Economically Weaker Section (EWS) | Reservation for EWSs in direct recruitment in civil posts and services in Government of India

Following instructions are issued in consultation ‘with’ Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment and Department of Legal Affairs regarding reservation for EWSs not covered under the reservation scheme for SCs/STs/OBCs in respect of direct recruitment in civil posts and services in’ the Government of India.

Quantum of Reservation

The persons belonging to EWSs who, are not covered under the scheme of reservation for SCs, STs and OBCs shall get 10% reservation in direct recruitment in civil posts and services in the Government of India.

Exemption from Reservation

“Scientific and Technical” posts which satisfy the conditions mentioned shall be exempted.

Criteria for Income & Assets

Persons who are not covered under the scheme of reservation for SCs, STs and OBCs and whose family has a gross annual income below Rs 8 lakh (Rupees eight lakh only) are to be identified as EWSs for benefit of reservation. Income shall also include income from all sources i.e. salary, agriculture, business, profession, etc. for the financial year prior to the year of application.

Also, persons whose family owns or possesses any of the following assets shall be excluded from being identified as EWS, irrespective of the family income:-

  1. 5 acres of agricultural land and above;
  2. Residential at of 1000 sq ft. and above;
  3. Residential plot of 100 sq. yards and above in notified municipalities;
  4. Residential, plot of 200 sq. yards and above in areas other than the notified municipalities.

Income and Asset Certificate Issuing Authority and Verification of Certificate

Benefit of reservation under EWS can be availed upon production of an Income and Asset Certificate issued by a Competent Authority. The Income and Asset Certificate issued ‘by any one of the following authorities in the prescribed format as given in Annexure-I shall only be accepted as proof of candidate’s claim as ‘belonging to EWS.

 Effecting Reservation – Maintenance of Rosters

Department of Personnel and Training had circulated Office Memorandum No.36012/2/96-Estt(Res) dated July 2, 1997, regarding the implementation of post based reservation roster. The general principles for making and operating post based reservation roster would be as per the principles laid down in the said Office Memorandum.

Adjustment Against Unreserved Vacancies

A person belonging to EWS cannot be denied the right to compete for appointment against an unreserved vacancy. Persons belonging to EWS who are selected on the basis of merit and not on account of reservation are not to be counted towards the quota meant for reservation.

Fortnightly/Annual Reports Regarding Representation of EWS

The Ministries/Departments shall send single consolidated fortnightly report including their attached/subordinate offices beginning from 15.2.2019 as per format at Annexure-VL -. From 01.01.2020, the Ministries/Departments shall upload data on the representation of EWSs in respect of posts/services under the Central Government on the URL i.e. www.rrcps.nic.inas on 1st January of every year. All Ministries/Departments have already been provided respective user code and password with guidelines for operating the URL.

Maintenance of Register of Complaints by the Government Establishment

Every Government establishment shall appoint a senior officer of the Department as the Grievance Redressal Officer.

Liaison Officer

Ministries/Departments/Attached and Subordinate Offices shall appoint Liaison Officer to monitor the implementation of reservation for EWSs.

The above scheme of the reservation will be effective in respect of all direct recruitment vacancies to be notified on or after 01.02.2019.

All the Ministries/Departments are requested to bring the above instructions to the notice of all appointing authorities, under their control. In case of any difficulty with regard to the implementation of the provisions of this OM, the concerned authorities may consult DOP&T through their administrative Ministry/Department.

Detailed Notification available here: Notification

Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions

[Office Memorandum dt. 31-01-2019]


  • How can I get EWS certificate in uttarakhand. I went to tehsil in dehradun but they said it is not implemented yet but I checked in news CM of uttarakhand Trivendra Rawat Ji already implemented in the state.

    Please guide me to get my EWS certificate

  • Sir I have An Income Certificate Of My Father As I M studnet Now n Don’t Have A job now So It’s Considered as EWS certificate N i belong to Madhya Pradesh

  • Hi,

    Can anyone suggest me from where I can obtain ECW certificate in the state of Telangana?

  • Where we have to apply this certificate either MRO office or meet seva?

  • Very glad that at last the voice of Economically Poor people have been heard and this will help the economically poor people in Other Category section. But necessary certificates have yet to be issued regarding the E.W.S. and necessary guidelines may kindly be issued immediately to all States/UTs.

    • Respected sir my district authority still not issued it to me. I m belong jammu and kashmir state. District kulgam.. Plzz help me wat can I do

  • very goood

  • sir, will there be age relaxation under this reservation?

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