Calcutta High Court
Case BriefsHigh Courts

   

Calcutta High Court: The Division Bench of Subrata Talukdar and Krishna Rao, JJ. has allowed an appeal filed against the order passed by the Single Judge wherein he had refused to interfere with the order of transfer issued against the appellant by the Chairman, North 24 Parganas District Primary School Council.

The appellant was initially appointed as Assistant Teacher of Primary School on 25-12-1998. On 07-10-2021 the appellant was transferred to Beraberi F.P. Primary/Junior Basic School under Habra Circle aggrieved by which appellant had preferred a Writ Application and the Single Judge had passed an order of stay and directed the DPSC North 24 Parganas to file report specifying the reasons of such transfer and accordingly, the District Inspector of School had filed a report before the Single Judge and after considering the report, the order of transfer was set aside.

After the order passed by the Single Judge, the Chairman issued an order of transfer of the appellant on 24-12-2021 by transferring the appellant to Subhasnagar F.P. School under the same circle. Being aggrieved with the order of transfer, the appellant had preferred a writ application and the Single Judge had dismissed the writ petitioner which is impugned in the instant appeal.

Counsel appearing on behalf of the appellant by referring to the West Bengal Primary Education (Transfer of Teacher including Head Teacher) Rule, 2002 submitted that the District Primary School Council may either on its own motion or on an application from a teacher can transfer an approved teacher within its jurisdiction from one Primary School to another Primary School.

The Court noted that in the present case the Chairman has invoked the authority of the Council by transferring the appellant from one school to another School, which is not permissible under law. Rule 4 specifically authorized the council to transfer an approved teacher and in the instant case admittedly the Chairman had issued the order of transfer and North 24 Parganas District Primary School Council never took any decision for transfer of the appellant. The Court thus held that the impugned transfer order can’t sustain in the eyes of law.

The Court while allowing the appeal was of the opinion that the Chairman, North 24 Parganas District Primary School Council did not have the authority or jurisdiction to issue the impugned transfer order to the appellant. The appellant had already joined the transferred post without prejudice to her right and contentions thus, she was directed the respondent council to allow the appellant to resume her duties at Barasat Mahatma Gandhi G.S.F.P. School No.1 under Barasat West Circle where she was discharging her duties before.

[Dipika Bala Biswas v. State of West Bengal, MAT 3 of 2022, decided on 05-08-2022]


Advocates who appeared in this case :

Joytosh Majumdar and Shamim-ul-Bari, Advocates, for the Appellant;

Jahar Datta and Milon Kumar Maity, Advocates, for the State;

Arabinda Chatterjee, Bhaskar Prasad Vaisya and Pinaki Bhattacharyya, Advocates, for the DPSC North 24 Parganas.


*Suchita Shukla, Editorial Assistant has reported this brief.

Himachal Pradesh High Court
Case BriefsHigh Courts

Himachal Pradesh High Court: Chander Bhusan Barowalia, J., while allowing the present petition, held the impugned transfer order to be arbitrary and inconsistent with the Service/Appointment Rules.

 Brief Facts

The facts of the case are enumerated herewith;

  1. That in the year 1986, the petitioner on his appointment as Clerk, was given posting in the office of Division Forest Office, Kotgarh and in 1989, he was transferred to Division Forest Office Nichar, District Kinnaur.
  2. That as per the petitioner, in the year 1999, he was further transferred to Wild Life Division Sarahan and in 2017 he was transferred to Wild Life Circle, Shimla.
  3. That subsequently, in 2018, he was further transferred to Forest Division Reckong Peo, Kinnaur
  4. That through an impugned order dated 20-08-2020, the petitioner was transferred from Forest Division Reckong Peo, Kinnaur, to the Office of APD, JICA Project Rampur, District Shimla and as per the petitioner, he was transferred only to accommodate private respondent 3.
  5. That as per the petitioner he had not completed his normal stint at the said place of posting
  6. That the petitioner, feeling aggrieved, laid challenge to the impugned transfer order dated 20-08-2020 by the present petition.

Contentions

The petitioner contends that action of respondent 1 and 2, in transferring him, is unjust, unfair, arbitrary, discriminatory and thus it cannot sustain in the eyes of law. It is further contended that as per notification dated 23-07-2020, no transfer can be made during the ban period. As per the petitioner, private respondent 3 served for 20 years in the Office of Kinnaur Forest Division at Reckong Peo and on her promotion, she was transferred to JICA Project, Rampur, however, she managed a D.O. note and in order to accommodate her, the petitioner was transferred.

As per respondents, it is the prerogative of the State Government to post/transfer any employee anywhere in the State, keeping in view the administrative convenience/exigencies and no government employee can claim his/her transfer or posting as a matter of right. The petitioner is a permanent resident of Tehsil Nankhari, Shimla, and has been transferred to Rampur, which is near to his native place. The transfer of the petitioner is made on prior approval of the State Government and in public interest. The petitioner completed his stint of two and half years at Forest Division Reckong Peo, Kinnaur, and he is transferred near to his native place, so should have no grudge. Private respondent 3 instituted a separate reply, refuting and resisting the contentions raised by the petitioner in the petition. As per respondent 3, the petitioner has completed his normal stint in tribal area, that is, two winters and three summers, thus his transfer is legally sustainable. Private respondent 3 further submitted that the petitioner had earlier made a representation for his transfer from Kinnaur Forest Division to Wild Life Division Sarahan, denying that the petitioner is transferred in order to adjust her (respondent 3)

Observation

The Court while making an observation upon the State’s responsibility to make consistent and sustainable order with respect to transfer and appointment, said, “It is the policy of the respondents State that one has to be transferred from a hard/tribal area after completion of his/her tenure and his choice(s) to be taken into consideration while transferring him/her, but in the extant case, the petitioner has been transferred against his choice to the office of APD, JICA Project Rampur, District Shimla and his representation was not taken into consideration.” With respect to the contention that the place of transfer was in fact made as per the choice of the petitioner, the Court reflected disagreement and said, “The station, where the petitioner has been transferred, i.e., APD, JICA Project Rampur, District Shimla, is not the place of petitioner’s choice.”

 Decision

While allowing the present petition, the Court said, “Under these circumstances, it seems that the transfer of the petitioner in place of private respondent No. 3 is made just to accommodate private respondent No. 3 and neither in public interest nor as per the transfer police in vogue and thus liable to be quashed and set-aside.”[Satyawan Mehta v. State of Himachal Pradesh, 2020 SCC OnLine HP 2126, decided on 28-10-2020]


Sakshi Shukla, Editorial Assistant has put this story together

Punjab and Haryana High Court
Case BriefsHigh Courts

Punjab and Haryana High Court: While adjudicating a petition for quashing of a transfer order, Jaishree Thakur, J., dismissed the same being devoid of any merit.

The instant petition of certiorari has been filed under Article 226 of the Constitution of India whereby the petitioner has pleaded for quashing of the transfer order dated 14 08-2020 vide which the petitioner has been transferred from Government Senior Secondary School, Model Town Karnal to Government Senior Secondary School, Teekri.

The factual background is such that the petitioner is a clerk at Government High School Model Town Karnal, whereas his wife teaches at Government Primary School. He has a daughter who happens to be mentally challenged resulting in occasional fits of violence. She needs attention and assistance at all times. The petitioner is getting his daughter treated at a hospital in Karnal and hence, the transfer will only make his situation worse as his family would give to go through a lot of hardships. As per government policy under which, the case of the employees who have children suffering from medical ailments/permanent disability has to be considered, he has filed several option sot be transferred to a nearer place but to no avail.

Counsel for the petitioner, Parminder Singh submits that the petitioner should be posted within the town of Karnal on sympathetic grounds given that he has a mentally challenged daughter to take care of.

It is submitted by S.S. Pannu, respondent’s counsel that the case of the petitioner has been considered on sympathetic grounds while transferring him to Teekri. The place where the petitioner has been posted is hardly 7-8 kms from where he was posted earlier. It is also stated that the petitioner has worked at the same place for 6 years.

Upon careful perusal of the facts, circumstances and arguments the Court found no ground for interference in this instant petition and observed that,

“It is well settled that transfer is an incidence of service and would be open to interference by the court only if the petitioner could establish that the transfer order is mala fide in nature.”

The Court also remarked that an employee does not develop a vested right to continue on a particular post as per his/her choice. At best an employee can ask for consideration regarding his posting in order to mitigate the hardship he might have to face on account of his/her transfer. In the present case, the petitioner’s request has been duly considered on sympathetic grounds and the place of posting is at a distance of only 7 to 8 kms from where the petitioner was posted. The petitioner has not alleged any mala fides against ay senior official of the respondent department or against the transferring authority.

In view of the above, the petition has been dismissed being devoid of any merit.[Mukesh Kumar v. State of Haryana, 2020 SCC OnLine P&H 1837, decided on 05-10-2020]


Yashvardhan Shrivastav, Editorial Assistant has put this story together

Kerala High Court
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President after consultation with Chief Justice of India Orders the transfer of Justice Ananta Manohar Badar, Judge of Bombay High Court as Judge of Kerala High Court and direct him to assume charge of his office in the Kerala High Court.


Ministry of Law and Justice

[Notification dt. 19-05-2020]

National Company Law Tribunal
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Office Order dt. 12-05-2020

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Ministry of Law and Justice

[Notification dt. 23-04-2020]

Punjab and Haryana High Court
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President orders transfer of Justice Sunkenahalli Narasimhaiah Satyanarayana of Karnataka High Court to Punjab and Haryana High Court.


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[Notification dt. 27-03-2020]

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President Orders transfer of Justice Alok Singh of Uttaranchal High Court to Allahabad High Court.


Ministry of Law and Justice

[Notification dt. 27-03-2020]

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President, after consultation with the Chief Justice of India, is pleased to transfer Justice Subramonium Prasad, Additional Judge of the Madras High Court, as an Additional Judge of the Delhi High Court and to direct him to assume charge of his office in the Delhi High Court.


Ministry of Law and Justice

[Notification dt. 04-03-2020]

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President after consultation with the Chief Justice of India has transferred Justice Ranjit Vasantrao More of Bombay High Court to Meghalaya High Court.


Ministry of Law and Justice

[Notification dt. 26-02-2020]

Punjab and Haryana High Court
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President with the consultation of Chief Justice of India has notified the transfer of Justice S. Muralidhar of Delhi High Court to Punjab and Haryana High Court.


Ministry of Law and Justice

[Notification dt. 26-02-2020]

Kerala High Court
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Transfer Order

President with the consultation of Chief Justice of India, transfers Justice Amit Rawal, Judge of Punjab and Haryana High Court as Judge of Kerala High Court.

He has been directed to assume the charge of the office on 13-11-2019.


Ministry of Law and Justice

[Notification dt. 30-10-2019]

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President with the consultation of Chief Justice of India, transfers Justice Rakesh Kumar, Judge of Patna High Court as a Judge of the Andhra Pradesh High Court.

He has been directed to assume the charge of the office on 13-11-2019.


Ministry of Law and Justice

[Notification dt. 30-10-2019]

Patna High Court
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President with the consultation of Chief Justice of India, transfers Justice Sanjay Karol, Chief Justice of Tripura High Court as the Chief Justice of Patna High Court.

He has been directed to assume the charge of the office on 13-11-2019.


Ministry of Law and Justice

[Notification dt. 30-10-2019]

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President with the consultation of Chief Justice of India, transfers Justice Ajay Kumar Mittal, Chief Justice of Meghalaya High Court as the Chief Justice of Madhya Pradesh High Court.

He has been directed to assume the charge of the office on 13-11-2019.


Ministry of Law and Justice

[Notification dt. 30-10-2019]

Appointments & TransfersNews

President is pleased to transfer Shri Justice Biswanath Somadder, Judge of the Calcutta High Court, as a Judge of the Allahabad High Court and to direct him to assume charge of his office in the Allahabad High Court on or before 17th October, 2019.


Ministry of Law and Justice

[Notification dt. 03-10-2019]

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President in consultation with the Chief Justice of India is pleased to transfer Justice Ujjal Bhuyan, Judge of Gauhati High Court, as a Judge of the Bombay High Court and to direct him to assume charge of his office in the Bombay High Court on or before 03-10-2019.


Ministry of Law and Justice

[Notification dt. 19-09-2019]

Case BriefsHigh Courts

Rajasthan High Court: Alok Sharma, J. allowed a civil writ petition filed by a person against his transfer order. As a result of which, another order was passed regarding its transfer, quashing the previous transfer order.

 In the instant case, the petitioner was transferred to the post of RTO Alwar and respondent 3 herein who was posted as RTO earlier, was transferred to the Transport Department. Since the petitioner was due to retire in just six months, he challenged his transfer order before the Rajasthan Civil Services Appellate Tribunal, Jaipur. The Tribunal quashed his transfer order. Consequently, respondent 3 was transferred back to his original post of RTO and the petitioner was directed to join Parivahan Bhavan, Jaipur. Aggrieved by the said order of the Department, the instant petition was filed.

At the outset, the Court observed that the order passed by Tribunal was a well considered and replete with cogent reasons. It remarked that a transfer is an incident of service and the discretion of an employer in transferring an employee is quite wide. Ordinarily, no interference is to be made with an order of transfer unless it violates a statutory rule or is malafide. But it was opined that the same is not an iron-clad opinion in law. The Court relied on the case of Manjula Pathak v. State of Rajasthan, (SB CWP No. 14577 of 2016), which was also considered by the Tribunal, and held that transfer of an employee, within a year of his imminent superannuation, deserved interference.

It was observed that an employee, who is to retire within one year, should not be transferred if there is no obvious cause, as such a transfer would cause avoidable disruption at the end of a government servant’s career and create difficulties in a post-retiral settlement.

The Court was of the view that it was for the State Government to satisfy the Tribunal as to the circumstances which made it manifest that transferring the petitioner was founded upon a careful evaluation of public interest and/or administrative exigencies and that the impugned transfer was not a casual and mechanical exercise of discretion. The State should also have satisfied the Tribunal that while passing the impugned transfer order, the fact of the respondent 3 superannuating in six months was consciously taken into consideration. Neither of the above was admittedly done.

In view of the above, it was held that the order passed by the Tribunal required no interference by this Court under Article 226 of the Constitution of India. No manifest injustice can be said to have been caused to the petitioner by the impugned order of transfer. The consequential order passed by respondents had thus to be sustained.

The writ petition was dismissed for being bereft of merits.[Rani Jain v. Government of Rajasthan, 2019 SCC OnLine Raj 1615, decided on 13-05-2019]

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Appointments & TransfersNews

Justice Prashant Kumar, Judge of the Allahabad High Court, transferred as Judge of the Jharkhand High Court and directed to assume charge of his office in the Jharkhand High Court on or before 16-05-2019.


[Notification dt. 02-05-2019]

Ministry of Law and Justice

Telangana High Court
Appointments & TransfersNews

Sushri Justice Ghandikota Sri Devi, Additional Judge of Allahabad High Court transferred as an Additional Judge of the Telangana High Court and directed to assume charge of her office in the Telangana High Court on or before 16-05-2019.


[Notification dt. 02-05-2019]

Ministry of Law and Justice