Legislation UpdatesRules & Regulations

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Tribunal declares “Sikhs For Justice” as an “Unlawful Association”.

The Tribunal under sub-section (3) of Section 4 of the Act is required to decide whether or not there is sufficient cause for declaring the Association to be unlawful, based on the material placed before it.

It has been stated that the respondent claims to be an advocacy group based in New York, USA and also maintains its offices in Canada and the UK. Their modules and activities in India are being operated by their foreign-based handlers, for which reliance is placed on the FIRs registered in India. The respondent Association is claimed to be propagating Referendum 2020 on social media as well as on-ground and has also launched the website www.referendum2020.org which is replete with pro-Khalistani posts and anti-India insinuations. The website propagates the right of self-determination under International Law for the people of Punjab.

The activities of the association have been highlighted and the cumulative result of their acts are stated to be an effort to undermine the territorial integrity of India while inciting disaffection amongst the Sikh community towards the Indian government and the Indian State.

It is clear that the unlawful activities of the respondent Association are disruptive in character and threaten the sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of India. 

Evidence brought on record also proves that the respondent Association is working in collusion with anti-India entities and forces to fulfill their objectives by indulging in unlawful activities. Thus, the Central Government had ‘sufficient cause’ to take action under Sections 3(1) and 3(3) of the Act for declaring Sikhs For Justice as an ‘unlawful association’.

+ Please refer to the Order for the above here: Order

Legislation UpdatesNotifications

S.O. 2856(E)—Whereas Sikhs For Justice (SFJ) has been declared as an unlawful association, vide, notification number S.O. 2469 (E) dated 10th July, 2019 published in the Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II, Section 3, Sub-section (ii);

Now, therefore, in exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of Section 5 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 (37 of 1967), the Central Government hereby constitutes an Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Tribunal consisting of Mr. Justice D.N. Patel, Chief Justice, High Court of Delhi, for the purpose of adjudicating whether or not there is sufficient cause of declaring the Sikhs For Justice (SFJ) as an unlawful association.


Ministry of Home Affairs

Notification dt. 07-08-2019

[F.No. 17014/33/2019-IS-VII]

Legislation UpdatesNotifications

Centre has declared” Sikhs for Justice” as an Unlawful Association in light of them being involved in activities that are prejudicial to the integrity and security of the country.

Please Read the Notification here:

S.O. 2469(E)— Whereas the Sikhs For Justice (hereinafter referred to as the SFJ), has been indulging in activities, which are prejudicial to the internal security of India and public order, and have the potential of disrupting peace, the unity and integrity of the country;

And Whereas, the Central Government is of the opinion that the SFJ is indulging in the activities which are prejudicial to the integrity and security of the country;

And Whereas, the Central Government is of the opinion that following unlawful activities indulged by the SFJ falls within the meaning of clauses (o) and (p) of sub-section (1) of Section 2 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967, namely:-

(i) SFJ is involved in anti-national and subversive activities in Punjab and elsewhere, intended to disrupt the sovereignty and territorial integrity of India;

(ii) SFJ is in close touch with the militant outfits and activists, and is supporting violent form of extremism and militancy in Punjab and elsewhere to carve out a sovereign Khalistan out of territory of Union of India;

(iii) SFJ is encouraging and aiding the activities for secession of a part of the Indian territory from the Union of India and supporting separatist groups fighting for this purpose in India and elsewhere by indulging in activities and articulations intended to disrupt the sovereignty and territorial integrity of India;

And Whereas, the Central Government is further of the opinion that if the unlawful activities of the SFJ are not curbed and controlled immediately, it is likely to-

(a) escalate its subversive activities including attempts to carve out Khalistan Nation out of the territory of Union of India by destabilising the Government established by law;

(b) continue advocating the secession of the Khalistan from the Union of India while disputing the accession of State with the Union;

(c) propagate anti-national and separatist sentiments prejudicial to the territorial integrity and security of the country;

(d) escalate secessionist movements, supports militancy and incite violence in the country;

And Whereas, the Central Government is also of the opinion that having regard to the activities of the SFJ, it is necessary to declare the SFJ to be an unlawful association with the immediate effect;

Now, therefore, in exercise of the powers conferred by sub-sections (1) and (3) of Section 3 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 (37 of 1967), the Central Government hereby declares the Sikhs For Justice (SFJ) as an unlawful association and directs that this notification shall, subject to any order that may be made under Section 4 of the said Act, have effect for a period of five years from the date of its publication in the Official Gazette.


[Notification dt. 10-07-2019]

Ministry of Home Affairs