Legal RoundUpWeekly Rewind

Top Story

PM Modi Security Lapse: SC asks P&H HC to ‘secure and preserve’ all records relating to PM’s Punjab tour   
After a massive security breach that left Prime Minister Narendra Modi stuck on a highway in Punjab for 20 minutes on January 5, 2022, the 3-judge bench of NV Ramana, CJ and Surya Kant and Hima Kohli, JJ has directed the Registrar General, Punjab and Haryana High Court to secure and preserve the records relating to Prime Minister’s scheduled tour of Punjab on 05th January 2022.  

Due to bad weather the Prime Minister’s convoy took off by road for a two-hour journey instead of flying to the rally site at Ferozepur Punjab by helicopter. Around 10 km short of the rally venue, the convoy was stranded on a flyover because of protesting farmers. The Convoy turned back after waiting for around 20 minutes. All the further programmes were cancelled. 

The Supreme Court is now due to take up the matter of January 10, 2022.  

Supreme Court Updates

Justice R. Subhash Reddy retires  

On January 4, 2022, Justice R. Subhash Reddy bid adieu to the Supreme Court after serving as a Supreme Court judge for a little over 3 years. Born in an agricultural family, Justice Reddy began his career as an Advocate in the year 1980. His stint as an advocate stretched over a staggering period of 22 years. He also served as a judge at the Andhra Pradesh High Court and the Chief Justice of the Gujarat High Court, before his elevation to the Supreme Court.  

Read all about him and his notable judgments on the SCC Online Blog.  

NEET 2021-22: Supreme Court allows Counselling with 27% Quota for OBCs and 10% Quota for EWS in All India Quota 

Considering the urgent need to commence the process of Counselling so that the admission process is not dislocated, the Supreme Court has directed that counselling on the basis of NEET-UG and PG 2021 shall be conducted by giving effect to the reservation as provided by the notice dated 29 July 2021, including the 27 per cent reservation for the OBC category and 10 per cent reservation for EWS category in the All-India Quota seats. 

The order came after the notice issued by the Directorate General of Health Services in the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare on 29 July 2021 was challenged by the doctors who appeared in the NEET- PG 2021 examination. 

The notice implements a 27 per cent reservation for Other Backward Classes1 (non-creamy layer) and a 10 per cent reservation for the Economically Weaker Section, while filling up 15 per cent undergraduate and 50 per cent post-graduate All India Quota seats in pursuance of the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test.  

Award cannot be remitted to the arbitrator in absence of findings on the contentious issues 

Explaining the provision of remission under Section 34 (4) of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996, the Supreme Court has held that under guise of additional reasons and filling up the gaps in the reasoning, no award can be remitted to the Arbitrator, where there are no findings on the contentious issues in the award. 

The Court explained that if there are no findings on the contentious issues in the award or if any findings are recorded ignoring the material evidence on record, the same are acceptable grounds for setting aside the award itself. Under guise of either additional reasons or filling up the gaps in the reasoning, the power conferred on the Court cannot be relegated to the Arbitrator. In absence of any finding on contentious issue, no amount of reasons can cure the defect in the award.  

High Court Updates

Madras High Court 

Would installing CCTVs in spas and massage parlours infringe bodily autonomy of a person? 

Expressing that right to life and personal liberty enshrined in Article 21 of the Constitution of India includes the right to relax, Madras High Court, held that the said right can be exercised in a variety of forms. 

Bench observed that, 

Suspicion that immoral activities are taking place in massage centres cannot be reason enough to intrude into an individual’s right to relax for it intrinsically is part and parcel of his fundamental right to privacy. 

Further, the Court noted that, the installation of CCTV equipment inside premises such as a spa would unquestionably infract upon a person’s bodily autonomy. These are inviolable spaces where the prying eye of the state simply cannot be allowed to enter.

Clubs allowing members to bring liquor purchased from outside, and drink without FL-2 license. Is it permissible? 

In another significant decision, Madras High Court decided whether consumption of liquor in an Association, Club or in similar places is permitted or not 

High Court observed that Any Association, Club or otherwise cannot go beyond the scope of its bye laws and the Competent Authorities under the Societies Registration Act are also empowered to initiate action for violation of the bye-laws. 

Chhattisgarh High Court 

 Wife who refuses to join company of husband on ground of ‘auspicious time’ would lead to desertion? 

Chhattisgarh HC granted divorce to husband and wife, on noting that despite efforts taken by the husband to restore the matrimonial home, wife did not cooperate and under the guise of auspicious time to return, she continued at her maternal home leading to desertion by wife. 

Delhi High Court 

“Overseas wife”, husband visited wife for few days only on yearly visits from Canada: Whether moribund marriage or not?  

Delhi High Court while deciding the matter expressed that “…every marriage, where the couple stays apart from each other for work or other obligations consensually, is a broken one.” 

Court held that there was neither a matrimonial home, nor the possibility of ever having one and the damage to the marriage was evident. Hence while dissolving marriage, Bench added that  

The parties were at an age, where they may start a new life, if given a chance. However, keeping them tied to a legal bond would only mean snatching away from them the chance to ever lead a fulfilling life. 

Bombay High Court 

Can ‘minor’ who succumbed to an accident during course of employment be compensated under Employees Compensation Act or Insurance Company will be absolved of its liability? 

Bombay High Court held that Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923 does not prohibits payment of compensation to a minor.

There is no age limit for a person to be employed as an employee under the Workmen’s Compensation Act, thereforethe Insurance Company cannot be absolved of its liability to pay compensation to the claimants, the dependents of the deceased. 

European Court of Justice 

ECJ holds Bulgaria obligated to recognize same sex couple as parents of a child even when its national law does not recognize the concept of marriage between homosexuals 

Moving to international courts, ECJ directed Bulgaria to recognize same sex couple as parents of a child irrespective of the fact that Bulgaria does not recognizes the concept of marriage between homosexuals. The Bench held that, 

“It would be contrary to the fundamental rights which are guaranteed to the child under Articles 7 and 24 of the Charter for the Child to be deprived of the relationship with one of her parents when exercising her right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States on the ground that her parents are of the same sex.” 

Legislation Updates

Securities Contracts (Regulation) (Procedure for Holding Inquiry and Imposing Penalties) Rules, 2021 

The Ministry of Finance has notified the Securities Contracts (Regulation) (Procedure for Holding Inquiry and Imposing Penalties) Rules, 2021 vide notification dated December 31, 2021, amending the Securities Contracts (Regulation) (Procedure for Holding Inquiry and Imposing Penalties) Rules, 2005. 

The purpose of the amendment was to include ‘electronic instant messaging service’ to the modes of service of notice/order. It provides that the notice sent should be digitally signed by competent authority and in case of bouncing of the electronic mail, it wouldn’t be considered valid service of notice.  

Consumer Protection (Jurisdiction of the District Commission, the State Commission and the National Commission) Rules, 2021 

On December 30, 2021, the Central Government notified Consumer Protection (Jurisdiction of the District Commission, the State Commission and the National Commission) Rules, 2021 in order to revise the pecuniary jurisdiction of District Commission, the State Commission and the National Commission. 

Read more details on SCC Online Blog  

Election Laws (Amendment) Act, 2021 

On December 29, 2021, the Election Laws (Amendment) Act, 2021 received the assent of the President to amend the Representation of the People Act, 1950 and the Representation of the People Act, 1951. The Amendment introduces a provision to link electoral rolls with Aadhaar.  


Legal RoundUpWeekly Rewind


Three death row convicts to walk free as SC finds them “not guilty” of murdering six family members  

In a big relief to three death row convicts, a 3-judge bench of the Supreme Court has acquitted all of them of charges of killing 6 members of their own family after it was found that the prosecution had failed to prove the case beyond reasonable doubt. 

On 23rd January, 2014, 6 members of a family, including two children aged 15 and 8 were found brutally murdered.  

It was Prosecution’s case that one Momin Khan, with his wife Nazra, along with his first cousin and nephew came armed with knives and assaulted his parents, his brother, sister-in-law and two children. While the Trial Court convicted and sentenced all 4 to death, the Allahabad High Court affirmed the sentence imposed on 3 men but acquitted the woman.  

The Supreme Court, however, found several loopholes and inconsistencies in the prosecution story and was surprised at how the Trial Court and the High Court had dealt with the case in such a casual manner while considering the question of life and death of the accused. 

The Court observed that a greater degree of scrutiny, care and circumspection was expected while directing the accused to be hanged till death. 

Read here: Three death row convicts to walk free as SC finds them “not guilty” of murdering six family members 


Consumer Protection| Can written statement be accepted beyond 45 days? SC settles the conundrum once and for all 

After a series of judgments, before and after the Constitution Bench verdict in New India Assurance company Limited case on March 4, 2020, gave contradictory views with respect to discretion of NCDRC to condone the delay beyond 45 days, thereby creating uncertainty over the applicability of the Constitution Bench verdict, the Supreme Court has settled the controversy once and for all and has held that the Constitution Bench judgment would not affect applications that were pending or decided before March 4, 2020. 

On March 4, 2020, the Constitution Bench had held that the limitation period under Section 13(2)3 of the Consumer Protection Act 1986 could not be extended beyond the statutorily prescribed period of forty-five days. 

Read here: Can written statement be accepted beyond 45 days? SC settles the conundrum once and for all 

Time to do away with Discretionary quota for allotment of Government Largesse 

Noticing that the allotment of government largesse on the basis of discretionary quota inevitably leads to corruption, nepotism and favouritism, the Supreme Court has suggested that discretionary quota should be done away with, and allotments of the public properties/plots must be through public auction by and large. 

The observation came in a case where the officials of the Bhubaneswar Development Authority and the Housing and Urban Development Department, Odisha Deptt hatched a criminal conspiracy for allotment of 10 plots in the discretionary quota arbitrarily and to their own family members/relatives. 

Read here: Time to do away with Discretionary quota for allotment of Government Largesse 



Forced Conversion Therapy of LGBTQA+ community; HC directs State to constitute an expert committee for forming guidelines against such therapies 

In an important ruling on the rights of the LGBTQA community, the Kerala High Court has directed the Kerala Government to take strict action against the forced conversion therapy of LGBTQIA+ Community in the State. The Bench also directed the government to constitute an expert committee and form a guideline based on that in this regard. 

Read here: Forced Conversion Therapy of LGBTQA+ community; HC directs State to constitute an expert committee for forming guidelines against such therapies

Husband harasses wife, portrays her as a psychiatric patient; HC slams Child Right Commission for directing psychiatric treatment of wife without any medical assessment 

In an interesting development, Kerala High Court slammed the Kerala State Commission for Child Rights for directing psychiatric treatment for wife of the accused without any jurisdiction. Expressing anguish over the factum that the Commission had aided the accused in trespassing the house of the victim and forcefully admitting her in the hospital, the Bench remarked, 

“The case is very distressing insofar as, the respondent , prima facie has been attempting to style his wife as a mental patient before various forums.” 

The Court noticed that the respondent; employed in the Law Department of the State and also once appointed as a temporary Magistrate, wants to use his official clout to witch-hunt his wife and children.

Read here: Husband harasses wife, portrays her as a psychiatric patient; HC slams Child Right Commission for directing psychiatric treatment of wife without any medical assessment

Accused has no right to Narco Analysis Test to prove innocence; HC denies permission to 68 years old POCSO accused from voluntarily undergoing Narco Test 

Holding that accused have no rights to claim subjecting themselves to Narcotic Analysis Test to prove innocence, the Kerala High Court observed the limitation of Narco Test and stated that,  

“The possibility of accused himself making exculpatory statements to support his defence also cannot be ruled out. There is no mechanism or the present Investigating Agency is also not equipped to assess the credibility of such revelations of the accused.”

Read here: Accused has no right to Narco Analysis Test to prove innocence; HC denies permission to 68 years old POCSO accused from voluntarily undergoing Narco Test

Whether gifts given to the bride during marriage by parents will be covered under ‘Dowry’ or not? 

In a very important decision Kerala High Court held that, 

“Presents given at the time of marriage to the bride without any demand having made in that behalf and which have been entered in a list-maintained in accordance with rules made under the Dowry Prohibition Act will not come within the purview of Section 3(1) of Dowry Prohibition Act which prohibits giving or taking of dowry.”

Read here: Whether gifts given to the bride during marriage by parents will be covered under ‘Dowry’ or not?


“And Then There Were None”: Agatha Christie’s most famous work in Del HC for trademark registration 

Justice Harishankar, expressing that he was an “avowed aficionado and an admirer of Agatha Christie”, quashed the order which refused the trademark registration to Agatha Christies’ most well-known work  “And Then There Were None”. 

Delhi High Court also observed that, If the mark is distinctive, and is not identical or confusingly or deceptively similar to any earlier mark which is registered or in use from a prior date in respect of similar goods or services, or which results in the passing off, by the applicant, of its goods or services as those of another, registration of the mark is a matter of right.. 

Read here: “And Then There Were None”: Agatha Christie’s most famous work in Del HC for trademark registration

If an advocate has appeared for a party in judicial or quasi-judicial capacity or even as a mediator, Can Court injunct him from appearing to maintain stream of justice? 

In another decision, the Delhi High Court while expressing its opinion on the position of an advocate in law expressed that,  

an advocate owes, to the litigating public, the Court, his client and to the opposite parties, the highest degree of probity and transparency. 

The Court elaborated that where the Court finds that the appearance of an advocate, before it, is not in keeping with the standards expected of the legal profession and is likely to prejudice a fair espousal and prosecution of the lis, the Court can step in and restrain such appearance. 

Read here: If an advocate has appeared for a party in judicial or quasi-judicial capacity or even as a mediator, Can Court injunct him from appearing to maintain stream of justice?

Daughter-in-law claims right of residence in late husband’s mothers’ property under the head ‘Shared Household’: Mother-in-law approaches Del HC seeking eviction of daughter-in-law

Explaining the significance of ‘shared household’, the Delh Highi Court, explained that where a residence is clearly a shared household, it would not bar the owner from claiming eviction against her daughter-in-law, if circumstances call for it. While allowing the mother-in-law’s prayer seeking possession of the subject property to the exclusion of the daughter-in-law, the Court said that 

“The protection under the DV Act assuring the residence of the aggrieved person in the shared household does not vest any proprietary or indefeasible right on the aggrieved person. It is also subject to eviction being initiated in accordance with law.” 

Read here: Daughter-in-law claims right of residence in late husband’s mothers’ property under the head ‘Shared Household’: Mother-in-law approaches Del HC seeking eviction of daughter-in-law 


Bihar Biological Diversity (Amendment) Rules, 2021 

The Government of Bihar has notified the Bihar Biological Diversity (Amendment) Rules, 2021 to extend the tenure of Biodiversity Management Committees till tenure of Government Advisory Committees. 

Read here: Bihar Biological Diversity (Amendment) Rules, 2021  

Maharashtra Government revises Excise Duty for wine manufacturers 

The Government of Maharashtra has revised the Excise Duty for wine manufacturers holding licence in FORM BRL. 

As a result, the wines manufactured from any substance and without addition of alcohol and without manufacturing or blending with imported concentrate or imported Bulk Wine shall be exempted from Excise Duty in excess of Rs. 10 per bulk litre. 

Read here:Maharashtra Government revises Excise Duty for wine manufacturers

Dam Safety Act, 2021 

The Dam Safety Act received President’s assent in order to provide for surveillance, inspection, operation and maintenance of the specified dam for prevention of dam failure related disasters and to provide for institutional mechanism to ensure their safe functioning.  

Read details report about the Act on SCC Blog 

Read here: Dam Safety Act, 2021 


Legal RoundUpWeekly Rewind

SCC Online Weekly Rewind | Episode 40 with Devika Sharma

SCC Online Weekly Rewind ft. Episode 40 Devika Sharma, Senior Editorial Assistant is out now. The written episode along with the video episode can be watched and read below.

Supreme Court Updates

‘Motor Vehicle Appellate Tribunals’ may soon be a reality!   

With an aim to curtail the pendency before the High Courts and for speedy disposal of the appeals concerning payment of compensation to the victims of road accident, the Supreme Court has asked the Ministry of Law and Justice to consider constituting ‘Motor Vehicle Appellate Tribunals’ by amending Section 173 of the Motor Vehicles Act so that the appeals challenging the award of a Tribunal could be filed before the Appellate Tribunal so constituted. 

The Supreme Court has suggested that there is no need for further appeal against the order of the Appellate Tribunal as the party always has the option of invoking the writ jurisdiction of the High Court for appropriate reliefs.  

SC frowns on rising trend to invalidate sexual misconduct proceedings on hyper-technical points 

In a case where there was a minor discrepancy regarding the date of occurrence of the act of sexual harassment of a constable at the hands of his superior i.e. the head constable, the Supreme Court has held that deeming such a trivial aspect to be of monumental relevance, while invalidating the entirety of the disciplinary proceedings against the superior and reinstating him to his position renders the complainant‘s remedy at nought. 

The Court took the opportunity to highlight the rising trend of invalidation of proceedings inquiring into sexual misconduct, on hyper-technical interpretations of the applicable service rules. It hence urged the Courts to be mindful of the fact that there are several considerations and deterrents that a subordinate aggrieved of sexual harassment has to face when they consider reporting sexual misconduct of their superior.  

Consumer Protection| Open to NCDRC to direct deposit of entire or more than 50 % of the amount ordered by SCDRC while staying SCDRC ‘s order 

Explaining the scope of Section 51 of the Consumer Protection Act, 2019, the Supreme Court has held that NCDRC can pass an order to deposit the entire amount and/or any amount higher than 50 per cent of the amount in terms of the order of the State Commission while staying its order. 

However, while doing so the NCDRC has to assign some reasons and pass a speaking order as such an order on the stay application is not to be passed mechanically. 

High Court Updates

Bombay High Court

Rape by person claiming to have supernatural powers

You must have heard about the unfortunate events happening due to blind faith of people and one such incident was addressed by the Bombay HC recently wherein a person was accused of asking a couple who were issueless to perform sexual acts in his presence and on one such occasion he raped the woman. Court noted that the woman had deep faith in the said man and only on account of such faith the husband and wife indulged in sex in his presence which otherwise could have been quite embarrassing.

Bombay High Court while addressing the matter with regard to rape committed by a person claiming to have supernatural powers expressed that,

“It is significant to note that the blind faith of the parties/victim on the accused is the real driver in such cases.”

High Court upheld the conviction of the accused under Section 376 IPC.

Does S. 327(2) CrPC providing for “in camera” proceedings apply to appeals? Bom HC decides while rejecting Tarun Tejpal’s application

The Bombay High Court at Goa rejected Tarun Tejpal’s plea to conduct “in camera” proceedings in connection with the appeal filed against his acquittal in a rape case. The High Court held that:

“Section 327(2) CrPC would only be applicable to ‘inquiry’ or ‘trial’ and that the same will not apply to appeals, either appeal against conviction or an application seeking leave to file appeal against acquittal.” 

The Court observed:

“In proceedings such as these, i.e. rape cases in general, it is expected that all parties conduct themselves with dignity, sobriety and some sensitivity that is required, particularly, whilst reading evidence pertaining to intimate details. This, we think is not too much to expect from the Advocates appearing for the respective parties. Maintaining decorum in the courtroom is not merely a superficial means of protecting the image of lawyers and judges – but it is absolutely essential to the administration of justice.”

Rape, Murder of Ragpicker: Merely because crime is heinous and brutal, it won’t be just to get carried away sans any legal proof to substantiate charges

Bombay High Court while addressing a sordid story of two poor, helpless and hapless victims who had not only been raped but one of them had been brutally murdered, held that,

“…prosecution has utterly failed in connecting the dots and bringing home the guilt of the accused.”

To read the detailed brief, please check out the SCC Online Blog.

Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh High Court

 Mandatory Vehicle Location Tracker and insertion of Panic button

Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh High Court directed the Union government to implement mandatory Vehicle Location Tracking Devices and Panic Button for all public service vehicles in the tune of Rule 125-H of Motor Vehicles Rules. The Bench remarked,

“It goes without saying that the provisions of Section 136A of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 and the Rule 125-H have to be complied with in their letter and spirit. The exemption granted by the Government was limited in a period of time and has since expired.”

Calcutta High Court

Can mere failure to keep a promise without anything more lead to irresistible conclusion that promise had been dishonestly made from inception?

While addressing a matter under Section 376 of Penal Code, 1860 Calcutta High Court, observed that, it cannot be said that appellant had no intention to marry from the inception of the relationship, infact the relationship did not fructify due to obstruction from the elders of the family.

High Court observed that

Mere failure to keep a promise without anything more cannot lead to the irresistible conclusion that the promise had been dishonestly made from the inception.

Foreign Court

United Kingdom Supreme Court


Man with autistic disorder expresses desire to engage in sexual relations: Does he understand requirement of ‘consent’ from another sexual partner? UK SC explains

The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom dealt with a very interesting matter and laid a detailed decisiom regarding ‘consent’ with respect to sexual relations. The matter before the Court raised issues of profound significance under the Mental Capacity Act 2005 for persons with a disturbance in the functioning of mind or brain which potentially renders them unable to make a decision for themselves in relation to having sexual relations. The UK Supreme Court expressed that, the fact that the other person must have the ability to consent to the sexual activity and must in fact consent before and throughout the sexual activity applies to everyone in society.

Read here

Legislation Updates 

Tripura Value Added Tax (Eighth Amendment) Rules, 2021 

On December 07, 2021, the Government of Tripura has issued the Tripura Value Added Tax (Eighth Amendment) Rules, 2021 in order to amend Tripura Value Added Tax Act, 2004. 

A new Rule 45A has been inserted which provides “Every registered dealer whose gross turnover in a year exceeds Rs. 40 lakh shall get his accounts, in respect of that year audited by an accountant within 6 months from the end of that year and obtain a report of such audit in Form-XLIV.”  

Ministry issues clarification on passing general and special resolutions through VC or OAVM 

The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has issued a clarification on passing general and special resolutions through Video Conference (VC) or Other Audio-Visual Means (OAVM) or to transact items through postal ballet vide circular dated December 8, 2021. The companies are allowed to conduct their EGMs through Video Conference (VC) or Other Audio-Visual Means (OAVM) or transact items through postal ballot till 30th June, 2022.  

 UAE | Government adopts 4.5 days working week 

The UAE Government has adopted a four and half day working week with Saturday Sundays as off days on December 7, 2021. The law will come into effect from January 1, 2022. 

Public sector workers at the ministerial level will adopt a four and a half day working week, with employees working Monday to Thursday. There will be a half day on Fridays. Saturday and Sunday will be the new weekend for government workers.  

SEBI (Substantial Acquisition of Shares and Takeovers) (Third Amendment) Regulations, 2021 

Delisting provisions introduced vide SEBI (Substantial Acquisition of Shares and Takeovers) (Third Amendment) Regulations, 2021 which amends the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Substantial Acquisition of Shares and Takeovers) Regulations, 2011.  

Legal RoundUpWeekly Rewind

SCC Online Weekly Rewind Episode 39 ft. Nilufer Bhateja, Associate Editor is out now. The written episode along with the video episode can be watched and read below.

Supreme Court Updates

Death row convicts, who killed 8 members of their brother’s family over property dispute, to now serve LI for 30 years 

In a case where 8 members of a family, including 4 minors, were brutally murdered pursuant to property dispute between siblings, the Supreme Court has converted the punishment from death to life. However, keeping in mind the gruesome murder of the entire family of their sibling in a pre-planned manner without provocation due to a property dispute, the Court held that the convicts deserved a sentence of a period of 30 years. 

The Court stressed that the Courts are bound to elicit information of all the relevant factors and consider those regarding the possibility of reformation, even if the accused remains silent.  

Read more

Project Proponent not expected to anticipate changes in Environmental Clearance regimes 

In a case where a Project Proponent had adhered to the applicable legal framework for Environmental Clearance during the concerned period but has been left in the lurch due to changes in the Environmental Clearance regimes, the Supreme Court held that a Project Proponent cannot be expected to anticipate the changes in Environmental Clearance regimes, especially as a result of judicial interventions, and keep revisiting the sanctioned clearances by the competent authority or even raze down validly constructed structures. Neither can it be expected to knock the doors of an authority, not empowered at the relevant time, to process its applications.  

The Court said that  

“Such a scenario would render the process akin to a Sisyphean task, eternally inconclusive and never ending.” 

Read more

74-year-old, arrested under UAPA, gets bail after 9.5 years  

In a big relief to a 74-year-old, who has been behind the bars since 2012 as an undertrial prisoner, after being arrested under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 (UAPA), has directed his release on post-­arrest bail by the trial Court.  

The order came after it was brought to the Court’s notice that after the charge-sheets came to be filed way back in 2012, the charges have been framed after 7 years of filing of the charge-sheet on 20th June, 2019. Also, the hearing was taking place only once a month, as opposed to the “day-to-day” hearing provision under the NIA Act, 2008.  

The Court said that considering that there were 298 prosecution witnesses who were yet to be examined, making a timely trial impossible and the fact that the74-year-old has been incarcerated since almost 9.5 years, it was “obligated to enlarge him on bail”. 

Read more

High Court Updates 

 Ker HC upholds conviction of former priest; reduces 20 years rigorous imprisonment to 10 years 

In an infamous case of sexual assault whereby the priest of the St. Sebastian Church had impregnated a minor girl, Kerala HC, upheld the conviction of the accused. The Bench, however, reduced the sentence of 20 years rigorous imprisonment awarded to the accused to 10 years rigorous imprisonment. 

Noticing that the victim girl told the police that her own father had committed rape on her and that the father of her child was her own father, while the medical report had proved the accused was the father of the child and the paternity was admitted by the accused himself, the Bench observed, 

“In the instant case, from the very beginning, there has been attempt on the part of the family of the victim to save the accused, who was the vicar of the local church, from the clutches of law.” 

Read more

Being in love isn’t synonymous to consent for sexual intercourse; HC upholds conviction for rape 

Kerala High Court held that passive submission made by the victim under unavoidable circumstances as she had no other option is not consent. While clarifying the difference between consent and submission, the Bench expressed, 

“Merely for the reason that the victim was in love with the accused, it cannot be presumed that she had given consent for sexual intercourse.” 

Read more

Harassment to grab senior citizen’s property | 94-year old father approaches Court stating he doesn’t want his daughter even for one-minute longer: Read Bom HC’s decision 

Noting in case after case, complaints from senior citizens that their own sons and daughters are harassing them, Division Bench of G.S. Patel and Madhav J Jamdar, JJ., expressed that, 

“…harassment is an attempt to somehow grab the senior citizen’s property in his or her lifetime without thought spared to the mental or physical health well-being or happiness of these seniors.” 

Agreeing with the various decisions of the Courts, Bench expressed that, 

“…it is our experience that in this city, and particularly or most especially amongst the wealthy of this city, senior citizens and elderly parents are being subjected to all kinds of harassment and deprivation in their twilight years.” 

Read more

When LSD Drug is put on blotter paper, would blotter paper form an integral part of drug? Weight of paper will be considered for determining small or commercial quantity? Read on 

Addressing a very crucial question having relevance with the Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic Substances cases, Revati Mohite Dere, J., decided whether blotter paper forms an integral part of the LSD Drug when put on blotter paper for consumption. 

Bench expressed that,  

Merely because the blotter paper can be licked or put in a glass of water, does not necessarily mean that the blotter paper has to be excluded whilst determining the LSD on the blotter paper. 

Further, expressed that LSD put on a blotter paper, is capable of being swallowed, after placing it on the tongue. It is thus evident that the blotter paper is capable of being swallowed and is used as one of the methods for consuming LSD. 

Read more

‘Hang by neck till dead’: Bom HC confirms death sentence in a rarest of rare cases for committing rape and murder of a 3-years 9-months old child 

A Division Bench of Sadhana S. Jadhav and Prithviraj K. Chavan, JJ. confirmed the death sentence awarded by the trial court to the accused−appellant for committing heinous crime of brutal sexual assault on a child aged 3-years and 9-months, and after that committing her murder. While confirming the death sentence in this rarest of rare cases, the High Court observed:     

“The act of the accused is gruesome and is committed in a diabolic manner. It is a heinous offence. It is unimaginable that a cheerful, frolicking child enjoying with her pet would provoke the feelings of lust in a man who is a father of two daughters and a son. The perversity in the mind of the accused is apparent and therefore, we are of the opinion that the aggravating circumstances in the present case outweigh the mitigating circumstances placed before the court in the course of hearing of the appeal.” 

Read more

Legislation Updates

 Central Goods and Services Tax (Ninth Amendment) Rules, 2021 

The Central Government, on the recommendations of the Council have extended Tenure of National Anti-profiteering Authority increased from 4 years to 5 years.  

Read more


Farm Laws Repeal Act, 2021 

The Farm Laws Repeal Act, 2021 received the assent of the President on November 30, 2021. 

 The Act repeals the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020, the Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 and the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020.   

Read more


High Court and Supreme Court Judges (Salaries and Conditions of Service) Amendment Bill, 2021 

The Bill on Salaries and Conditions of Service of High Court and Supreme Court Judges introduced in Lok Sabha on November 30, 2021. 

The legislative intent behind insertion of section 17B and section 16B respectively was to provide benefit of additional quantum of pension to a retired Judge from the first day of the month in which he completes the age specified in the first column of the scale and not from the first day of his entering the age specified therein as so interpreted by the High Courts. Therefore, it is proposed to insert an Explanation in section 17B of the said High Court Judges Act and in section 16B of the said Supreme Court Judges Act to clarify the intention and to ensure that there is no scope for any other interpretation. 

Read more

 Draft Code on Wages (Delhi) Rules, 2021 notified 

The Labour Department of Delhi has notified the Draft of the Code on Wages (Delhi) Rules, 2021 which shall extend to the National Capital Territory of Delhi.  

The Code addresses the problems relating to delay in payment of wages whether on monthly, weekly, or daily basis. The Code will safeguard that there is no discrimination between male and female as well as transgenders in getting wages. 


Read more

New Feature

We have introduced a new feature on SCC Online this week. Check out the Labour and Employment folder under Curated Topics to access the same. We have also added minimum wages notifications of all Indian States on Web Edition. Hope you will find it useful

Follow us on Social Media


Twitter –

Facebook –

Instagram –


Telegram –

Whatsapp –


Follow Nilufer Bhateja

SCC Online Blog Reports:



Legal RoundUpWeekly Rewind

SCC Online Weekly Rewind Episode 36 ft. Nilufer Bhateja, Associate Editor is out now. The written episode along with the video episode can be watched and read below.

Supreme Court 

Land Acquisition| 2-year limitation period as per Section 11A of 1894 Act for passing award in proceedings initiated under the repealed Act, impractical

 In an important ruling on Land Acquisition and Requisition law, the Supreme Court has held that applying the 2-year limitation period as per Section 11A of 1894 Act for passing award in pending cases under Section 24(1)(a) of the 2013 Act is impractical 

Noticing that practical absurdities and anomalies may arise if the two-year period under the 1984 Act is applied, the Court said that this would mitigate against the underlying legislative intent behind prescription of time for making of an award in respect of saved acquisition proceedings initiated under the repealed 1894 Act.  

It was, hence, held that Section 25 of the 2013 Act would apply to the awards made and published under Section 24(1)(a) of the 2013 Act. 

Read more.

Rampant increase in heinous crimes not a ground to shift burden of proof on accused

 In a case where the Trial Court and Punjab and Haryana High Court had shifted the burden of proof on the accused merely for the reason that there has been a rise in the incidents of dacoity, a 3-judge bench of the Supreme Court has held that the Trial Court and the High Court have erroneously drawn adverse inference against the accused, in spite of the Prosecution having lamentably failed to adequately dispense with its burden of proof to depict culpability of the accused. 

  Applying the principle that “it is better that ten guilty persons escape, than that one innocent suffer”, the Court said that, 

“It may not be wise or prudent to convict a person only because there is rampant increase in heinous crimes.” 

Read more

Bail can’t be granted by merely “keeping in view the facts and circumstances of the case”

In a case where Rajasthan High Court had granted bail by merely “keeping in view the facts and circumstances of the case”, the Supreme Court has held that such orders cannot pass muster. 

The Matter pertained to the alleged murder of a person belonging to a Scheduled Caste. The offence is alleged to be committed by the deceased’s brother-in-law on June 8, 2018. The High Court had only recorded the submission of counsel for the first respondent and did not make any mention of factors relevant for the grant of bail. 

In such circumstances, the Court held that  

“The duty to record reasons cannot be obviated by recording submissions, followed by an omnibus “in the facts and circumstances” formula.”  

And that the Courts must indicate brief reasons  basis for granting bail. 

Read more

 High Court Updates 

“No other person whether a passenger or owner of the vehicle was supposed to share seat of the driver”; Kerala HC exonerates insurer, Bajaj Allianz from liability to pay compensation  

  In a case of motor vehicle accident, The Kerala High Court exonerated the insurance company, Bajaj Allianz from liability to pay compensation. The Court made important observation that  

“In a three wheeler goods carriage, the driver could not have allowed anybody else to share his seat. No other person whether as a passenger or as a owner of the vehicle is supposed to share the seat of the driver.”  

Read more

Del HC on Private individuals subjected to assault by Policemen: Law does not permit people to be beaten-up in police custody or during interrogation  

While addressing a very unfortunate incident of police assault, Delhi HC, expressed that  

Let no one have to repeat the tragic last words like George Perry Floyd, Jr.: “I cant breathe”.  

The Court further elaborated that, Punishment for an assault or a criminal act is to be determined by a court of law. The police cannot be a judge in its own cause. The law does not permit people to be beaten-up in police custody or during interrogation.  

Read more

Whether service provided by doctors in lieu of fees is beyond purview of Consumer Protection Act 2019? Bom HC answers  

 Holding that mere repeal of the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 by the 2019 Act, without anything more, would not result in the exclusion of ‘health care’ services rendered by doctors to patients from the definition of service, the Bombay HC, expressed that matter before it was,  

“…a thoroughly misconceived Public Interest Litigation”  

Court expressed that,   

mere repeal of the 1986 Act by the 2019 Act, without anything more, would not result in exclusion of ‘health care’ services rendered by doctors to patients from the definition of the term “service”  

Read more

Turban an essential religious symbol: Photographing an elderly person in injured condition without turban and circulating it on social media: Is it an offence? P&H HC decides  

Noting the incident of prima facie hurting of religious feelings, P&H HC dismissed the anticipatory bail of a person who video graphed a man without turban aged 65 years old who was beaten up repeatedly and his video was circulated on social media.  

Court expressed that, The turban is an essential religious symbol and photographing of an elderly person in an injured condition without the turban and uploading it for public viewing on a social platform would prima facie amount to hurting the religious feelings.  

Read more

  Legislation updates 

 UP Government adds “Married Daughter” in the dependents’ list for government jobs 

UP Government has passed a proposal that married daughter of a government official dying during his service will now be entitled to government jobs on compassionate grounds in Uttar Pradesh. The decision of the Personnel Department was approved by State Cabinet on November 10, 2021. 

Read more 

 Aadhaar (Authentication and Offline Verification) Regulations, 2021 

The Unique Identification Authority of India has notified the Aadhaar (Authentication and Offline Verification) Regulations, 2021. 

  • Under the regulations, UIDAI provides two types of authentication facilities, i.e. yes/no authentication facility and e-KYC authentication facility and other types of offline verification facility have been introduced such as QR Code Verification, Aadhaar Paperless offline e-KYC verification, e-Aadhaar verification, offline paper based verification and any other type of offline verification introduced by the UIDAI from time to time. The other mode of verifications such as OTP and biometric based authentication will also continue along with offline options. 
  • The regulations prescribe a choice to the Aadhaar holder to share the Aadhaar paperless offline e-KYC with the authorised agency for the Aadhaar e-KYC verification process. The authorised agency will match the Aadhaar number and demographic information obtained by the Aadhaar holder with the demographic information in the central database. 

Read more

 Food Safety and Standards (Import) First Amendment Regulations, 2021 

The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India has notified the Food Safety and Standards (Import) First Amendment Regulations, 2021 vide notification dated November 3, 2021. The regulations amend the Food Safety and Standards (Import) Regulations, 2017 to insert the chapter with respect to registration and inspection of Foreign Food manufacturing facilities. 

Read more

Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) Fourth Amendment Regulations, 2021 

The Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) Regulations, 2011 has been amended to provide that in case of formulated supplements for children, a variation of minus 10.0 per cent from the declared value of the nutrients or nutritional ingredients on the label shall be allowed and the nutrient levels shall not exceed maximum limits as specified in the composition tables. 

  Read more

 SEBI: Circular on write-off of debt securities held by FPIs 

SEBI has earlier permitted FPIs who wish to surrender their registration to write-off all shares in their beneficiary account which they are unable to sell for any reason. 

On November 08, 2021, SEBI has issued a circular to permit the FPIs to also write- off all debt securities in their beneficiary account which they are unable to sell for any reason. This shall be applicable only to such FPIs who wish to surrender their registration. 

Read more

Follow us on Social Media


Twitter –

Facebook –

Instagram –


Telegram –

Whatsapp –


Follow Nilufer Bhateja

SCC Online Blog Reports:



Legal RoundUpWeekly Rewind

SCC Online Weekly Rewind | Episode 34 with Devika Sharma

SCC Online Weekly Rewind ft. Episode 34 Devika Sharma, Senior Editorial Assistant is out now. The written episode along with the video episode can be watched and read below.

Supreme Court 

  • Independent probe in Pegasus case  

The 3-judge bench of NV Ramana, CJ and Surya Kant and Hima Kohli, JJ has appointed an Expert Committee to look into the truth or falsity of the allegations in the Pegasus Spyware case, “taking into account the public importance and the alleged scope and nature of the large-scale violation of the fundamental rights of the citizens of the country.” 

The Pegasus suite of spywares, being produced by an Israeli Technology firm, viz., the NSO Group, can allegedly be used to compromise the digital devices of an individual through zero click vulnerabilities, i.e., without requiring any action on the part of the target of the software. This extremely powerful software is sold only to certain undisclosed Governments and reports indicate that individuals from nearly 45 countries are suspected to have been affected.

The Court said that it was an extremely uphill task to find and select experts who are free from prejudices, are independent and competent but it eventually appointed the Committee headed by Former Supreme Court Judge Justice R.V. Raveendran and highly qualified technical member. 

Read the details about all the members of the Committee on the SCC Online Blog. 

  • Yatin Oza’s Senior Advocate designation temporarily restored for two years 

In a major relief to Advocate Yatin Oza, the Supreme Court has temporarily restored the senior designation for a period of two years from 1.1.2022.

On 21.03.2020, Oza wrote a letter to the Chief Justice of India making serious allegations against a senior-most Judge of the Gujarat High Court in his capacity as President of the Bar Association. He then circulated the letter in the Bar Association’s WhatsApp group after calling the High Court a “Gamblers Den” in a Press Conference. Oza was then stripped off his Senior Advocate designation.

Holding that the High Court would be well within its rights to withdraw the indulgence, the Court said that it was giving Oza a last chance by providing a window of two years to show that he truly means what he has assured the Court. 

  • Karnataka High Court calls person committing suicide a ‘weakling’! Don’t diminish the gravity of mental health issues, says SC  

In a case where the Single Judge of Karnataka High Court had termed persons committing suicide a ‘weakling’ and also made observations on how the behavior of the deceased before he committed suicide was not that of a person suffering from mental health issues, the Supreme Court has held that such observations describing the manner in which a depressed person ought to have behaved deeply diminishes the gravity of mental health issues.

The High Court had “judged” the deceased for attending relative’s marriage in a different town and interacting with friends and relatives and had said that all such actions were that of a normal person and not of a person under severe duress. The High Court had also diminished the gravity of deceased’s mental health on the ground that he had taken “considerable time” to write a 12 pages long suicide note. 

On this the Supreme Court said that individual personality differences manifest as a variation in the behavior of people and that,

“The mental health of a person cannot be compressed into a one size fits all approach.”

High Court Updates 

Kerala High Court 

  • Absence of salutation like M/s, Mr or Miss while drawing a cheque is immaterial for offence under S. 138 of NI Act; HC sets aside the acquittal, directs Trial Court to re-address the issue 

 Another interesting matter from the Kerala High Court came up, wherein an allegation was made with regard commission of an offence under Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, wherein the Trial Court had acquitted the respondent-accused on the sole ground that the subject cheque was drawn in favour of ‘Lakshmi Finance’ and not ‘M/s.Lakshmi Finance’   

On hearing the matter, Court expressed that,

“The alphabets ‘M/s’ which is short form for ‘Messrs’ is normally a salutation intended to refer to a group of unincorporated persons, such as a partnership firm. The absence of such salutation while drawing the cheque by the respondent-accused cannot be a ground for the accused to be acquitted.” 

Delhi High Court 

  •  Law on Article 12 of Constitution of India | World Bank a Government Agency or not? Del HC decides 

 Whether World Bank is a Government Agency or not? 

Delhi High Court while deciding this issue answered in negative and opined that World Bank or any of the other international bodies, which have proceeded to debar the petitioner in the case, cannot be considered as a “Government Agency”. This is for the reason that none of the international bodies are bound by any directions issued by the Government of India. 

  •  POSH Act | Jurisdiction of Internal Complaints Committee and Local Committee 

In an unfortunate case, Noting the allegations against an employer with regard to sexual harassment of a women, the Delhi High Court expressed that  

“…instead of providing assistance to the aggrieved woman in prosecuting her complaint of sexual harassment, the respondent has been opposing her tooth and nail and has even terminated her services pending the inquiry before the Local Committee.”

 Expressing its opinion on the jurisdiction of Internal Complaints Committee, the Court added that,  

“…since the Secretary was the employer for the purposes of the Act, the complaint of the said employer would not lie to the Internal Committee but shall lie only to the Local Committee.”  

 Bombay High Court 

  •  Mumbai Cruise Drugs Case | Bom HC grants bail to Aryan Khan, 2 others: Read the fourteen bail conditions 

The Bombay High Court granted bail to three accused persons in the infamous Mumbai Cruise Drugs Case where Aryan Shah Rukh Khan, Arbaaz A. Merchant and Munmum Dhamecha were accused for offence under the NDPS Act. 

 The Court laid down 14 bail conditions which you can read on the SCC Online Blog. 

Madras High Court 

  •  Mushrooming Unemployment | Madras HC on menace of job racketing and scams cropping up || Detailed report on how a person fraudulently acted as an employee of Court cheated several people 

Addressing the issue of the growing menace of job racketing and tackling the unemployment problem, the Madras High Court suggested the Central and State Government promote entrepreneurs and create self-employment opportunities for youth so that the future of this country can be safeguarded from falling prey to such money mongering vultures. 

The Court was hearing a petition relating to a case where fake interview and appointment letters were being prepared with an intention to defraud innocent public for making unlawful gain. 

A detailed report can be followed on the SCC Online blog.

Legislation Updates

  • Centre notifies new road safety draft rules for children below 4 years 

Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has notified draft rules for safety of children below 4 years.

The Draft Rules recommends 

  • For children below four years, safety harness shall be used for attaching the child to the driver of the motorcycle.
  • It also provides that the Driver must ensure that the child pillion passenger aged between 09 months and 4 years must wear his/her own crash helmet which fits his/her head or wear bicycle helmet till such time that the specifications are prescribed by the Bureau of Indian Standards under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act 2016.
  • The Draft Rules also ensures that Speed of the motorcycle with the child upto age 4 years being carried as a pillion, shall not be more than 40 kmph.

  • Electricity (Promotion of Generation of Electricity from Must-Run Power Plant) Rules, 2021 

The Central Government notified Electricity (Promotion of Generation of Electricity from Must-Run Power Plant) Rules, 2021.

The Rules provide that A must–run power plant shall not be subjected to curtailment or regulation of generation or supply of electricity on account of merit order dispatch or any other commercial consideration. 

It also provides that in the event of a curtailment of supply from a must–run power plant, compensation shall be payable by the procurer to the must–run power plant at the rates specified in the agreement for purchase or supply of electricity. 

  • Ministry of Labour and Employment declares services engaged in Banking industry to be a public utility service 

The Ministry of Labour and Employment (MoLE) has declared the services engaged in the Banking industry, which is covered under Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, to be a public utility service for a period of six months with effect from October 21, 2021.

  • IFSCA (Registration of Insurance Business) Regulations, 2021 

The International Financial Services Centres Authority (IFSCA) has issued the International Financial Services Centres Authority (Registration of Insurance Business) Regulations, 2021.

Winners for SCC Online Quiz Announced.

Legal RoundUpWeekly Rewind

SCC Online Weekly Rewind Episode 33rd ft. Nilufer Bhateja, Associate Editor is out now. The written episode along with the video episode can be watched and read below.


Gauri Lankesh murder| HC “manifestly wrong” in quashing charges against Mohan Nayak N

In a major development in the Gauri Lankesh murder case, the Supreme Court has set aside the Karnataka High Court order wherein it had quashed chargesheet filed against one Mohan Nayak.N regarding offences under the Karnataka Control of Organised Crimes Act, 2000.

On 05.09.2017 in which Gauri Lankesh, who was a leading journalist, was shot dead by certain unknown assailants near her house at Rajarajeshwari Nagar, Bengaluru.

The Court noticed that the High Court was manifestly wrong in quashing the chargesheet as it ignored the fact that if the material collected by the Investigating Agency reveals that he had nexus with the accused who is a member of the organized crime syndicate or such nexus is related to the offence in the nature of organized crime. Thus, he need not be a person who had direct role in the commission of an organized crime as such. 

Read more.


Words “order is made available to the aggrieved party” consciously omitted from Section 61(1)&(2) IBC: SC

Dealing with the question as to when will the clock for calculating the limitation period run for proceedings under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), the bench of Dr. DY Chandrachud, Vikram Nath and BV Nagarathna, JJ has held that Sections 61(1) and (2) of the IBC consciously omit the requirement of limitation being computed from when the “order is made available to the aggrieved party”, in contradistinction to Section 421(3) of the Companies Act.

The Court noticed that

“The IBC is a watershed legislation which seeks to overhaul the previous bankruptcy regime which was afflicted by delays and indefinite legal proceedings.”

Read more.

High Courts

Pat HC | Can a person be convicted for murder solely on the evidence gathered by the police sniffer dog? Court answers

Noticing discrepancies in the trial the Patna HC acquitted a woman accused of killing a 2 year old kid. Noticing that the Trial Court had convicted the appellant on the evidence of a sniffer dog, the Bench opined, though the police was allowed to use the services of a sniffer dog for investigation, but merely because the dog entered the house of the appellant in her absence, the same could not be treated to be evidence sufficient enough to establish the guilt of the appellant and the appellant could not be convicted only on the basis of evidence gathered by the police sniffer dog.

Read more

Ker HC | “There is gulf of difference between consent and submission”; HC affirms conviction of person accused of raping his own daughter

  Kerala High Court confirmed the conviction of person accused of raping his own daughter. Rejecting the defence that the victim was in a sexual relationship with another person, the Bench stated,

“Even assuming that the victim is previously accustomed to sexual intercourse, that is not a decisive question. On the contrary, the question which is required to be adjudicated is, did the accused commit rape on the victim on the occasion complained of.”

Read more

P&H HC | Whether derogatory remarks made during private conversation would attract provisions of SC & ST Act? Can a stranger to dispute invoke provisions of the Act?

Considering the misuse of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act by the so-called social activists, the Punjab and Haryana High Court directed the Director General of Police to issue instructions to all the Senior Superintendents of Police that no FIR under SC&ST Act be registered at the instance of third party, unless an opinion is sought from the District Attorney (Legal) that the complainant falls within the definition of victim as per SC&ST Act.

Read more

Bom HC | Our educational institutions are so weak that they would fear that students would get adversely affected if a restaurant having liquor license was in school’s vicinity: Is it true? Bom HC finds out

The Bombay High Court in a very interesting case considered the question Whether our educational institutions are so weak that they would fear that the students would get adversely affected if there is a restaurant having a liquor licence in the vicinity of their schools. The Court was deciding a challenge to rejection of liqour license due to the objections which were raised by the petitioners who were running a school in the vicinity of the place where the licence was intended to be transferred and that granting such a transfer would lead to an impending law and order situation.

High Court stated that the petitioner’s institution ought not to have formed such opinion that the education being imparted by their educational institution was so fragile that the students would get easily influenced by a restaurant serving liquor in the vicinity. This is for two-fold reasons:

  • Firstly, this educational institution was never bothered about a similar restaurant having a liquor licence functioning in the vicinity since the last 10 to 12 years.
  • Secondly and most importantly, if the quality of learning and inculcation of moral values in the children is to be of a standard, as what the ‘Father of the Nation’ intended to imbibe in our citizens, then the petitioner’s institution ought not to have worried at all, about any student being adversely affected, by any such place in the vicinity of the school.

Read more


AFT | Is hypertension a disability attributable to or aggravated by Military Service? Will Invalidation make one entitled to disability pension? Tribunal decides

The Armed Forces Tribunal granted disability pension to the person invalidated from service due to Hypertension. Rejecting the opinion of Release Medical Board that the disease was neither attributable to and aggravated by Military Service because the applicant was posted in Peace location, the Bench opined that denying disability pension to applicant was not convincing and did not reflect complete truth on the matter. The Bench held that peace Stations have their own pressure of rigorous military training and associated stress and strain of military service.

Read more

Legislation updates

Delhi Prevention and Control of Malaria, Dengue, Chikungunya or any Vector Borne Disease Regulations, 2021

The Delhi Government has notified the Delhi Prevention and Control of Malaria, Dengue, Chikungunya or any Vector Borne Disease Regulations, 2021. The Government has the power to declare any area in Delhi as an infected Area or threatened area or any area contiguous to any infected area in which, in the opinion of State Government, there is danger of outbreak of Malaria, Dengue, Chikungunya or any other Vector Borne Disease.

Read more

Aadhaar (Pricing of Aadhaar Authentication Services) Regulations, 2021

The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has issued the Aadhaar (Pricing of Aadhaar Authentication Services) Regulations, 2021

The Regulations provides that

  1. Each successful Aadhaar e-KYC transaction shall be charged @ Rs. 3 (including applicable taxes) from requesting entities except Telecom Service Providers for whom the rate shall be Re. 1/- (including applicable taxes) for each successful Aadhaar e-KYC transaction.
  2. If an existing requesting entity [except those exempts under Regulation 2(2) above], continues to use Aadhaar authentication services beyond the date of publication of these Regulations, it shall be deemed to have agreed to the specified authentication charges. The entities shall be required to deposit the authentication transaction charges within 15 days of issuance of the invoice based on the usage. The delay in payment beyond 15 days shall attract interest compounded @ 1.5% per month and discontinuation of authentication and e-KYC services.

Read more

Quiz Winners Declared

Follow us on Social Media:

Twitter –
Facebook –
Instagram –
Telegram –
Whatsapp –…

Follow Nilufer Bhateja
SCC Online Blog Reports:




















While noting some cases where due to counterclaim / dispute from the legal representative of one of the deceased holder, the RTAs have not effected transmission to the surviving joint holder(s), the SEBI has issued a circular advising RTAs to comply with the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and transmit securities in favour of surviving Joint holder(s), in the event of demise of one or more joint holder(s), provided that there is nothing contrary to the same in the Article of Association of the company.


Legal RoundUpWeekly Rewind

SCC Online Weekly Rewind | Episode 32 with Devika Sharma

SCC Online Weekly Rewind ft. Episode 32 Devika Sharma, Senior Editorial Assistant is out now. The written episode along with the video episode can be watched and read below.


  • Objections can’t be raised in instalments; Res judicata applicable on execution proceedings

Dismissing a half a century old litigation (started in 1971), having five rounds of litigation at the stage of execution of a simple money decree, the Supreme Court finally put an end to what appeared to be a never-ending litigation by holding that res judicata is applicable on execution proceedings and the judgment debtor cannot be allowed to raise objections in instalments.

In the case where the appellants had exhausted almost all provisions available to a judgment debtor to stall execution, the Court said that the case was

“fit to be included in the syllabus of a law school as a study material for students to get equipped with the various provisions of the Code relating to execution.”

  • Section 138 NI Act| Once settlement has been entered into, the complainant cannot pursue the original complaint

In a bid to curb the worrying trend of parallel proceedings for complaints under Section 138 of the NI Act, Supreme Court has held that a complainant cannot pursue two parallel prosecutions for the same underlying transaction. In the case at hand, a set of cheques were dishonoured, leading to filing of the first complaint under Section 138 of the NI Act. The parties thereafter entered into a deed of compromise to settle the matter. While the first complaint was pending, the cheques issued pursuant to the compromise deed were dishonoured leading to the second complaint under Section 138 of the NI Act. The Court, hence, explained that allowing the complainant to pursue parallel proceedings would make the settlement and issuance of fresh cheques or any other partial payment made towards the original liability meaningless.

On the question as to whether the National Green Tribunal has the power to exercise Suo Motu jurisdiction in discharge of its functions under the NGT Act, 2010, the Supreme Court has held that NGT can initiate action when required, to protect the substantive right of a clean environment and the procedural law should not be obstructive in its application.

The issue arose after NGT took suo motu cognizance of the article titled “Garbage Gangs of Deonar: The Kingpins and Their Multi-Crore Trade” in the online news portal, The Quint and ordered MCGM to pay compensation of Rs 5 crores.

NGT’s powers must be understood to be of the widest amplitude within it’s sphere of action, the Court said that,

“NGT, with the distinct role envisaged for it, can hardly afford to remain a mute spectator when no-one knocks its door.”


High Courts

Delhi High Court

  • Rakesh Asthana’s appointment as Commissioner of Delhi Police challenged | Read Why Del HC upheld Centre’s decision

While dismissing the challenge to Rakesh Asthana’s appointment as Commissioner of Delhi Police and upholding the Centre’s decision on the same, Delhi High Court, expressed that,

It ought to be kept in mind that Delhi, being the Capital of India, has a unique, special and specific requirement. It has witnessed several untoward incidences and extremely challenging law and order situations/riots/crimes, which have an international implication, which in the wisdom of the Central Government necessitated appointment of an experienced officer possessing diverse and multifarious experience of heading a large Para-Military Security Force apart from other factors.

  • Husband is bound to compensate wife who, after spending on children, may hardly be left with anything to maintain herself

Expressing that husband must also carry the financial burden of making certain that his children are capable of attaining a position in a society wherein they can sufficiently maintain themselves, Delhi High Court stated that, In households wherein the women are working and are earning sufficiently to maintain themselves, it does not automatically mean that the husband is absolved of his responsibility to provide sustenance for his children.

“…if the husband has sufficient means, he is obligated to maintain his wife and children, and not shirk away from his moral and familial responsibilities.” 

To elaborate more, High Court added that, At the age of 18, it can be safely assumed that the son is either graduating from 12th standard or is in his first year of college. More often than not, it does not place him in a position wherein he can earn to sustain or maintain himself. It further places the entire burden on the mother to bear the expenses of educating the children without any contribution from the father, and this Court cannot countenance such a situation.

Kerala High Court

  • “No matter how old she may be, sometimes a girl just needs her mom.” HC holds a married daughter and maternal parents are entitled to claim compensation under MV Act

In a very interesting matter, Kerala High Court held that a married daughter and parents of the deceased woman are legal representative under the MV Act and hence, are entitled to claim compensation as a dependant of the deceased. The Bench remarked,

“Even if dependency is a relevant criterion to claim compensation for loss of dependency, it does not mean financial dependency is the ‘ark of the covenant’. Dependency includes gratuitous service dependency, physical dependency, emotional dependency, psychological dependency, and so on and so forth, which can never be equated in terms of money.”

  • “Protection shall be offered discreetly, by women Police Officers not in uniform”; HC directs Kerala to ensure effective protection of victims of sexual harassment

In another case, Kerala High Court directed the State of Kerala along with the Commissioner of Police to take steps for effective implementation of victim protection scheme particularly with regard to victims of sexual harassment.

While dealing with a case relating to a minor rape victim; in which, there was an allegation that the accused and others were intimidating and threatening her, so as to force her not to file an appeal against them, the Bench expressed that,

“…unfortunately, allegations are far more grievous because, the petitioner, who is stated to be a rape victim, alleges that she is being harassed, not only by the accused, but by certain Police Officers.”

Bench expressed the need of giving a close look to the stipulations for protection of women, who had faced the agony of sexual harassment and attack.


Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh HC

  • Teenager dies due to electrocution; HC grants 3 lakhs compensation holding State strictly liable for negligence in maintaining transmission lines

Jammu and Kashmir High Court applied the principle of strict liability to grant compensation to the petitioners who had lost their son due to negligence of the Power Development Department.

Bench held that apart from being vicariously liable for the negligent acts of its employees, who were maintaining and distributing the electricity through transmission lines essentially dealing with a dangerous activity which, having regard to its nature, was hazardous, the department was liable to compensate the petitioners on the principle of strict liability as it was the duty of the respondents to take all care and caution to prevent any mishap.


Telangana High Court

  • Law on Termination of Pregnancy | If a pregnancy extends gestation period of 24 weeks, can Constitutional Courts direct termination of pregnancy? Telangana HC explains

Expressing that, A woman has the right to make choice to carry pregnancy, at the same time, it’s her right not to carry the pregnancy, subject to conditions and restrictions enumerated under the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, Telangana High Court permitted termination of pregnancy of a 16-year-old girl though the gestation period crossed 24 weeks.

Instant petition was filed by a 16-year-old girl through her natural guardian seeking direction to terminate her pregnancy medically, as per the provisions of the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971 and as amended in 2021.

Court stated that,

Though there is restriction under the statute for terminating pregnancy, if the gestation of foetus is more than 24 weeks, it is settled law that the Constitutional Courts are empowered to direct termination of pregnancy.


  • Competition Commission of India Competition Watchdog | Know why CCI imposed penalties on beer companies: Nation-wide Cartel? Read Full Report

Noting a nationwide cartel amongst certain Beer companies, Competition Commission of India imposed penalty on three beer companies on finding regular communications with respect to planning and coordinating of price hikes to propose to State authorities

Legislation Updates

Follow Devika Sharma here:



Legal RoundUpWeekly Rewind

SCC Online Weekly Rewind Episode 30th ft. Nilufer Bhateja, Associate Editor is out now. The written episode along with the video episode can be watched and read below.

Supreme Court 

Suraz India Trust Chairman Rajiv Daiya guilty of contempt 

 Coming down heavily upon a contemnor who has apparently “made a profession of filing public interest petitions” and then using dilatory tactics to evade payment of costs imposed on him, the Supreme Court has held that the power to punish for contempt is a constitutional power vested in this Court which cannot be abridged or taken away even by legislative enactment. 

You are throwing mud at all and sundry, but we refuse to back off’. Read more here.

No more Tareekh pe Tareekh! 

In an important verdict on justice delivery system, the Supreme Court has asked the courts to be very slow in granting adjournments. Noticing that many a times, the task of adjournments is used to kill Justice, the Court said that repeated adjournments break the back of the litigants and hence, the courts shall not grant the adjournments in routine manner and mechanically and shall not be a party to cause for delay in dispensing the justice. Read more here

 Compromise cannot be the solitary basis for reduction of sentence  

In a case where a compromise was reached between parties, 28 years after an incident left the victim crippled for life, the Supreme Court has said that compromise cannot be taken to be a solitary basis for mitigating the sentence until the other aggravating and mitigating factors also support the accused. The Court said that such a brutality cannot be ignored which is not against the individual but the crime is against the society which has to be dealt with sternly. 

Read more here.

High Courts

Bombay High Court | POSH Judgments and Order to be delivered only in Chambers or in-camera, media disclosure forbidden: G.S. Patel, J. issues detailed guidelines 

 While addressing an issue revolving around the Sexual Harassment of Women at the Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 and Sexual Harassment of Women at the Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Rules, 2013, the Bombay High Court laid down guidelines with an endeavor to anonymize identities of the parties. 

Stating that it is imperative to protect the identities of the parties from disclosure, even accident disclosure Hence, the Bench laid down a working protocol in the form of guidelines for such hearings in the future. Read more 

 Bombay High Court | Custody of minor child, can it be determined on basis of work commitment of one parent and availability of ample time with another? Bom HC decides while determining question of custody, visitation rights and more 

 Stating that welfare of a minor cannot be determined on the sole parameter of the work commitment of one parent and availability of ample time with another, the Bombay High Court expressed that, 

Courts often ensure that even if custody is given to one parent, the non-custodial parent has adequate visitation rights.  Read more

Kerala High Court | Can the fact that minor rape victim attained majority and married the rapist lead to quashment of criminal proceedings? HC answers 

  The Kerala High Court held that the argument that now the victim of rape had attained majority and was living happily with the accused are not valid grounds or justifiable reasons for quashing criminal proceedings. 

  Court remarked, 

“When rape is towards a child the gravity is all the more severe and excruciating as it may even low self-esteem, self-confidence and dignity of the child and that the psychic effect and impact would cause a devastating effect on the minor and result in far-reaching consequences.” Read more

Karnataka High CourtKar HC directs State Government to provide text books in Braille for all special children (visual disabilities) positively within a period of 15 days from the date of order 

In a PIL filed on behalf of children who are specially abled children in State of Karnataka, text books are not available in braille and even the books have not been uploaded on the website in PDF Form so that print out can be taken in braille, Considering the same, Karnataka High Court directed the State Government to provide textbooks in Braille for all specially abled children having visual disabilities within a period of 15 days. Read more.

 Legislation Updates

SEBI issues circular for extension of timeline for Investment Advisors to obtain annual certificate from auditor 

SEBI vide circular dated September, 2020 issued “ Guidelines for Investment Advisers” which prescribed timeline of six months from the end of each financial year for Investment Advisers (IA) to conduct annual audit in respect of compliance of SEBI (Investment Advisers) Regulations, 2013 (“IA Regulations”) and circulars issued thereunder. SEBI has issued a Circular to  extend the timeline till December 30, 2021.  Read more

Constitution (One Hundred and Fifth Amendment) Act, 2021 comes into force with effect from August 15, 2021 

On September 15, 2021, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment notified the date on which the provisions of Constitution (One Hundred and Fifth Amendment) Act, 2021 will come into effect. The said Act comes into force with effect from August 15, 2021. Read more

SEBI issues Risk Management Framework for Mutual Funds 

 The Securities & Exchange Board of India has revised the Risk Management Framework (RMF) for Mutual Funds vide circular dated September 27, 2021. The Circular provides a set of standards comprising the policies, procedures, risk management functions and roles and responsibilities of the management, the Board of Asset Management Companies (AMC) and the Board of Trustees. Read more.

Quiz Winners Declared

New Releases

 1) Child Abuse :Law, Practice and Prevention by Emidio Pinho and Andryusha Pinho []

2) Second Edition of Intellectual Property by Elizabeth Verkey and Jithin Saji Isaac [] .

Follow us on Social Media:

Twitter –

Facebook –

Instagram –


Telegram –

Whatsapp –


Follow Nilufer Bhateja

SCC Online Blog Reports:



Legal RoundUpWeekly Rewind

SCC online Weekly Rewind | Episode 29th with Devika Sharma

SCC Online Weekly Rewind Episode 29th ft. Devika Sharma, Senior Editorial Assistant is out now. The written episode along with the video episode can be watched and read below.

Most Important Stories

Federal Court of Australia

 How DABUS, an Artificial Intelligence System, was given the status of an “Inventor”?

In a very interesting issue, Federal Court of Australia became the first judicial authority to recognize AI machines as inventors of patents. The decision centered around the question whether Artificial Intelligence Systems can be an inventor for the purposes of the Patent Act, to which the Court asked that:

If the output of an artificial intelligence system is said to be the invention, who is the inventor? And if a human is required, who? The programmer? The owner? The operator? The trainer? The person who provided input data? All of these? None of these?

Court expressed that, in some cases it may be none of these. In some cases, the better analysis,  is to say that the system itself is the inventor. That would reflect the reality. And you would avoid otherwise uncertainty. And indeed that may be the case if the unit embodying the artificial intelligence has its own autonomy. What if it is free to trawl the internet to obtain its own input or training data? What about a robot operating independently in a public space, having its own senses, learning from the environment, and making its own decisions? And what about the more exotic, such as a mobile unit on Mars left to its own devices and not seeking instructions from Earth?

Justice Beach in light of these observations, stated that “we are both created and create. Why cannot our own creations also create?

Thus, in this remarkable decision Court while noting that the name of the inventor can be non-human, held that DABUS, an AI, can be an inventor.


Model loses assignment because of wrong haircut, negligent medical treatment at ITC Maurya salon: NCDRC’s striking decision on ITC’s liability

Have you ever gone to a salon and something unfortunate like a haircut you wished for went all wrong accompanying a bad hair treatment leading to a burnt scalp?

Well, a salon at ITC Maurya became responsible for causing this to a model who came in for the haircut right before a week of her interview. In its striking decision, the National Consumer Forum while expressing that “Women are emotionally attached to their hair”, granted Rs 2 crores compensation as she was not only given wrong haircut but in fact was also subjected to medical negligence.

Supreme Court

Imprisonment for life is equivalent to rigorous imprisonment for life: Supreme Court

In a case where a man was convicted for killing his wife on the suspicion of her infidelity and was sentenced to undergo rigorous imprisonment for life, Supreme Court has refused to go into the question of propriety of specifying rigorous imprisonment while imposing life sentence and has held that imprisonment for life is equivalent to rigorous imprisonment for life.

Will long possession of a property by a caretaker/servant entitle him to acquire an interest in property? SC decides

In an interesting case, the Supreme Court has succinctly declared that a caretaker/servant can never acquire interest in the property irrespective of his long possession and the caretaker/servant has to give possession forthwith on demand.

Kerala High Court

Can DNA test be conducted to determine legitimacy of a child in a divorce petition without the child being on the party array?

Can DNA test be conducted to determine legitimacy of a child in a divorce petition?

The Kerala High Court answered this question when it recently held that it would be permissible for a court to direct the holding of a DNA examination, to determine the veracity of the allegations constituting the grounds for divorce if a strong prima facie case is made out.

Priest of Temple commits penetrative sexual assault on young girl: Ker HC observes which God would accept obeisance and offerings of such Priest or make him a medium?

Observing that “When a man abandons his wife and children, roving vultures wait to prey on not only the abandoned woman, but also the helpless children”, the Kerala High Court noted horrendous act of a temple priest who took an abandoned woman and her three children under his wing and repeatedly molested the elder girl child in the presence of her siblings. Expressing anguish, the Court said “We wonder which God would accept the obeisance and offerings of such Priest or make him a medium?”. Upholding his conviction for rape, the High Court awarded the maximum sentence of life imprisonment to the priest.

Competition Commission of India

 By now you must have come across the decision centered around the dispute with regard to Maruti Suzuki v. It’s dealers. And in case you have not, I have got you covered:

The Competition Commission of India has imposed a penalty of Rs 200 crores on Maruti Suzuki India limited, on finding that Maruti Suzuki used to impose penalties on its dealers for violating its ‘Discount Control Policy’. The CCI held that Maruti Suzuki India Limited was not a third-party in the enforcement of the Discount Control Mechanism, as claimed by it. When a significant player such as MSIL imposes minimum selling price restrictions in the form of maximum discount that can be offered by the dealers, Resale Price Management can decrease the pricing pressure on competing manufacturers. 

The backdrop of this case was that the dealers were discouraged from giving extra discounts, freebies, etc. to consumers beyond what was permitted by MSIL. If found to be violating the Discount Control Policy, the dealers were threatened with imposition of penalty, not only upon the dealership, but also upon its individual persons, including Direct Sales Executive, Regional Manager, Showroom Manager, Team Leader, etc., and stopping of supplies.

Bombay High Court

Fear of stigma, not being believed and being blamed: 17-year-old girl leaving a note to her mother explaining ill deeds of her uncle who sexually harassed her, ended her life

Sexual violence knows no boundaries, it occurs in every country, across all parts of society. The Bombay High Court while noting a case of sexual harassment caused to a child aged 17 years due to which she took the step of ending her life, rejected the bail of the accused.

In this horrendous incident, the miserable fact was that this young girl was hesitant to disclose the ill intentions of the accused who was her own uncle. In a note scribed by the deceased, she had opened her mind to her mother wherein she spoke about her uncle’s ill deed and also offered an explanation as to why she concealed it from her mother. She expressed her helplessness. She suffered the consequences mutely for a year.

Hearing this harrowing incident, the High Court penned down that a child may be subjected to sexual abuse or exploitation at home too. Unfortunately, we have not been able to create an atmosphere in the society where parents, teachers and adults in company of the child can identify signs of abuse and make sure children received care and protection.

To exercise rights, can contractual employees approach a permanent employer? Bom HC verdict determines

Reiterating the well-settled position that contractual employees are not the employees of the principal employer, the Bombay High Court held that

Contractual employees are engaged through contractors, their service conditions are governed by the contracts between them, hence in case of any grievance, they shall approach the contractor and not a principal employer.

Court also observed that these employees work with the principal employer through contractor, only during the contract period. After the contract period is over, their contractor may enter into a contract with another establishment and shift them to work there. From that view of the matter also, they cannot be treated like permanent employees of the principal employer, and therefore, they cannot claim voting rights at par with the permanent employees.

Delhi High Court

Person accused under S. 307 IPC if entered into a compromise with victim, can Court quash criminal proceedings in light of settlement?

Emphasizing on the gravity of seriousness of Section 307 of the Penal Code, the Delhi High Court observed that:

“…an offence under Section 307 IPC will fall under the category of heinous offence, and therefore, has to be treated as a crime against the society and not against the individual alone and the proceedings under Section 307 IPC cannot be quashed only on the ground that the parties have resolved the entire disputes amongst themselves.”

Since in this case, the victim was stabbed with a dangerous weapon i.e. a knife and the injuries caused were of such nature that they would have caused death in ordinary circumstances, the High Court declined to quash the criminal proceedings.

On what basis is an employee compulsory retired? An account of Compulsory Retired, IRS Officer 

Opining that an order of compulsory retirement is not a punishment, nor it attaches any stigma to an employee, the Delhi High Court expressed that:

Fundamental source of compulsorily retiring an employee of the Government is derived from “Doctrine of Pleasure” which springs from Article 310 of the Constitution of India.

If any employee of the Union of India has succeeded in litigation(s), that does not mean that looking to the overall service record of the employee, after certain age as per rules, he cannot be retired by the Union of India. It ought to be kept in mind that compulsory retirement is a subjective satisfaction which has been formed on the basis of the entire service record.

In this case, the petitioner was an officer of the 1985 batch of the Indian Revenue Service. In exercise of powers under Rule 56(j) of Fundamental Rules, respondents had compulsorily retired the petitioner.

Madras High Court

Are Courts bound to protect the interests of the “deity” in temple? Madras HC’s ruling on “Deity” in temple a “Minor”

Asserting that “Deity” in the temple is a “minor” and the court should be astute to protect the interests of an idol in any litigation, the Madras High Court held that,

When the trustee or the Executive Officer or the custodian of the idol, temple and its properties, leave the same in lurch, any person interested in respect of such temple or worshipping deity can certainly be clothed with an ad hoc power of representation to protect its interest.

Kerala High Court

 “If leniency is taken, just considering the fact that she is a young lady, it will be a shame for the whole judicial system”; HC dismisses bail application of infamous fake lawyer

Kerala High Court dismissed the bail application of one Sessy Xavier, the infamous fake lawyer. The Bench stated,

“The illegal activities adopted by her that too before the court of law has to be dealt with an iron hand. If leniency is taken, just considering the fact that she is a young lady, it will be a shame for the whole Judicial system and would shake the confidence of the public in judicial system.”

Read here…

 United States District Court, North District of California

 Apple: A monopolist under Federal or State Law? A win for Epic or Apple?

 While issuing a permanent injunction, stating Apple could no longer prohibit developers linking to their own purchasing mechanisms, the United States District Court for the North District of California held that Epic Games failed to show how Apple Inc. was operating an illegal monopoly.

 Epic Games Inc. sued Apple Inc. alleging violations of federal and state antitrust laws and California’s unfair competition laws based upon Apple’s operation of its App Store. 

Trial did show that Apple was engaging in anti-competitive conduct under California’s competition laws. Further, the Court concluded that Apple’s anti-steering provisions hide critical information from consumers and illegally stifle consumer choice.

Since Apple has created an ecosystem with interlocking rules and regulations, it is difficult to evaluate any specific restriction in isolation or in a vacuum. Thus, looking at the combination of the challenged restrictions and Apple’s justifications, and the lack thereof, the Court found that common threads run through Apple’s practices which unreasonably restrains competition and harm consumers, namely the lack of information and transparency about policies that effect consumers’ ability to find cheaper prices, increased customer service, and options regarding their purchases.

Apple employs these policies so that it can extract supra-competitive commissions from this highly lucrative gaming industry.

Apple Inc. and its officers, agents, servants, employees, and any person in active concert or participation with them were permanently restrained and enjoined from prohibiting developers from

  • including in their apps and their metadata buttons, external links, or other calls to action that direct customers to purchasing mechanisms, in addition to In-App Purchasing and
  • communicating with customers through points of contact obtained voluntarily from customers through account registration within the app.

Legislation Updates

Electronic Duty Credit Ledger Regulations, 2021, notified 

The Central Board of Indirect taxes and Customs has notified the Electronic Duty Credit Ledger Regulations, 2021. The Regulations provide for

  1. Issuance of duty credit in the scroll
  2. Creation of E-scrip 
  3. Registration and Validity of e-scrip
  4. Suspension or cancellation of duty credit 

Goa | Dues Recovery and Settlement Scheme 2020-21 extended till 31.10.2021 

The Government of Goa has extended the last date for clearing the dues on water charges for all Domestic & non-domestic water consumers under the Dues Recovery and Settlement Scheme 2020-21 till October 31, 2021, vide notification dated September 16, 2021.

The scheme applies:

  • To those water consumers who have defaulted on dues up to 31st October 2020,
  • The defaulting water consumers whose cases are referred to Revenue Recovery Court as on October 31, 2020
  • Those water Consumers whose installations are either temporarily or permanently disconnected as on October 31, 2020. 

Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Act, 2021 to come into force on September 24, 2021 

The Central Government notified September 24, 2021 as the date on which the provisions of the  Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Act, 2021(8 of 2021) will come into force.

IRDAI extends timelines for issuance of electronic policies and dispensing with physical signatures on the proposal forms 

The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) has issued extension of timelines for Issuance of Electronic Policies and dispensing with Physical Signatures till March 31, 2022.

No TDS under section 194A on interest payment to a member of scheduled tribe of specified areas under section 10(26) of IT Act

The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT)  has issued a notification  that no deduction of tax shall be made on the following payment under section 194A of the Income-tax Act, 1961, which specifies, Interest other than “interest on securities”, made by a scheduled bank located in a specified area, to a member of Scheduled Tribe residing in any specified area, as referred to in clause (26) of section 10 of the Income-tax Act, 1961 subject to specified conditions.

Legal RoundUpWeekly Rewind

SCC Online Weekly Rewind Episode 27 ft. Nilufer Bhateja, Associate Editor is out now. The written episode along with the video episode can be watched and read below.


Supreme Court 

 “There is a disturbing tendency of courts setting aside arbitral awards …”: SC upholds arbitration award of Rs 2728 crore plus interest in favour of Delhi Airport Metro Express (P) Ltd. 

  A Division Bench comprising of L. Nageswara Rao and S. Ravindra Bhat, JJ. upheld the arbitration award of Rs 2782.33 crore plus interest made by the Arbitral Tribunal in favour of  Delhi Airport Metro Express (P) Ltd. The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the Division Bench of the Delhi High Court which had interfered with the Tribunal’s award. While so deciding, the Supreme Court also observed that: 

“There is a disturbing tendency of courts setting aside arbitral awards, after dissecting and reassessing factual aspects of the cases to come to a conclusion that the award needs intervention …” 

  Read the Full report on the SCC Online Blog here.


If public transportation has to survive and compete with private players, they have to improve system and their working culture | Read SC’s opinion on liability of railways towards passengers for delayed train arrival 

While addressing the matter wherein a passenger suffered loss and agony due to delay in the arrival of train, Supreme Court upheld the decision of NCDRC granting compensation to the passenger as 

  No evidence was led by the railways explaining the delay and/or late arrival of train. The railways were required to lead the evidence and explain the late arrival of train to establish and prove that delay occurred because of reasons beyond their control. 

  At least the railways were required to explain the delay which the railways failed. 

  Court also observed that: 

  These are the days of competition and accountability. If public transportation has to survive and compete with private players, they have to improve the system and their working culture. 

Read the link here.


SC upholds Govt.’s decision to extend tenure of incumbent Director of Enforcement beyond two years, but orders no further extension to be granted 

 While upholding the Central Government’s order extending the tenure of the incumbent Director of Enforcement Sanjay Kumar Mishra for a period of one year, The Supreme Court held that there is no fetter on the power of the Central Government in appointing the Director of Enforcement beyond a period of two years. Interpreting Section 25 of the Central Vigilance Commission Act, 2003 which prescribes the minimum tenure of the Director of Enforcement, the Court observed: 

“The words ‘not less than two years’ cannot be read to mean ‘not more than two years’ and there is no fetter on the power of the Central Government in appointing the Director of Enforcement beyond a period of two years.” Read here.


Nothing wrong with OBC Reservation for consecutive term for the office of Mayor; SC interprets Maharashtra Rules 

Supreme Court set aside the judgment of the Aurangabad bench of the Bombay High Court wherein it was held that the reservation of the Office of Mayor for the Dhule Municipal Corporation for Backward Class (OBC) for a second term, coupled with the fact that there has been no reservation for the Scheduled Caste category, amounted to violation of rotation policy. 

Explaining the rules for interpreting a Statute, the Court said, 

 “… the Court will have to prefer an interpretation which makes the Statute workable. The interpretation which gives effect to the intention of the legislature, will have to be preferred. The interpretation which brings about the effect of result, will have to be preferred than the one which defeats the purpose of the enactment.” 

Read here


“Writing judgments is an art”: Pained by lack of clarity in HC order, Supreme Court explains importance, purpose, contents and elements of a judgment 

  The Supreme Court found itself at pains to note that the order passed by the Allahabad High Court granting bail to murder convicts lacked total clarity as to which part of the judgment and order could be said to be submissions and which part could be said to be the findings/reasonings. Observing that writing judgment is an art, though it involves skilful application of law and logic, the Supreme Court said: 

“It is very unfortunate that by this judgment, we are required to observe the importance of judgment; purpose of judgment and what should be contained in the judgment.” 

Read the detailed report on SCC Online Blog here.



Advocate trying to stall elevation of judicial officer as Judge of Telangana HC: Supreme Court terms writ petition ‘gross abuse of process of law’, imposes 5 lakh as costs 

  In a petition filed by an advocate seeking to stall elevation of a judicial officer as a Judge of the Telangana High Court, The Supreme Court said that the petition was a gross abuse of the process of law and imposed costs of Rs 5 lakh on the petitioner. 

  Supreme Court said that it was surprised at the brazenness of the petitioner now filing a petition under Article 32 of the Constitution. It was observed: 

“We are surprised as the brazenness of the petitioner now filing the present petition under Article 32 of the Constitution of India, the aforesaid being the finding against him, to now somehow see that the elevation of [the Registrar General] does not take place on the account of these proceedings initiated by the petitioner. This is gross abuse of process of law.” 

Link here.


  High Court 


Madras HC 

  Madras HC on setting up Benches of Supreme Court: An Indian, from a far-flung corner, has been unable to approach great Citadel of Justice, hailed as the ‘sentinel on the qui vive’ 

  While observing that the Litigants are compelled to accept the wrong orders in view of inaccessibility to New Delhi and the exorbitant expenses towards engaging a counsel, the Madras High Court , emphasized that, 

When approaching the Supreme Court by a common man remains in dreams only, it would amount to denying justice. 

  Justice Kirubakaran further made a very significant point that: 

  Supreme Court is the custodian of rights of not only the litigants but also the entire population. Time has come to establish Benches of Supreme Court at other places apart from New Delhi. 

When people are aware of their rights, they should have accessibility and affordability to reach every level of hierarchy of Courts. 

To read this very interesting report of Madras HC decision, Check out the SCC Online Blog here.

Tripura High Court 

 To determine emergent and immediate exigencies, authorities concerned must be rationale; Court allows petition of reimbursement of medical bills of judicial officer and wife 

 A retired Judicial Officer went on a family tour and during the said tour he fell seriously ill and consulted with the Doctor. Further his wife also fell ill and got treated in Kolkata. Since both the Judicial Officer and his wife were outside the State of Tripura they could not obtain referral certificate from the State Standing Medical Board and while claiming the bills for treatment, objections were raised. To this the High Court opined that, 

  “it would be an absurdity for retiredjudicial officer and his wife to return to Agartala for the referral certificate from the competent medical board. Human life is precious. Article 21 of the Constitution of India enshrines the right to life which includes the valuable right to health.” 

  “to determine the emergent and immediate exigencies, the authorities concerned must be rationale to each and every separate and variable circumstances following Wednesbury’s Principle of Reasonableness so that it does not shock or hit the conscience of the Court, in addition, with utmost humane touch.” 

Link here

Delhi HC 

Under Pension Rules, if a Government Servant seeks voluntary retirement, he must have completed service of 20 years and may serve notice of 3 months 

In a matter wherein, a Judicial Assistant sought voluntary retirement due to his medical condition, Court observed in view of the Central Civil Services (Pension) Rules, 1972 that: 

Government Servant at any time, after he has completed 20 years of qualifying service, may give a notice of 3 months to retire from the service.  Link here.

Under Indian Army, can mere acceptance of a resignation create a vacancy for being filled up from cadet in waiting? Read what Del HC says 

While addressing a petition seeking direction for issuance of a joining letter for joining the pre-commission training at Officers Training Academy, Chennai, the Division Bench of Manmohan and Navin Chawla, JJ., made a very significant observation that: 

“Mere acceptance of resignation may not be sufficient to consider creation of a vacancy for being filled up from the cadet in the waiting.” 

Link here.

Custodial Violence in Tihar Jail | Remedial action to be taken so that unscrupulous officers at Jail do not take advantage of knowledge of non-working of CCTVs & get away by doing any illegal act 


The Delhi HC has transferred the investigation into death of under-trial prisoner Ankit Gujjar lodged in Tihar Jail, to the Central Bureau of Investigation. It has been alleged that Ankit Gujjar was brutally beaten the Jail Officials and despite repeated PCR calls and messages neither was any effort made to save Ankit nor complaint lodged nor FIR registered. It has been alleged that Ankit Gujjar was  long being harassed by the officials of Tihar Jail as he was unable to meet the regularly increasing demands of money made by them. 

The Court said that if these allegations are correct, it is a very serious offence that requires in-depth investigation to unearth the manner in which alleged extortion was carried out in the prison. Further, an investigation not only as to who all committed the offence of brutally beating Ankit Gujjar resulting in his death has to be carried out, but the role of jail doctors in not providing proper treatment at the right time is also required to be ascertained by a proper inquiry. 

Read here


Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh HC 

 J&K and Ladakh HC | Right to go abroad to pursue studies cannot be denied only on the ground of involvement in a criminal case; HC waives conditional bail order 

  While allowing a person involved in NDPS case, to travel abroad to pursue higher studies, the J&K and Ladakh High Court noted that charges against him were not grave and further observed that, 

“..petitioner cannot be denied the right to go abroad to pursue studies only on the ground that he is involved in a criminal case. Looking to the gravity of charge and the young age of the petitioner and his quest to acquire quality education, the request made appears to be genuine.” 

 Read here.

Freedom of Press v. Breach of Peace and Defamation of authority; HC holds no fetters can be placed on the press by registering FIR 

 Quashing the FIR registered against a journalist for publishing the news report disclosing an incident of Police Brutality, the Jammu Kashmir and Ladakh HC expressed that, 

  “The mode and manner in which the impugned FIR has been lodged clearly reflects the mala fide on the part of respondents as the respondents could have given their version by similar mode but they chose unique method of silencing the petitioner and it is undoubtedly an attack on the freedom of press.” 

 Read here

Himachal Pradesh HC 

HP HC | “Dispatching the gallantry medal directly to the writ petitioner through courier amount to breach of protocol”; Such awards must be given only in ceremonial functions of Independence Day/ Republic Day 

  Considering a writ petition where gallantry award was presented to the awardee after more than 3 years, the Himachal Pradesh HC said that delay in the conferment of gallantry awards should be deprecated. The Court observed that while promoting acts of bravery and courage, gallantry awards are made for ensuring the spirit of bravery the recipients of awards must be honored in ceremonial functions of Republic Day or Independence Day.   

Read here


National Company Law Appellate Tribunal


 ‘Till further orders’, not in order — No bar in merging unhealthy company with healthy company to succour 

  The National Company Law Appellate Tribunal while addressing appeals under Section 421 of the Companies Act stated that, 

  “There is no bar in merging unhealthy company with healthy company to come over the crisis. There was no need perhaps to pass this specific direction”. 

  Read here.


CBDT extends due dates for filing of Income Tax Returns and various reports of audit for assessment year 2021-22 

The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has decided to further extend the due dates for filing of Income Tax Returns and various reports of audit for the Assessment Year 2021-22. 

The last date of filing income tax return has been extended till DEcember 31, 2021.  

FOR MORE DETAILS, refer SCC Online Blog here.


Government of Goa implements free water scheme for all individual domestic consumers 

The Department of Information & Publicity, Goa has implemented free water scheme for all individual domestic consumers with effect from September 1, 2021. 

Further, it is also informed that in order to implement the scheme, the water supply bills for the water charges upto August 31, 2021 will be issued by Public Works Department for all its consumers as informed by the Department of Information and Publicity. 

Read here 


New York Government signs legislation to reduce emissions from vehicles; aims to achieve sale of zero emission vehicles by 2035 

 A new law has been passed by New york Government which aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution from transportation sector.  

Under the Act, new passenger cars, trucks, off road vehicles and equipment sold in New York are targeted to be zero-emissions by 2035, and new medium-duty and heavy-duty vehicles by 2045. The Act also seeks to develop a zero-emissions vehicle development strategy by 2023. 

Read here


Certification requirements of associated persons functioning as Principal officer of a Portfolio Manager, notified 

SEBI has notified the Certification requirements of associated persons functioning as Principal officer of a Portfolio Manager, such as :   

  • Such persons must obtain certification from the National Institute of Securities Markets by passing the NISM-Series-XXI-B. 
  • The Portfolio Managers mustensure that all such persons who obtain the certification by passing the NISM-Series-XXI-B within 2 years from the date of this notification.  

 Read here.


SCC Online Quiz

Judgments from how many historical courts are covered in SCC Online and which is the earliest reported historical case on SCC Online?

Watch the Episode to see the names of the Winners.



 Follow us on Social Media:


Twitter –

Facebook –

Instagram –


Telegram –

Whatsapp –






Legal RoundUpWeekly Rewind

SCC online Weekly Rewind | Episode 26th with Devika Sharma

SCC Online Weekly Rewind Episode 26th ft. Devika Sharma, Senior Editorial Assistant is out now. The written episode along with the video episode can be watched and read below.

Supreme Court

  • Born in a district of Bihar that’s now a part of Jharkhand? Here’s where you can claim reservation 

In a very interesting decision, Supreme Court held that such persons whose place of origin/domicile on or before the appointed day i.e. 15th November, 2000 was of the State of Bihar now falling within the districts/regions which form a successor State, i.e., State of Jharkhand under Section 3 of the Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000 can claim the benefit of reservation for participation in public employment in either of the successor State of Bihar or State of Jharkhand. Reservation can, however, not be claimed in both the States simultaneously.


  • Issue-wise analysis of why SC ordered demolition of illegal twin towers constructed by Supertech, prosecution of NOIDA and Supertech officials for collusion and possible statutory violations

‘The law must step in to protect legitimate concerns of residents whose quality of life is directly affected by the failure of the planning authority to enforce compliance of law.’

Upholding the Allahabad High Court’s decision with respect to ordering demolition of Tower 16 and 17 of Emerald Court constructed by Supertech Ltd. in Noida, Supreme Court found the construction illegal. The two towers were in violation of statutory regulations.

Supreme Court ordered Supertech to refund with interest the amounts invested by allottees of flats in these two towers. Supertech was also ordered to pay costs of Rs 2 crore to the Resident Welfare Association of Emerald Court Group Housing Society, which had initiated proceedings by filing a writ petition in the High Court.

Court further found that the case was replete with instances which highlight collusion between the officers of NOIDA with Supertech and its management. Therefore, the High Court’s direction for sanctioning prosecution against officials of Supertech and NOIDA was also upheld.

Lastly, the Court observed that

“Unfortunately, the diverse and unseen group of flat buyers suffers the impact of the unholy nexus between builders and planners. Their quality of life is affected the most. Yet, confronted with the economic might of developers and the might of legal authority wielded by planning bodies, the few who raise their voices have to pursue a long and expensive battle for rights with little certainty of outcomes. As this case demonstrates, they are denied access to information and are victims of misinformation.”

  • Extend benefits of welfare schemes not only to children orphaned by Covid-19 but also to children orphaned during Covid-19: Supreme Court

 While addressing the plight of children orphaned during Covid-19 pandemic, and Lauding the steps taken by the Union and State governments to provide succour to the children in need, the Bench expressed,

“It is heart-wrenching to note that the survival of so many children is at stake. We are glad that the UOI and the State Governments / Union Territories have announced schemes to provide succour to the children in need. We have no doubt that the authorities concerned would leave no stone unturned to attend to the immediate basic needs of the crestfallen children.”

  • Judges speak through their judgments and orders: Supreme Court pens down it’s opinion on oral regimes

Judges speak through their judgments and orders.

Addressing a very significant matter, Supreme Court expressed that the element of judicial accountability is lost where oral regimes prevail. This would set a dangerous precedent and is unacceptable. Judges, as much as public officials over whose conduct they preside, are accountable for their actions.

  • Repeated inquiries for verification of caste certificates detrimental to members of SC/ST: Supreme Court states when reopening inquiry into caste certificate is permissible

 Supreme Court reversed a judgment of the Madras High Court delivered over a decade ago and held that the State Level Scrutiny Committee had no power to reopen the matter relating to the caste certificate that had been approved by the District Vigilance Committee, without an appeal being filed against such order. The Supreme Court declared that:

“Reopening of inquiry into caste certificates can be only in case they are vitiated by fraud or when they were issued without proper inquiry.”

Supreme Court of the United States


  • Texas Legislation imposing a “near complete ban on abortions” gets a green signal as SCOTUS declines to grant any relief on the matter

In a significant decision which can have major repercussions on a woman’s choice to abort in the United States, the full bench of SCOTUS, with a ratio of 5:4, declined to block the Texas law which imposes a near complete ban on abortions

High Courts

 Kerala High Court

Kerala High Court while addressing the instant suo motu case pertaining to the plight of mentally ill remand prisoners who had been left to languish in prisons due to them being abandoned by family and friends. Calling it blatant violation of basic human rights as well as of fundamental rights guaranteed by the Constitution, the Bench expressed,

“The powerless, voiceless mentally ill prisoners languishing in prisons and mental health centres for years together, embroiled in legal quagmire and abandoned by family and friends. The system and the society presume them to be devoid of knowledge and feeling, thereby turning them into stone.”

Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh High Court

 While dealing with the intriguing question regarding criminal liability of a debtor of abetment of suicide where the creditor has committed suicide on being prompted by debtor’s refusal to repay the loan amount, Rajnesh Oswal, J., answered in negative. The Bench stated,

“Though the different persons may react or respond to a particular situation differently but this court is of the considered opinion that mere refusal to repay the loan cannot in any way can be considered to be an act of abetment to drive the deceased to commit suicide.”

Delhi High Court

Bank Guarantee: Can these be encashed during their validity period? Read Del HC’s opinion on furnishing of bank guarantees

Can Bank Guarantee be encashed during their validity period?

Delhi High Court expressing that no judicial finding is there to state that a Bank Guarantee cannot be encashed during its validity further opined that Bank Guarantees are not furnished for being photo framed and kept in a drawing-room.

 Meghalaya High Court

State not to insist on production of Aadhaar Card as the only proof of identity for vaccination

 High Court of Meghalaya while observing that in respect of the vaccination policy presently adopted by the State of Meghalaya and particularly in remote villages, there were eligible persons who cannot be vaccinated simply because they do not possess any AADHAAR Card.

The Court thus requested the State not to insist on production of AADHAAR Card as the only proof of identity since there were other recognised options available to citizens of India to present their proofs of identity.

Tribunals/Commission/Regulatory Bodies

Central Administrative Tribunal

Can family pension be equated with a compassionate appointment? Can employer deny grant of one benefit because the other one was refused by beneficiary? Tribunal answers

Central Administrative Tribunal held that compassionate appointment cannot be equated with family pension. Slamming the respondents for their insensitive and inconsiderate attitude towards a person with 82% permanent disability, the Bench expressed,

“This correspondence between the 2nd and 3rd respondent indicates lack of any sensitivity and concern towards a physically handicapped person…the net result is that a physically handicapped person, whose parents have expired is being denied the family pension which is due to him as a matter of right in terms of extant rules and regulations.”

Advance Rulings

 Maharashtra Authority for Advance Ruling

Whether reimbursement by Industry Partner to Third Party Aggregator of stipend paid to trainees, would attract GST?

 Industry partner that provides training to the trainees is required to pay stipend to the trainees. The said stipend is not directly paid to the trainees by the companies, rather the same are routed through the applicant. Adding to this, it was stated that the entire amounts received as stipend from the companies are paid to the trainees without any amount being retained and the same was not taxable at the hands of the Industry Partner.


Legislation Updates

  • Government introduces a new registration mark for new vehicles “Bharat series (BH-series)” to facilitate seamless transfer of vehicles 

The Minstry of Road Transport and Highways in order to facilitate seamless transfer of vehicles, has introduced a new registration mark for new vehicles  i.e. “Bharat series (BH-series)”.Avehicle bearing this registration mark shall not require assignment of a new registration mark when the owner of the vehicle shifts from one State to another. 

  •   SEBI issues circular on disclosure of risk-o-meter of scheme, benchmark and portfolio details to the investors 

SEBI has issued a circular for disclosure of risk-o-meter of scheme, benchmark and portfolio details to the investors in order to protect the interests of investors in securities and to promote the development of, and to regulate the securities market.  

A link will be provided to investors to their registered email to enable the investor to directly view/download only the portfolio of schemes subscribed by the said investor. 

  •   Income Tax (25th Amendment) Rules, 2021 

The Central Board of Direct Taxes has passed Income Tax (25th Amendment) Rules, 2021. The Amendment inserts Rule 9D prescribing calculation of taxable interest relating to contribution in a provident fund, exceeding specified limit. Some points are required to be taken in to considerations for the calculation of taxable interest relating to provident fund which can be read in detail on SCC Blog. 

  •   USA – TEXAS | Heartbeat Act, 2021 

After the United States Supreme Court declined the request of urgent stay of Heartbeat Act, 2021, the New Abortion Law comes into force in Texas on September 1, 2021. 

The Act bans abortions if there is a fetal heartbeat that can be detected. It has been in controversy as it bans most abortions after about six weeks of pregnancy as per the medical experts (Act has not specified the weeks). 

Legal RoundUpWeekly Rewind

SCC Online Weekly Rewind Episode 24 ft. Nilufer Bhateja, Associate Editor is out now. The written episode along with the video episode can be watched and read below.

Supreme Court 

 Natural human conduct is to first save oneself’: SC acquits woman accused of setting husband’s first wife on fire and coming out unscathed from conflagrant house 

The Supreme Court reversed the conviction of the accused−appellant who was convicted for the murder of her husband’s first wife and their children. The Court held that the chain of circumstantial evidence was not complete and gave her benefit of doubt. The Court said that natural human conduct is that when there is any incident or accident, the immediate reaction is to get away from the scene and save oneself.


Overruling versus Reversal: SC explains mere overruling of principles by subsequent judgment will not dilute binding effect of decision inter parties 

  In a very interesting matter, Supreme Court held that there is a distinction between overruling a principle and reversal of the judgment. The Supreme Court reaffirmed the settled position of law by explaining that: 

 “Mere overruling of the principles, on which the earlier judgment was passed, by a subsequent judgment of higher forum will not have the effect of uprooting the final adjudication between the parties and set it at naught.”

Read More HERE 

  Rent Act would not come to the aid of a “tenant-­in-­sufferance” vis-­à-­vis SARFAESI Act due to operation of S. 13(2) read with S. 13(13) of SARFAESI Act: SC 

  In another case, addressing a very pertinent issue of whether the rent act would come to the aid of a “tenant in sufferance”, the Supreme Court decided that, 

  Rent Act would not come to the aid of a “tenant-­in-­sufferance” vis-­à-­vis SARFAESI Act due to operation of S. 13(2) read with S. 13(13) of SARFAESI Act

Read More HERE

 Can putting thumb impression instead of sign cause adverse presumption on genuineness of deed? SC discusses 

  Supreme Court while addressing an appeal expressed that, 

Key characteristic of thumb impression is that every person has a unique thumb impression. Forgery of thumb impressions is nearly impossible.  

Merely because the testator chose to append his thumb impression, adverse presumption on genuineness of the cancellation deed cannot be drawn.

Read More HERE


High Courts


Patna High Court

5-Judge Bench of Patna HC directs to demolish entire building of newly erected Waqf Bhawan constructed in close proximity of Centenary Building of the HC; Justice Ahsanuddin Amanullah dissents 

 A Special 5-Judges Bench had by the majority of 4:1, directed to demolish the entire building of newly erected Waqf Bhawan which was constructed in close proximity of the northern side of the newly inaugurated Centenary Building of the Patna High Court. The Court opined. 

 “The structure has been constructed in utter and brazen violation of provisions of law across statutes, starting from Section 32 of the Central Act, through the various provisions of the Municipal Act, and finally Bye-law 21, as discussed above, and must be held to be illegal and non-est from the word go.”

Read More HERE

  Bombay High Court

Principle of “Equal Pay for Equal Work” does not operate in vacuum, it is not a fundamental right but a Constitutional goal depending on several factors 

  Addressing the seminal issue whether Minimum Competency Vocational Course (MCVC) Instructors are justified in claiming Pay Scale at par with the Full-Time Teachers in MCVC on the principle of “Equal Pay For Equal Work” which was enshrined in Articles 14 and 39(d) of the Constitution of India, the Bombay High Court expressed its view that, 

  The principle “Equal Pay For Equal Work” is not a fundamental right but a constitutional goal and entitlement to parity in Pay Scale would depend on several factors such as educational qualifications, nature of the job, duties to be performed, responsibilities to be discharged and experience.

Bombay High Court

  ‘People would be starved of liberty of thought if…’: Know why Bom HC partly stayed IT Rules, 2021 

  While addressing the petitions challenging the Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021, Bombay High Court expressed that, 

Dissent in democracy is vital. 

 People would be starved of the liberty of thought and feel suffocated to exercise their right of freedom of speech and expression, if they are made to live in present times of content regulation on the internet with the Code of Ethics hanging over their head as the Sword of Damocles. 

Read More HERE 

Delhi High Court

 ‘Tragic to note practicing advocates trivialising offence of rape’: Del HC reiterates SC’s stand on whether power under S. 482 CrPC be exercised for quashing offence of rape when parties compromise 

It is tragic to note that practising advocates belonging to the legal fraternity are trivialising the offence of rape. 

In a petition filed under Section 482 of Criminal Procedure Code for quashing the FIR registered for offences under Section 376 IPC, Delhi High Court observed that, 

Rape is not merely a physical assault; it is often destructive of the whole personality of the victim. The act of rape has the ability to scar the mental psyche of the victim and the trauma can persist for years.

Read More HERE

  Bombay High Court

 Gangubai Kathiawadi | Can an adoptive son file for defamation of deceased mother? 

  The Bombay High Court has refused to grnat injunction against the much talked about movie Gangubhai Kathiawadi. The suit was brought by a person who claimed to be adoptive son of Gangubai, making allegations of defamatory content. The Court said that contents of defamatory nature against so-called adoptive mother of appellant died with her death.

Read More HERE



Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules, 2021 

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, has notified the Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules, 2021, which prohibits identified single use plastic items which have low utility and high littering potential by 2022. The Rules also provides for effective implementation of Extended Producer Responsibility. 

Read More HERE

 Essential Defence Services Act, 2021  

The Central Government has notified the Essential Defence Services Act, 2021 on August 11, 2021. THE Act provides power to Central Government to prohibit strikes, lock-outs, and lay-offs in units engaged in essential defence services. 

Read More HERE 

 Securities and Exchange Board of India (Issue of Capital and Disclosure Requirements) (Third Amendment) Regulations, 2021  

The Amendment Regulations reduces the Lock-in period for promoter contribution from 3 years to 18 months 

Read More HERE

Tamil Nadu Government reduces rate of VAT for sale of petrol 

The Government of Tamil Nadu has reduced the VAT for sale of petrol. The Governor has issued the order for reduction of rate of tax payable by any dealer as per the Tamil Nadu Value Added Tax Act, 2006 on sale of petrol with or without additives from 15% plus Rs.13.02 per litre to 13% plus Rs.11.52 per litre.

Read More HERE




Legal RoundUpWeekly Rewind

SCC Online Weekly Rewind Episode 22 ft. Bhumika Indulia, Associate Editor is out now. The written episode along with the video episode can be watched and read below.


Emergency arbitrator’s award is referable to S. 17(1) of Indian Arbitration Act; enforceable under S. 17(2): Scopious analysis of landmark SC ruling in favour of Amazon in dispute with Future Retail


Judges should exercise restraint and avoid unnecessary remarks against conduct of the counsel: SC orders expunging adverse remarks against advocate with 17 yrs of standing at the Bar


No bar to amendment of S. 7 IBC petition until final order; Money decree, recovery certificate in financial creditor’s favour gives fresh cause of action to initiate corporate insolvency resolution process: SC


No work should go unpaid | Whether having different extended age of superannuation for doctors under AYUSH and CHS is justified? SC answers




Madras HC decides whether redacting names of acquitted persons from court record is possible


Is there any law requiring registration of News portals? Which authority is examining content of News before it is circulated? HC asks J&K government


Tribunals/Regulatory Bodies/Commissions

Whether working capital provided by an investor to run a restaurant would come under the ambit of Financial Debt?


Premature retirement does not amount to punishment; Tribunal cannot go into adequacy where adverse facts exist against the employee




Draft Scheme for Compensation to victims of Hit & Run Accidents, 2021


SEBI (Mutual Funds) (Second Amendment) Regulations, 2021


SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) (Third Amendment) Regulations, 2021


Board may grant reward in case of total reward payable is less than or equal to Rs. one crore upon the issuance of the final order


Foreign companies and companies incorporated outside India exempted from purview of sections 387 to 392 to the extent they relate to offering for subscription in the securities and requirements related to prospectus




Tribal Justice by Yogesh Pratap Singh and Suvrashree Panda



2. EBC introduces Hologram Sticker for its Books

Legal RoundUpWeekly Rewind

SCC Online Weekly Rewind Episode 20 ft. Devika Sharma, Senior Editorial Assistant is out now. The written episode along with the video episode can be watched and read below.

Supreme Court

Part IX-B of Constitution relating to cooperative societies unconstitutional for want of ratification by half of the States; Provisions relating to multi-State cooperative societies severable and valid: SC

In a major ruling this week, a 3-Judge Bench of the Supreme Court held that the Constitution (97th Amendment) Act, 2011 which inter alia inserted Part IX-B, is ultra vires the Constitution insofar it is concerned with the subject of Cooperative Societies, for want of the requisite ratification under Article 368(2) proviso. At the same time, the Court by a majority of 2:1, followed doctrine of severability in declaring that Part IX-B is operative insofar as it concerns Multi-State Cooperative Societies both within various States and in Union Territories. Justice R.F. Nariman and Justice B.R. Gavai formed the majority. Whereas Justice K.M. Joseph penned a separate opinion dissenting partly with the majority. He expressed inability to concur with the view on the application of doctrine of severability.

Can Courts modify Arbitral Awards under S. 34 of Arbitration Act or is power limited? SC decides

Whether the power of a Court under Section 34 of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 to ‘set aside’ an award of an arbitrator would include the power to modify such an award? Answering this interesting and important question in the negative, the Supreme Court said that:

“If one were to include the power to modify an award in Section 34, one would be crossing the Lakshman Rekha.”

While laying down this law, the Supreme Court reversed a Madras High Court judgment which had ruled that at least insofar as arbitral awards made under the National Highways Act, 1956 are concerned, Section 34 of the Arbitration Act must be so read as to permit modification of an arbitral award made under the National Highways Act so as to enhance compensation awarded by an Arbitrator.

Supreme Court closes suo motu case as U.P. Government expresses decision to postpone Kanwar Yatra to next year

In another case, while closing the suo motu case regarding “Kanwar Yatra during pandemic”; the Division Bench comprising of Justice R.F. Nariman and Justice B.R. Gavai directed the authorities to be cautious towards public health and safety. The Bench stated,

“We may only remind the authorities at all levels to have regard to Article 144 of the Constitution, and ensure that untoward incidents which directly affect the lives of the public will be looked upon sternly and prompt action taken immediately.”

Will a subsequent purchaser stepping into shoes of original allottee in housing project have same rights as that of original allottee? SC explains

Giving a major relief to homebuyers, the Supreme Court held that rights of a subsequent purchaser are the same as that of an original allottee in a housing project. The Court said that in the event the subsequent purchaser claims refund, on an assessment that he too can (like the original allottee) no longer wait, and face intolerable burdens, the equities would have to be moulded.

High Court

Delhi High Court

Whether a Chief Minister’s promise to its citizens is enforceable?

Whether a promise made by a Chief Minister to its citizens is enforceable?

Well, the Delhi High Court says yes it is! Justice Prathiba M. Singh pronounced a one of its kind ruling. The Court said that the Law has evolved the doctrines of  legitimate expectation and promissory estoppel to ensure that promises made by the Government, its officials and other authorities are not broken and are, in fact, judicially enforceable, subject to certain conditions.

The High Court expressed that,

A statement given in a consciously held press conference, in the background of the lockdown announced due to the pandemic and the mass exodus of migrant labourers, cannot be simply overlooked. Proper governance requires the Government to take a decision on the assurance given by the CM, and inaction on the same cannot be the answer.

In the backdrop of this decision, was a press conference held by the Chief Minister of Delhi during the ongoing Covid pandemic where he gave a solemn assurance that the Government would take care of the tenants who are unable to pay the rent due to poverty.

Andhra Pradesh High Court

AP HC | Is girlfriend or concubine a “relative” of husband, liable to be prosecuted for cruelty under S. 498-A IPC? Court decides

 Can a Girlfriend or concubine of husband be prosecuted for cruelty under the Penal Code, 1860?

Andhra Pradesh High Court held that a Girlfriend or concubine, being not connected by blood or marriage, is not a relative of the husband for the purpose of Section 498-A IPC.

Allahabad High Court

Man murdered wife and 4 minor daughters and burned them. Will this case fall under rarest of rare category? Allahabad HC decides

 The Allahabad High Court dealt with a case of an accused who committed murder in most brutal and barbaric manner of his wife and four minor daughter to pave way to marry another lady. Not only this, but he also chopped off various parts of their bodies and inflicted severe incised wounds. In such above background of the case, the High Court upheld the trial court’s decision of awarding death penalty to the accused. Court expressed that

The accused is a menace to the Society and, therefore, imposition of lesser sentence than that of death sentence, would not be adequate and appropriate.

Punjab and Haryana High Court

Maintaining elderly parents is not only a value based principle but a bounden duty under Maintenance and Welfare of Parents Act 

Recently, the Punjab and Haryana High Court addressed plight of a 72-year-old widowed mother who had been ousted from her house by her son and was given beatings. The Court observed that,

“It is often seen that after receiving property from their parents, children abandon them. In such situation, the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007 is an enabling lifeline for such old, aged parents and senior citizens who are not looked after by their children and become neglected lots.”

Further, the Court held that the children are expected to look after their elderly parents properly which is not only a value based principle but a bounden duty as enshrined within the mandate of the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007.

“Nightmarish and traumatic”; HC denies bail in a case of sodomy committed to an 8-year-old child

 In a case with very disturbing accusations, the Punjab & Haryana High Court rejected the bail application of the applicant accused of committing an act of sodomy to an 8 year old child. The Bench stated that,

“Accused has spoiled the life of a young child by his hateful acts. The petitioner comes out to be a sex maniac, himself a teenager, indulging in perverse sexual acts. His conduct cannot be taken lightly, since if released on bail, he may victimize several other innocent children and is a grave threat to the society.”

It was alleged that accused had attempted to commit unnatural sex with a child of young age of 8 years, making him undergo nightmarish and traumatic experience, which may haunt him for the rest of his life.

Kerala High Court

Kerala High Court

Harassment, abuse and torture of wife within seven months of marriage; HC denies anticipatory bail to doctor

Expressing concern over violence against married women, the Kerala High Court rejected the bail application of a doctor and his family accused of dowry demand and cruelty against his wife within seven months of marriage. Calling ‘matrimonial homes the most dangerous place to live’ due to harassment, abuse and torture, the Bench remarked that the number of cases of attack towards married women in our country is alarming, though stringent laws are there and the same has to be stopped forever. The Court observed that:

“Harassment, abuse and torture both mental and physical towards married ladies are increasing day by day in our country to pressurize them to bring more wealth to the family of the bridegroom to improve their financial situation. Though so many cases are being registered against husbands and in laws there is no change in the attitude of the society towards married women and family members.”

 Gauhati High Court

“Not based on intelligible differentia”; HC stays Arunachal Pradesh Govt.’s order discriminating between vaccinated and non-vaccinated persons

 The Gauhati High Court stayed the order of the State Executive Committee of Arunachal Pradesh whereby non-vaccinated persons for Covid-19 were being discriminated for the purpose of permit to enter the State for developmental works in both public and private sector.

Additionally, the Court stated that,

“if the sole object of issuing the impugned order was for containment of the Covid-19 pandemic and its further spread in the State of Arunachal Pradesh, the classification sought to be made between vaccinated and unvaccinated persons was, prima facie, a classification not founded on intelligible differentia nor it was found to have a rational relation/nexus to the object sought to be achieved by such classification, namely, containment and further spread of Covid-19 pandemic.”

District Court

“Utterly shocked”; “No one allowed to ignite religious riots, blow hatred towards particular group or community”: Court rejects bail plea of accused booked over hate speech

Expressing shock over an incident of hate speech in a public gathering, the Court of Judicial Magistrate, Patuadi, Gurugram dismissed bail plea of Rambhagat Gopal who had allegedly delivered hate speech instigating abduction and killing of girls of a particular community. The Court observed that,

“If right of freedom of speech is allowed to be used to spread hatred amongst the people based on religion, caste, etc. then the very basic nature of the constitution and Indian Society will be shattered and the country will lose its true spirit and soul.”

Further, the Court stated that,

“Conscience of the Court is utterly shocked while seeing the actual incidents which took place at that time, in video recording. It seems that now a normal parent would tell stories to their children that there used to be a time when talks of hatred or the religious intolerance in our society used to be seen as a sign of diminishing social values.”

International Court

European Court of Justice

Prohibiting Islamic headscarf and other religious signs at workplace isn’t discriminatory

In a significant ruling, the European Court of Justice held that prohibiting Islamic headscarf and any visible sign of political, ideological or religious beliefs does not constitute discrimination on the grounds of religion.


 Legislation updates 

Issuance and listing of securities by Start-ups, SMEs and SPAC notified via International Financial Services Centres Authority (Issuance and Listing of Securities) Regulations, 2021 

The International Financial Services Centres Authority has notified the International Financial Services Centres Authority (Issuance and Listing of Securities) Regulations, 2021 to ensure that capital markets in IFSCs support the financing of innovative business models and also, for the Issuance and listing of securities by Start-ups, Small Medium Enterprises and Special Purpose Acquisition Company.  


Rates of Dearness Allowance to Central Government employees revised 

The Ministry of Finance has issued a memorandum on the revision of Dearness Allowance to the Central Government employees. The dearness allowance has been enhanced from 17% to straight 28% of the basic pay for the employees with effect from July 01, 2021.  


IBBI issues circular for filing of Form CIRP 8 under the IBBI (Insolvency Resolution Process for Corporate Persons) Regulations, 2016 

 IBBI has released Form CIRP 8 which as per Regulation 40B of CIRP Regulation, every resolution professional is required to file intimating details of his opinion and determination under regulation 35A, by 140th day of the insolvency  commencement date. The Form CIRP 8 is required to be filed for all corporate insolvency resolution processes ongoing or commencing on or after 14th July 2021. 

For the Format of FORM CIRP 8, read our story on SCC Online Blog  

SEBI issues Circular on “Block Mechanism in demat account of clients undertaking sale transactions” 

SEBI issues Circular on “Block Mechanism in demat account of clients undertaking sale transactions” after extensive consultations with Depositories, Clearing Corporations and Stock Exchanges to provide a mechanism of block in the demat account of clients undertaking sale transactions.  

Legal RoundUpWeekly Rewind

15th Episode of SCC Online Weekly Rewind featuring Nilufer Bhateja, Associate Editor bringing you the most important and interesting stories from the field of law is out now! Check out the link below.

     Supreme Court  

Class XII students’ evaluation scheme by CBSE and ICSE approved by Supreme Court with two additions 

As the second wave of COVID-19 disrupts the Class XII exams, the Supreme Court has accepted the schemes presented by CBSE and ICSE for assessment of Class XII students. 

The Court however, made clear that the scheme must incorporate two aspects: 

(i) providing for Dispute Resolution mechanism, in case the students apply for correction of the final result declared by the concerned Boards. 

(ii) the time-line to be specified for (a) declaration of the result and (b) the date before which the optional examination will be conducted, subject to conducive situation and logistical constraints.  

All proceedings against Italian marines accused for killing two Indian fisherman in 2012, closed 

In the 2012 incident wherein two fishermen were killed while fishing off the coast of Kerala after allegedly two Italian Military Naval officials fired at them from a passing ship, the Supreme Court has closed all the proceedings against the marines in India including criminal proceedings in exercise of powers under Article 142 of the Constitution of India. 

The decision came after the Republic of Italy deposited Rs. Ten Crores based on arbitral award and the State of Kerala, the owner of the boat as well as the heirs of the deceased fishermen agreed to accept the award.  

Import of prohibited goods impacting the Indian farmers and national economy, liable to absolute confiscation 

In the case relating to confiscation of a large quantity of yellow peas imported from China, the Supreme Court has held that the goods in question are to be held liable to absolute confiscation but with a relaxation of allowing reexport, on payment of the necessary redemption fine and subject to the importer discharging other statutory obligations. 

Noticing that the personal interests of the importers who made improper imports are pitted against the interests of national economy and more particularly, the interests of farmers, the Court said, 

“When personal business interests of importers clash with public interest, the former has to, obviously, give way to the latter.” 

High Courts 

Madras High Court 

Viewing ‘Child Pornography’ is an offence? Is there a distinction between a one-time consumer of ‘child pornography’ and someone who distributes and transmits it on a digital domain? 

 In a matter addressing the concern of child pornography, Madras High Court noted that though Child Pornography warrants firm approach but cases wherein a person is a one time consumer will be distinguished from those who transmit or propagate or display or distribute the same in the digital domain.  In this case, petitioner had sought anticipatory bail as he had browsed, downloaded and transmitted child pornographic material.  


Delhi High Court

 Natasha Narwal, Asif Iqbal Tanha and  Devangana Kalita granted bail in Delhi Riots case 

Natasha Narwal, Devangana Kalita and Asif Iqbal Tanha have been garnted bail by the Delhi High court, they were booked under the provisions of Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 (UAPA) following investigation into their role in Delhi riots amidst the then ongoing anti-CAA protests. 

In the Order granting bail to one of the activists Natasha Narwal the High Court observed that 

“…that allegations relating to inflammatory speeches, organising of chakka jaam, instigating women to protest and to stock-pile various articles and other similar allegations, in Court’s opinion were, at worst,  evidence that the appellant participated in organising protests, but it cannot be discerned that the appellant incited violence, what to talk of committing a terrorist act or a conspiracy or act preparatory to the commission of a terrorist act as understood in the UAPA.” 

 “…in its anxiety to suppress dissent, in the mind of the State, the line between the constitutionally guaranteed right to protest and terrorist activity seems to be getting somewhat blurred.” 

Kerala High Court 

 A monosyllabic “yes” does not amount to plea of guilty 

  Kerala High Court while issuing guidelines to be followed before acting upon the pleading of guilt by an accused held that a monosyllabic “yes” cannot amount to pleading guilty and observed that, 

  “The words ‘plea and guilty, the term ‘pleading guilty’ should be require a positive and informed act of admitting all the elements of the offence/s. Mere lip service or a monosyllabic ‘yes’, in reply to a pointed question by the court, cannot, under any circumstance, be equated with, or accepted as, pleading of guilt by the accused.” 


Patna High Court  

  Sensitize judicial officers towards Child rights; HC urges Chief Justice 

  While addressing the issue of minors being put to observational homes in routine manner in spite of them being willing to reside with relatives, the Bench of Patna High Court observed that, the judicial officers are required to be sensitized on the subject and further remarked: 

“The judicial officers are required to be sensitized on this issue otherwise similar examples will kept on coming before this Court. The need to keep a child in the Observation Home or to allow him/her to stay with her parents/guardians is one of the most essential consideration which is required to be given by the Magistrates when they find that a minor girl or victim of a crime is produced before them. There cannot be a remand of a victim girl to an Observation Home in a routine manner.” 



Competition Commission of India 

  ABFI prohibits State Baseball Associations from joining unrecognised leagues, threatens disciplinary action | CCI to examine such conduct in light of provisions of Competition Act 

  Competition Commission of India held that Amateur Baseball Federation of India contravened the provisions of Section 4 of the Competition Act, 2002 as ABFI prohibited the State  Baseball Associations from joining unrecognized leagues and threatened for disciplinary action. Therefore, Commission stated that the matter warranted investigation. 


International Courts 

European Court of Justice 

  ECJ authorizes the Member States to lift “one-stop shop” veil, making Facebook and other Tech giants vulnerable to potential sanctions in EU 

  In a long-fought battle against Facebook the Belgian Data Protection Authority had secured a major win.  The decision of the Grand Chamber made Facebook and other Tech companies vulnerable to potential sanctions in the European Union after the Court authorized the supervisory authority of a Member State to lift the “one-stop-shop” veil. 


Legislation Updates

Environment (Protection) Amendment Rules, 2021 

the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has issued the Environment (Protection) Amendment Rules, 2021 to further amend the Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986 and modifying Rule 5(3)(d), which specifies the time duration for Central Government  to consider objections and impose restrictions/prohibitions: 

“Provided that on account of COVID-19 pandemic, for the purpose of this clause, the period of validity of the notification expiring in the financial year 2020-2021 and 2021- 2022 shall be extended up to December 31, 2021 or six months from the end of the month when the relevant notification would have expired without any extension, whichever is later.”  

 Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Amendment Rules, 2021 

The Amendment through Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Amendment Rules, 2021 omits Rule 4 in the Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Rules, 2014 which provides Matters which not to be dealt with in a meeting through video conferencing or other audio visual means.  


Central Council of Indian Medicine stands dissolved w.e.f June 11, 2021 

 The Indian Medicine Central Council Act, 1970 is repealed in pursuance of provisions of section 58(1) of National Commission for Indian System of Medicine Act, 2020 with effect from June 11, 2021. With effect from the said date, the Central Council of Indian Medicine constituted under section 3(1) of the Indian Medicine Central Council Act, 1970 shall stand dissolved and the Board of Governors appointed under section 3A of the said Act shall vacate their office.  

Due date for GST compliances extended 

 The Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs vide notification no. 24/2021 dated 01.06.2021 has extended due date of compliances which fall during the period from “15.04.2021 to 29.06.2021”. 

Book Releases

 Consumer Protection Act: A Commentary: a comprehensive textbook on the new consumer protection act by  G. B. Reddy and Baglekar Akash Kumar

Ahmad Siddique’s Criminology, Penology and Victimology by S.M.Afzal Qadri which is updated with the latest cases and statutory developments.



Legal RoundUpWeekly Rewind

11th Episode of SCC Online Weekly Rewind featuring Nilufer Bhateja, Associate Editor bringing you the most important and interesting stories from the field of law is out now! Check out the link below.


IBC provisions on insolvency of personal guarantors valid  

In an important verdict, the Supreme Court has upheld the legality of the notification dated 15.11.2019  and has held that approval of a resolution plan does not ipso facto discharge a personal guarantor to a corporate debtor of her or his liabilities under the contract of guarantee.   

The Court said that the Parliamentary intent was to treat personal guarantors differently from other categories of individuals and hence, the impugned Notification does not amount to impermissible and selective application of provisions of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code. 



Allahabad High Court

Court observes state’s health system is “Ram Bharose”, gives suggestions to improve vaccination rate and health infrastructure

 An order was given on 11th May by the Court which had directed that the Pandemic Public Grievance Committee should be formed in each district, the Court noted that the government had filed an affidavit stating they had passed directions to form a committee in each district on 13th May, 2021. The Court gave various suggestions to the state to improve the vaccination rate and its health infrastructure.  

Commenting on an instance where a patient who had fainted in the washroom of a Medical College, Meerut, fainted and died and his body was disposed of by the hospital as an unidentified body, the Court came down heavily on the state and observed that if this is the state of affairs of treatment at medical College in the city like Meerut then the entire medical system of the State pertaining to the smaller cities and villages can only be taken to be like a famous Hindi saying ‘Ram Bharose’ 


Bombay High Court

“How such drug in such short supply, is available to Politicians and Actors for distribution to public at large?”HC pulls up state over inadequate crisis management 

The Bombay High Court have expressed its displeasure on casual attitude of the authorities in complying with the Court’s orders and criticized the strategy adopted by the State government for allocation of Remdesivir drug to the hospitals. The Court said that  

“The allotment of Remdesivir appears to have been made on the basis of ‘functional bed capacity’ of each of the hospitals. Whether such allocation would cater to the actual need of the patients has not been explained to us.” 

 Read more  

Chhattisgarh High Court

Judicial separation in place of divorce not to be granted mechanically in applications for divorce by mutual consent; Serious dispute not pre-requisite for seeking mutual consent

Holding that there not be a serious dispute between a married couple for seeking a divorce by mutual consent., the Chhattisgarh High Court has held that a couple may seek divorce by mutual consent even in absence of any quarrel or dispute and in such a case it is not for the court to search for a ground or a reason, which has compelled the parties to seek divorce by mutual consent.    


Delhi High Court

‘Permanency’ as an element of ‘Shared Household’ concept under Domestic Violence Act: Can old-aged parents-in-law be restrained from selling their house in light of shared household consequences? Read Court’s proposition

In an interesting case on domestic violence, the Delhi High Court has held that short durational visits or stay of daughter-in-law at the house of the parents-in- law would not get the house a colour of being a shared house hold. 

Read more 

Gauhati High Court

 “Prima facie her personal views”; HC grants bail to the writer charged with sedition for her facebook post on maoist attack in Chhattisgarh 

The bail has been granted by Gauhati High Court to the renowned Assamese writer, Sikha Sarma in connection with sedition case lodged against her for posting controversial facebook post regarding death of 22 CrPF jawans in an anti-naxal operation. 


Kerala High Court

Court allows Malayali couple stuck in Israel to register their marriage in Kerala via video conferencing

In a very interesting case, The Court directed the Local Registrar to register the marriage of couple living in Israel through virtual mode. The couple got married in 2020 and both of them were working in Israel. Due to COVID-19 pandemic, the couple was unable to travel back to India and get their marriage registered before the Local Registrar.  


Madras High Court

25 long years of separation, but no decree of divorce granted – Why? Read whether HC dissolves the marriage or not

In a case where a married couple was living separately for 25 years, the Madras High Court has held that not granting a decree of divorce would be disastrous for the parties. 

Stating that a human problem can be properly resolved by adopting a human approach, the Court said that preservation of a ruined marriage was totally unworkable. 


Orissa High Court

Children in Conflict with Law: JJ Act distinguishes between children below and above 16 years of age with regard to enquiry but not for the purpose of bail

Deciding on the rights of the Children in Conflict with Law, the Orissa High Court has held that while the Juvenile Justice Act distinguishes between children below and above 16 years of age with regard to enquiry, it does not do so for the purpose of bail. The Court held that the bail of both categories of CICLs is to be considered as per the mandate of Section 12 of the Act. 

Read more: 

Punjab and Haryana High Court

After two back to back orders refusing to grant protection to two live-in couples, calling live-in-relationships morally unacceptable, the Punjab and Haryana High Court granted protection to a live-in couple who were under threat of physical harm by their own family.

The Court said that Live-in- relationships are neither prohibited nor amount to commission of any offence and that live-in couples are entitled to equal protection of laws as any other citizen of the country. Read more:




Delhi Government directs principal employers to mandatorily register their Inter-State Migrant workers with Labour Department 

Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi directed the principal employers employing or (have employed during the last 12 months) the workers through outsourcing to mandatorily register with the labour department through e-district portal of government of NCT Delhi. 


Consumer Protection (E-Commerce) (Amendment) Rules, 2021 comes into force 

The Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution has notified Consumer Protection (E-Commerce) (Amendment) Rules, 2021 on May 17, 2021 to amend the Consumer Protection (E-Commerce) Rules, 2020. 

The amendment makes it mandatory for the e-commerce entity to appoint a nodal officer or an alternative senior designated person to ensure compliance under the Act or Rules. 




Government extends certain timelines in light of severe pandemic 

 The Central Government, in continuation of its commitment to address the hardship being faced by various stakeholders on account of the severe Covid-19 pandemic, has, on consideration of representations received from various stakeholders,decided  to  extend timelines for compliances under the Income-tax Act,1961 

  • due date of furnishing of Return of Income for the Assessment Year 2021-22, which is 31st July, 2021 under sub-section (1) of section 139 of the Act, has been extended to 30th September, 2021
  • due date of furnishing of Report of Audit under any provision of the Act for the Previous Year 2020-21, which is 30th September, 2021, is extended to 31st October, 2021; 
  • due date of furnishing of Return of Income for the Assessment Year 2021-22, which is 31st October, 2021 under sub-section (1) of section 139 of the Act, is extended to 30th November, 2021

Read more: 

 New Recommendations of National Expert Group on Vaccine Administration for COVID-19 (NEGVAC) accepted by Union Ministry of Health 

The National Expert Group on Vaccine Administration for COVID-19 (NEGVAC) has issued fresh recommendations regarding COVID-19 vaccination with the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 

  • Individuals having lab test proven COVID-19 illness their vaccination is to be deferred by 3 months after recovery. 
  • COVID-19 patients who have been given anti-SARS-2 monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma: in their case the COVID-19 vaccination is to be deferred by 3 months from the date of discharge from the hospital. 
  • Individuals who have received at least the 1st dose and got COVID-19 infection before completion of the dosing schedule: in their case the 2nd dose should be deferred by 3 months after clinical recovery from COVID-19 illness. 
  • Persons with any other serious general illness requiring hospitalization or ICU care should also wait for 4-8 weeks before getting the COVID-19 vaccine. 



Legal RoundUpWeekly Rewind

7th Episode of SCC Online Weekly Rewind featuring Bhumika Indulia, Associate Editor bringing you the most important and interesting stories from the field of law is out now! Check out the written episode below.

Supreme Court 

♦ Chief Justice SA Bobde retires; Justice NV Ramana takes oath as the 48th Chief Justice of India

Faced with the unprecedented situation of COVID-19 pandemic forcing the Courts to function virtually, Justice SA Bobde retired on April 23rd after a stint of 17 months as the Chief Justice of India and a total of 8 years as a Supreme Court Judge.  

ON April 24th, Justice NV Ramana took oath as the 48th Chief Justice of India.  

Chief Justice SA Bobde retires: A look at his legacy and justice in the time of COVID-19:

3 Important rulings on pendency of cases and vacancies in High Courts

Right before his retirement, CJI Bobde, aling with Justice L. Nageswara Rao and Justice S. Ravindra Bhat, gave 3 important rulings to deal with the pendency of cases and vacancies in the High Courts. 

  1. All High Courts to take expeditious steps to incorporate the Draft Rules of Criminal Practice, 2021 as part of the rules governing criminal trials. This will help in removing the common deficiencies in criminal trials thereby leading to faster disposal of cases. 
  2. Taking note of the existing 220 vacancies in the High Court, the Supreme Court has stressed upon the importance of the Chief Justices of the High Courts making recommendations in time. 
  3. General guidelines for the appointment of ad hoc Judges to deal with the unprecedented situation arising from the backlog of cases pending in the High Courts, which has now crossed the figure of 57 lakh coupled with the consistent ratio of vacancies of almost 40 per cent. In the extensive guidelines, the Court has also laid down 5 “trigger points” for activation of dormant Article 224A. 

♦ Allahabad High Court’s “lockdown” judgment stayed

High Courts

♦  Bom HC | “Elderly citizens being asked to choose between devil and the deep sea”: HC not impressed with Centre’s reply on petition for door-to-door vaccination for elderly and disabled citizens

Bombay High Court while addressing a concern regarding the door-to-door vaccination for elderly and disabled citizens said that it is for the government and its appropriate department to explore ways and means to prevent contamination as well as exposure of vaccine beyond recommended temperature so that vaccination programme can be taken to doorsteps of elderly and disabled citizens.

2. Bom HC | “Serum Institute coined the term ‘Covishield’, took substantial steps towards development and manufacture”: Court finds no merit in Cutis Biotech’s passing off action

In an appeal with respect to passing of an injunction against the use of name COVISHIELD by Serum Institute of India for its COVID-19 Vaccine, Bombay High Court observed that 

A temporary injunction directing Serum Institute to discontinue the use of mark ‘Covishield’ for its vaccine will cause confusion and disruption in the Vaccine administration programme of the State

COVID-19 Surge | Bom HC | Reports of RT-PCR Tests to be made available on Whatsapp; COVID positive patients reports to be uploaded within 24 hours on ICMR portal

While addressing the issue with regard to difficulties being faced by the patients in obtaining RT-PCR reports, Bombay High Court directed the laboratories that the said reports be made available on WhatsApp and to be uploaded on ICMR portal within 24 hours for the patients testing positive, whereas for the patients who test negative to be uploaded on the portal within 7 days.

Del HC | “Wastage of a single dose of vaccine is a criminal waste”

While addressing the concerns arising out of the COVID-19 pandemic, High Court noted that 44 lakhs vaccines were wasted out of the 10 crores vaccines allocated to different State due to the restriction of age or category of people who were entitled to take the vaccine and hence remarked that: 

Wastage of even a single dose of vaccine, when the same is proving to be life–saving, would be a criminal waste.


Ori HC | Suo Moto matter taken regarding death of sanitation workers in two incidents; Directions laid down regarding abolition of manual scavenging

Division Bench of Orissa High Court directed compensation to the grieving families of the sanitation workers who were engaged in manually cleaning a sewer line and died of asphyxiation, made noteworthy observations regarding the sorry plight of manual scavengers



Legislation Updates

Commission for Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas Ordinance, 2021



​♦ Union Health Ministry issues Regulatory Pathways for foreign produced COVID-19 Vaccines

NewsWeekly Rewind

SCC Online Weekly Rewind Episode 2 where we curate the most important and interesting stories to keep you abreast of all the latest developments in the field of law.

The second episode, featuring our Associate Editor Prachi Bhardwaj, has brought significant judgments delivered by the Supreme Court and High Courts last week, along with legislation updates and fact check.


  • No more asking sexual offence survivor to tie Rakhi or get married to the accused; Supreme Court calls for gender sensitisation of judges and lawyers. Read Directions –

  • Ineligible promoters under Section 29A IBC can’t propose compromise or arrangement schemes under Section 230 of the Companies Act, 2013: Supreme Court –​

  • Proceedings instituted under Consumer Protection Act, 1986 not to be transferred to fora created under 2019 Act with newly prescribed pecuniary limits –​


  • Kerala High Court| “We cannot take recourse to the outdated provisions of 1948 to deal with the realities of life in the year 2021”; Kerala HC directs NCC to consider enrolment of a trans woman in the female wing –​

  • Bombay High Court| Does Copyright Act requires mandatory registration to seek protection under the Act? Justice G.S. Patel explains –​


  •  [Amazon v. Future Retail] From Emergency Arbitrator to Group of Companies Doctrine – Delhi HC covers all while restraining Future Group from proceeding further with Disputed transaction-​


Amsterdam Court | Uber to provide access to the individual ratings of private hire drivers -​


  • Rajya Sabha passes Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2021  -​

  • Companies Act, 2013 amended –​

  • All India Tourist Vehicles (Authorisation or Permit) Rules, 2021 notified –​


Will the Salaries of MPs increase from April 1, 2021? –​

Read More:

SCC Online Weekly Rewind Volume 1 Episode 1