‘Material facts’ are primary basic facts and ‘particulars’ are details in support of material facts

Karnataka High Court: While deciding a writ petition filed under Articles 226 and 227 of the Constitution, a Single Judge Bench of Raghvendra S. Chauhan, J. dismissed the petition holding that there is a difference between ‘material facts’ and ‘particulars’ and it was sufficient if the respondent proved the material facts.

The petitioner challenged the order of the Senior Civil Judge whereby he allowed the Election Petition filed by Respondent 1. The dispute related to the election to the post of President of the Gram Panchayat. Initially, the petitioner was elected to the said post, however, respondent 1 challenged the said election and consequently, the Election Tribunal set aside the election of the petitioner to the said post.

The petitioner submitted that while filing the election petition, respondent 1 was required to prove his submission through material facts. However, Respondent 1 had not mentioned all the material facts in the petition. There was no mention of the placement and type of marks alleged to be marked on the ballot papers.

The High Court referred to a few decisions of the Supreme Court and observed that there is a difference between ‘material facts’ and ‘particulars’. ‘Material facts’ are the primary basic facts which must be pleaded by the plaintiff to prove his cause of action. ‘Particulars’ on the other hand, are the details in support of the material facts pleaded by the parties. In the instant case, Respondent 1 as the plaintiff clearly pleaded the material fact that there were extra marks on the ballot papers. And the particulars regarding the type and placing of marks, even if not pleaded, would not undermine the validity and veracity of the election petition.

The High Court found no irregularity in the impugned order and accordingly dismissed the petition. [H.B. Shamithkumar v. A.M. Somanna, 2017 SCC OnLine Kar 3020, order dated 16.10.2017]

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