders under the CrPC as the prima facie, the necessary ingredients of an offence of cheating, by submitting false information and documents, are clearly spelt out. The Court refused to stay the arrest for GST evasion.

*Judge who has penned the judgment.

1. Justice Manoj Misra, High Court of Judicature at Allahabad.

2. Hon’ble Mr. Justice Manoj Misra, Supreme Court of India

3. Orders of appointment of Shri Justice Manoj Misra, Judge, Allahabad High Court as a Judge of the Supreme Court of India, Department of Justice

4. 2024 SCC OnLine SC 844

5. 2024 SCC OnLine SC 845

6. 2024 SCC OnLine SC 122

7. 2023 SCC OnLine SC 1748

8. 2024 SCC OnLine SC 229

9. (1998) 4 SCC 626

10. (2021) 4 SCC 379

11. (2023) 7 SCC 1

12. 2023 SCC OnLine SC 1666

13. (2011) 14 SCC 66

14. (2019) 9 SCC 209

15. 2023 SCC OnLine SC 1472

16. (2024) 3 SCC 250

17. 2023 SCC OnLine SC 1218

18. 2023 SCC OnLine SC 1203

19. 2024 SCC OnLine SC 426

20. (2023) 9 SCC 720

21. 2023 SCC OnLine SC 651

22. 2024 SCC OnLine SC 572

23. Arbitration Petition 38 of 2020, order dated 23-03-2023

24. Special Leave Petition (Criminal) 5709 of 2022, order dated 13-02-2023

25. (2023) 4 SCC 326

26. 2023 SCC OnLine SC 651

27. 2023 SCC OnLine SC 732

28. 2023 SCC OnLine SC 733

29. 2023 SCC OnLine SC 538

30. 2023 SCC OnLine SC 537

31. 2023 SCC OnLine SC 674

32. (2023) 6 SCC 612

33. 2019 SCC OnLine All 4337

34. 2012 SCC Online All 317

35. 2022 SCC OnLine All 460

36. 2021 SCC OnLine All 220

37. 2021 SCC OnLine All 1102

38. Criminal Appeal No. 1443 of 2018, order dated 18-07-2022

39. 2021 SCC OnLine All 1103

40. 2021 SCC OnLine All 1101

41. Criminal Misc. Writ Petition No. 21181 of 2019, order dated 30-04-2020

42. 2019 SCC OnLine All 7185

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